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- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART III
- Introduction
CHAPTER V
On certain forms of marriage (1)
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II When a girl cannot meet her lover frequently in private, she should send the
- Chapter III daughter of her nurse to him, it being understood that she has confidence in
- Chapter IV her, and had previously gained her over to her interests. On seeing the man,
- Chapter V the daughter of the nurse should, in the course of conversation, describe to him
the noble birth, the good disposition, the beauty, talent, skill, knowledge of
human nature and affection of the girl in such a way as not to let him suppose
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION that she had been sent by the girl, and should thus create affection for the girl
- Chapter I
in the heart of the man. To the girl also she should speak about the excellent
- Chapter II
qualities of the man, especially of those qualities which she knows are pleasing
- Chapter III
to the girl. She should, moreover, speak with disparagement of the other lovers
- Chapter IV
of the girl, and talk about the avarice and indiscretion of their parents, and the
- Chapter V
fickleness of their relations. She should also quote samples of many girls of
- Chapter VI
ancient times, such as Sakoontala and others, who, having united themselves
- Chapter VII
with lovers of their own caste and their own choice, were ever happy afterwards
- Chapter VIII
in their society. And she should also tell of other girls who married into great
- Chapter IX
families, and being troubled by rival wives, became wretched and miserable,
- Chapter X
and were finally abandoned. She should further speak of the good fortune, the
continual happiness, the chastity, obedience, and affection of the man, and if
q PART III: ABOUT THE
the girl gets amorous about him, she should endeavour to allay her shame2 and
ACQUISITION OF A
her fear as well as her suspicions about any disaster that might result from her
WIFE
marriage. In a word, she should act the whole part of a female messenger by
- Chapter I
telling the girl all about the man's affection for her, the places he frequented,
- Chapter II
and the endeavours he made to meet her, and by frequently repeating, `It will
- Chapter III
be all right if the man will take you away forcibly and unexpectedly.'
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
The Forms of Marriage
When the girl is gained over, and acts openly with the man as his wife, he
q PART IV: ABOUT A
should cause fire to be brought from the house of a Brahman, and having
WIFE
- Chapter I spread the Kusha grass upon the ground, and offered an oblation to the fire, he
- Chapter II should marry her according to the precepts of the religious law. After this he
should inform his parents of the fact, because it is the opinion of ancient
authors that a marriage solemnly contracted in the presence of fire cannot
q PART V: ABOUT THE
WIVES OF OTHER afterwards be set aside.
PEOPLE
- Chapter I
After the consummation of the marriage, the relations of the man should
- Chapter II
gradually be made acquainted with the affair, and the relations of the girl
- Chapter III
should also be apprised of it in such a way that they may consent to the
- Chapter IV
marriage, and overlook the manner in which it was brought about, and when
- Chapter V
this is done they should afterwards be reconciled by affectionate presents and
- Chapter VI
favourable conduct. In this manner the man should marry the girl according to
the Gandharva form of marriage.
q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
When the girl cannot make up her mind, or will not express her readiness to
Chapter I
marry, the man should obtain her in any one of the following ways:
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
On a fitting occasion, and under some excuse, he should, by means of a female
- Chapter IV
friend with whom he is well acquainted, and whom he can trust, and who also is
- Chapter V
well known to the girl's family, get the girl brought unexpectedly to his house,
- Chapter VI
and he should then bring fire from the house of a Brahman, and proceed as
before described.
q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
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- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART IV
- Introduction
CHAPTER I
On the manner of living of a virtuous woman, and of her behaviour
q PART I:
during the absence of her husband
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
A virtuous woman, who has affection for her husband, should act in conformity
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV with his wishes as if he were a divine being, and with his consent should take
- Chapter V upon herself the whole care of his family. She should keep the whole house well
cleaned, and arrange flowers of various kinds in different parts of it, and make
the floor smooth and polished so as to give the whole a neat and becoming
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
appearance. She should surround the house with a garden, and place ready in it
UNION
- Chapter I all the materials required for the morning, noon and evening sacrifices.
- Chapter II Moreover she should herself revere the sanctuary of the Household Gods, for,
- Chapter III says Gonardiya, `nothing so much attracts the heart of a householder to his
- Chapter IV wife as a careful observance of the things mentioned above'. Towards the
- Chapter V parents, relations, friends, sisters, and servants of her husband she should
- Chapter VI
behave as they deserve. In the garden she should plant beds of green
- Chapter VII
vegetables, bunches of the sugar cane, and clumps of the fig tree, the mustard
- Chapter VIII
plant, the parsley plant, the fennel plant, and the xanthochymus pictorius.
- Chapter IX
Clusters of various flowers such as the trapa bispinosa, the jasmine, the
- Chapter X
jasminum grandiflorum, the yellow amaranth, the wild jasmine, the
tabernamontana coronaria, the nadyaworta, the china rose and others, should
q PART III: ABOUT THE likewise be planted, together with the fragrant grass andropogon schaenanthus,
ACQUISITION OF A
and the fragrant root of the plant andropogon miricatus. She should also have
WIFE
seats and arbours made in the garden, in the middle of which a well, tank, or
- Chapter I
pool should be dug.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
The wife should always avoid the company of female beggars, female Buddhist
- Chapter IV
mendicants, unchaste and roguish women, female fortune tellers and witches.
- Chapter V
As regards meals she should always consider what her husband likes and
dislikes and what things are good for him, and what are injurious to him. When
q PART IV: ABOUT A
she hears the sounds of his footsteps coming home she should at once get up
WIFE
- Chapter I and be ready to do whatever he may command her, and either order her female
- Chapter II servant to wash his feet, or wash them herself. When going anywhere with her
husband, she should put on her ornaments, and without his consent she should
not either give or accept invitations, or attend marriages and sacrifices, or sit in
q PART V: ABOUT THE
the company of female friends, or visit the temples of the Gods. And if she
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE wants to engage in any kind of games or sports, she should not do it against his
- Chapter I
will. In the same way she should always sit down after him, and get up before
- Chapter II
him, and should never awaken him when he is asleep. The kitchen should be
- Chapter III
situated in a quiet and retired place, so as not to be accessible to strangers,
- Chapter IV
and should always look clean.
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
In the event of any misconduct on the part of her husband, she should not
blame him excessively, though she be a little displeased. She should not use
q PART VI: ABOUT
abusive language towards him, but rebuke him with conciliatory words, whether
COURTESANS
he be in the company of friends or alone. Moreover, she should not be a scold,
- Introductory Remarks -
for, says Gonardiya, `there is no cause of dislike on the part of a husband so
Chapter I
great as this characteristic in a wife'. Lastly she should avoid bad expressions,
- Chapter II
sulky looks, speaking aside, standing in the doorway, and looking at passers-
- Chapter III
by, conversing in the pleasure groves, and remaining in a lonely place for a long
- Chapter IV
time; and finally she should always keep her body, her teeth, her hair and
- Chapter V
everything belonging to her tidy, sweet, and clean.
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING | previous | content | next |
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART IV
- Introduction
CHAPTER II
On the conduct of the eldest Wife towards the other Wives of her
q PART I:
Husband, and of the younger Wife towards the elder ones. Also on the
INTRODUCTORY
conduct of a Virgin Widow remarried; of a Wife disliked by her
- Chapter I
Husband; of the Women in the King's Harem; and of a Husband who has
- Chapter II
more than one Wife
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
The causes of re-marrying during the lifetime of the wife are as follows:
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION
The folly or ill-temper of the wife
q
- Chapter I
Her husband's dislike to her
q
- Chapter II
The want of offspring
q
- Chapter III
The continual birth of daughters
q
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
The incontinence of the husband
- Chapter VI
From the very beginning, a wife should endeavour to attract the heart of her
- Chapter VII
husband, by showing to him continually her devotion, her good temper, and her
- Chapter VIII
wisdom. If however she bears him no children, she should herself toilette her
- Chapter IX
husband to marry another woman. And when the second wife is married, and
- Chapter X
brought to the house, the first wife should give her a position superior to her
own, and look upon her as a sister. In the morning the elder wife should
q PART III: ABOUT THE
forcibly make the younger one decorate herself in the presence of their
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE husband, and should not mind all the husband's favour being given to her. If
- Chapter I the younger wife does anything to displease her husband the elder one should
- Chapter II
not neglect her, but should always be ready to give her most careful advice,
- Chapter III
and should teach her to do various things in the presence of her husband. Her
- Chapter IV
children she should treat as her own, her attendants she should look upon with
- Chapter V
more regard, even than on her own servants, her friends she should cherish
with love and kindness, and her relations with great honour.
q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
When there are many other wives besides herself, the elder wife should
- Chapter I
associate with the one who is immediately next to her in rank and age, and
- Chapter II
should instigate the wife who has recently enjoyed her husband's favour to
quarrel with the present favourite. After this she should sympathize with the
q PART V: ABOUT THE
former, and having collected all the other wives together, should get them to
WIVES OF OTHER
denounce the favourite as a scheming and wicked woman, without however
PEOPLE
committing herself in any way. If the favourite wife happens to quarrel with the
- Chapter I
husband, then the elder wife should take her part and give her false
- Chapter II
encouragement, and thus cause the quarrel to be increased. If there be only a
- Chapter III
little quarrel between the two, the elder wife should do all she can to work it up
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V into a large quarrel. But if after all this she finds the husband still continues to
- Chapter VI love his favourite wife she should then change her tactics, and endeavour to
bring about a conciliation between them, so as to avoid her husband's
displeasure.
q PART VI: ABOUT
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
Thus ends the conduct of the elder wife.
Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
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- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI


q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART V
- Introduction
CHAPTER I
On the Characteristics of Men and Women, and the reason why Women
q PART I:
reject the Addresses of Men. About Men who have Success with
INTRODUCTORY
Women, and about Women who are easily gained over
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV The wives of other people may be resorted to on the occasions already
- Chapter V described in Part I, Chapter V, of this work, but the possibility of their
acquisition, their fitness for cohabitation, the danger to oneself in uniting with
them, and the future effect of these unions, should first of all be examined. A
q PART II: ON SEXUAL

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