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WIFE Kanya Samprayuktaka (union of males and females)
- Chapter I
Bharyadhikarika (on one's own wife)
- Chapter II
Paradika (on the wives of other people)
- Chapter III
Vaisika (on courtesans)
- Chapter IV
Aupamishadika (on the arts of seduction, tonic medicines, etc.)
- Chapter V

The sixth part of this last work was separately expounded by Dattaka at the
PART IV: ABOUT A
q
request of the public women of Pataliputra (Patna), and in the same way
WIFE
Charayana explained the first part of it. The remaining parts, viz. the second,
- Chapter I
third, fourth, fifth, and seventh, were each separately expounded by
- Chapter II
Suvarnanabha (second part)
Ghotakamukha (third part)
q PART V: ABOUT THE
Gonardiya (fourth part)
WIVES OF OTHER
Gonikaputra (fifth part)
PEOPLE
- Chapter I Kuchumara (seventh part), respectively.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
Thus the work being written in parts by different authors was almost
- Chapter IV
unobtainable and, as the parts which were expounded by Dattaka and the
- Chapter V
others treated only of the particular branches of the subject to which each part
- Chapter VI
related, and moreover as the original work of Babhravya was difficult to be
mastered on account of its length, Vatsyayana, therefore, composed his work in
q PART VI: ABOUT
a small volume as an abstract of the whole of the works of the above named
COURTESANS
authors.
- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
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- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART I
- Introduction
CHAPTER II
Observations on the three worldly attainments of Virtue, Wealth, and
q PART I:
Love
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
Man, the period of whose life is one hundred years, should practise Dharma,
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV Artha and Kama at different times and in such a manner that they may
- Chapter V harmonize together and not clash in any way. He should acquire learning in his
childhood, in his youth and middle age he should attend to Artha and Kama,
and in his old age he should perform Dharma, and thus seek to gain Moksha,
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
i.e. release from further transmigration. Or, on account of the uncertainty of
UNION
- Chapter I life, he may practise them at times when they are enjoined to be practised. But
- Chapter II one thing is to be noted, he should lead the life of a religious student until he
- Chapter III finishes his education.
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
Dharma is obedience to the command of the Shastra or Holy Writ of the
- Chapter VI
Hindoos to do certain things, such as the performance of sacrifices, which are
- Chapter VII
not generally done, because they do not belong to this world, and produce no
- Chapter VIII
visible effect; and not to do other things, such as eating meat, which is often
- Chapter IX
done because it belongs to this world, and has visible effects.
- Chapter X


Dharma should be learnt from the Shruti (Holy Writ), and from those
PART III: ABOUT THE
q
conversant with it.
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
- Chapter I
Artha is the acquisition of arts, land, gold, cattle, wealth, equipages and friends.
- Chapter II
It is, further, the protection of what is acquired, and the increase of what is
- Chapter III
protected.
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
Artha should be learnt from the king's officers, and from merchants who may
be versed in the ways of commerce.
q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
- Chapter I
Kama is the enjoyment of appropriate objects by the five senses of hearing,
- Chapter II
feeling, seeing, tasting and smelling, assisted by the mind together with the
soul. The ingredient in this is a peculiar contact between the organ of sense and
q PART V: ABOUT THE its object, and the consciousness of pleasure which arises from that contact is
WIVES OF OTHER called Kama.
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
Kama is to be learnt from the Kama Sutra (aphorisms on love) and from the
- Chapter II
practice of citizens.
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
When all the three, viz. Dharma, Artha and Kama, come together, the former is
- Chapter VI
better than the one which follows it, i.e. Dharma is better than Artha, and Artha
is better than Kama. But Artha should always be first practised by the king for
q PART VI: ABOUT the livelihood of men is to be obtained from it only. Again, Kama being the
COURTESANS occupation of public women, they should prefer it to the other two, and these
- Introductory Remarks -
are exceptions to the general rule.
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
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- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART I
- Introduction
CHAPTER III
On the arts and sciences to be studied
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
Man should study the Kama Sutra and the arts and sciences subordinate
- Chapter II
thereto, in addition to the study of the arts and sciences contained in Dharma
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV and Artha. Even young maids should study this Kama Sutra along with its arts
- Chapter V and sciences before marriage, and after it they should continue to do so with
the consent of their husbands.
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION
Here some learned men object, and say that females, not being allowed to
- Chapter I
study any science, should not study the Kama Sutra.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
But Vatsyayana is of opinion that this objection does not hold good, for women
- Chapter IV
already know the practice of Kama Sutra, and that practice is derived from the
- Chapter V
Kama Shastra, or the science of Kama itself. Moreover, it is not only in this but
- Chapter VI
in many other cases that, though the practice of a science is known to all, only
- Chapter VII
a few persons are acquainted with the rules and laws on which the science is
- Chapter VIII
based. Thus the Yadnikas or sacrificers, though ignorant of grammar, make use
- Chapter IX
of appropriate words when addressing the different Deities, and do not know
- Chapter X
how these words are framed. Again, persons do the duties required of them on
auspicious days, which are fixed by astrology, though they are not acquainted
q PART III: ABOUT THE
with the science of astrology. In a like manner riders of horses and elephants
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE train these animals without knowing the science of training animals, but from
- Chapter I practice only. And similarly the people of the most distant provinces obey the
- Chapter II
laws of the kingdom from practice, and because there is a king over them, and
- Chapter III
without further reason.1 And from experience we find that some women, such
- Chapter IV
as daughters of princes and their ministers, and public women, are actually
- Chapter V
versed in the Kama Shastra.

q PART IV: ABOUT A
A female, therefore, should learn the Kama Shastra, or at least a part of it, by
WIFE
studying its practice from some confidential friend. She should study alone in
- Chapter I
private the sixty-four practices that form a part of the Kama Shastra. Her
- Chapter II
teacher should be one of the following persons: the daughter of a nurse brought
up with her and already married,2 or a female friend who can be trusted in
q PART V: ABOUT THE
everything, or the sister of her mother (i.e. her aunt), or an old female servant,
WIVES OF OTHER
or a female beggar who may have formerly lived in the family, or her own sister
PEOPLE
who can always be trusted.
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
The following are the arts to be studied, together with the Kama Sutra:
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
Singing
- Chapter VI q

Playing on musical instruments
q

Dancing
q
PART VI: ABOUT
q
COURTESANS
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- Introductory Remarks -
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART I
- Introduction
CHAPTER VI
The life of a citizen
PART I:
q
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
Having thus acquired learning, a man, with the wealth that he may have gained
- Chapter II
by gift, conquest, purchase, deposit,1 or inheritance from his ancestors, should
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV become a householder, and pass the life of a citizen.2 He should take a house
- Chapter V in a city, or large village, or in the vicinity of good men, or in a place which is
the resort of many persons. This abode should be situated near some water,
and divided into different compartments for different purposes. It should be
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
surrounded by a garden, and also contain two rooms, an outer and an inner
UNION
- Chapter I one. The inner room should be occupied by the females, while the outer room,
- Chapter II balmy with rich perfumes, should contain a bed, soft, agreeable to the sight,
- Chapter III covered with a clean white cloth, low in the middle part, having garlands and
- Chapter IV bunches of flowers3 upon it, and a canopy above it, and two pillows, one at the
- Chapter V top, another at the bottom. There should be also a sort of couch besides, and at
- Chapter VI
the head of this a sort of stool, on which should be placed the fragrant
- Chapter VII
ointments for the night, as well as flowers, pots containing collyrium and other
- Chapter VIII
fragrant substances, things used for perfuming the mouth, and the bark of the
- Chapter IX
common citron tree. Near the couch, on the ground, there should be a pot for
- Chapter X
spitting, a box containing ornaments, and also a lute hanging from a peg made
of the tooth of an elephant, a board for drawing, a pot containing perfume,
q PART III: ABOUT THE some books, and some garlands of the yellow amaranth flowers. Not far from
ACQUISITION OF A
the couch, and on the ground, there should be a round seat, a toy cart, and a
WIFE
board for playing with dice; outside the outer room there should be cages of
- Chapter I
birds,4 and a separate place for spinning, carving and such like diversions. In
- Chapter II
the garden there should be a whirling swing and a common swing, as also a
- Chapter III
bower of creepers covered with flowers, in which a raised parterre should be
- Chapter IV
made for sitting.
- Chapter V


Now the householder, having got up in the morning and performed his
q PART IV: ABOUT A
necessary duties,5 should wash his teeth, apply a limited quantity of ointments
WIFE
- Chapter I and perfumes to his body, put some ornaments on his person and collyrium on
- Chapter II his eyelids and below his eyes, colour his lips with alacktaka,6 and look at
himself in the glass. Having then eaten betel leaves, with other things that give
fragrance to the mouth, he should perform his usual business. He should bathe
q PART V: ABOUT THE
daily, anoint his body with oil every other day, apply a lathering substance7 to
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE his body every three days, get his head (including face) shaved every four days
- Chapter I
and the other parts of his body every five or ten days.8 All these things should
- Chapter II
be done without fail, and the sweat of the armpits should also be removed.
- Chapter III
Meals should be taken in the forenoon, in the afternoon, and again at night,
- Chapter IV
according to Charayana. After breakfast, parrots and other birds should be
- Chapter V
taught to speak, and the fighting of cocks, quails, and rams should follow. A
- Chapter VI
limited time should be devoted to diversions with Pithamardas, Vitas, and
Vidushakas,9 and then should be taken the midday sleep.10 After this the
q PART VI: ABOUT householder, having put on his clothes and ornaments, should, during the
COURTESANS
afternoon, converse with his friends. In the evening there should be singing,
- Introductory Remarks -
and after that the householder, along with his friend, should await in his room,
Chapter I
previously decorated and perfumed, the arrival of the woman that may be
- Chapter II
attached to him, or he may send a female messenger for her, or go for her
- Chapter III
himself. After her arrival at his house, he and his friend should welcome her,
- Chapter IV
and entertain her with a loving and agreeable conversation. Thus end the duties
- Chapter V
of the day.
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
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