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man may resort to the wife of another, for the purpose of saving his own life,
UNION
- Chapter I when he perceives that his love for her proceeds from one degree of intensity
- Chapter II to another. These degrees are ten in number, and are distinguished by the
- Chapter III following marks:
- Chapter IV q Love of the eye
- Chapter V q Attachment of the mind
- Chapter VI
q Constant reflection
- Chapter VII
q Destruction of sleep
- Chapter VIII
q Emaciation of the body
- Chapter IX
q Turning away from objects of enjoyment
- Chapter X
q Removal of shame

q Madness
q PART III: ABOUT THE q Fainting
ACQUISITION OF A
q Death
WIFE
- Chapter I
Ancient authors say that a man should know the disposition, truthfulness,
- Chapter II
purity, and will of a young woman, as also the intensity, or weakness of her
- Chapter III
passions, from the form of her body, and from her characteristic marks and
- Chapter IV
signs. But Vatsyayana is of opinion that the forms of bodies, and the
- Chapter V
characteristic marks or signs are but erring tests of character, and that women
should be judged by their conduct, by the outward expression of their thoughts,
q PART IV: ABOUT A
and by the movements of their bodies.
WIFE
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
Now as a general rule Gonikaputra says that a woman falls in love with every
handsome man she sees, and so does every man at the sight of a beautiful
q PART V: ABOUT THE woman, but frequently they do not take any further steps, owing to various
WIVES OF OTHER
considerations. In love the following circumstances are peculiar to the woman.
PEOPLE
She loves without regard to right or wrong,1 and does not try to gain over a
- Chapter I
man simply for the attainment of some particular purpose. Moreover, when a
- Chapter II
man first makes up to her she naturally shrinks from him, even though she may
- Chapter III
be willing to unite herself with him. But when the attempts to gain her are
- Chapter IV
repeated and renewed, she at last consents. But with a man, even though he
- Chapter V
may have begun to love, he conquers his feelings from a regard for morality
- Chapter VI
and wisdom, and although his thoughts are often on the woman, he does not
yield, even though an attempt be made to gain him over. He sometimes makes
q PART VI: ABOUT
an attempt or effort to win the object of his affections, and having failed, he
COURTESANS
leaves her alone for the future. In the same way, when a woman is once
- Introductory Remarks -
gained, he often becomes indifferent about her. As for the saying that a man
Chapter I
does not care for what is easily gained, and only desires a thing which cannot
- Chapter II
be obtained without difficulty, it is only a matter of talk.
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
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q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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Kama Sutra




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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART V
- Introduction
CHAPTER II
About making Acquaintance with the Woman, and of the efforts to gain
q PART I:
her over
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
Ancient authors are of opinion that girls are not so easily seduced by employing
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV female messengers as by the efforts of the man himself, but that the wives of
- Chapter V others are more easily got at by the aid of female messengers than by the
personal efforts of the man. But Vatsyayana lays it down that whenever it is
possible a man should always act himself in these matters, and it is only when
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
such is impracticable, or impossible, that female messengers should be
UNION
- Chapter I employed. As for the saying that women who act and talk boldly and freely are
- Chapter II to be won by the personal efforts of the man, and that women who do not
- Chapter III possess those qualities are to be got at by female messengers, it is only a
- Chapter IV matter of talk.
- Chapter V
- Chapter VI
Now when a man acts himself in the matter he should first of all make the
- Chapter VII
acquaintance of the woman he loves in the following manner:
- Chapter VIII
- Chapter IX
He should arrange to be seen by the woman either on a natural or special
- Chapter X
opportunity. A natural opportunity is when one of them goes to the house of the
other, and a special opportunity is when they meet either at the house of a
q PART III: ABOUT THE
friend, or a caste-fellow, or a minister, or a physician, as also on the occasion of
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE marriage ceremonies, sacrifices, festivals, funerals, and garden parties.
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
When they do meet, the man should be careful to look at her in such a way as
- Chapter III
to cause the state of his mind to be made known to her; he should pull about
- Chapter IV
his moustache, make a sound with his nails, cause his own ornaments to tinkle,
- Chapter V
bite his lower lip, and make various other signs of that description. When she is
looking at him he should speak to his friends about her and other women, and
q PART IV: ABOUT A
should show to her his liberality and his appreciation of enjoyments. When
WIFE
sitting by the side of a female friend he should yawn and twist his body,
- Chapter I
contract his eyebrows, speak very slowly as if he was weary, and listen to her
- Chapter II
indifferently. A conversation having two meanings should also be carried on
with a child or some other person, apparently having regard to a third person,
q PART V: ABOUT THE
but really having reference to the woman he loves, and in this way his love
WIVES OF OTHER
should be made manifest under the pretext of referring to others rather than to
PEOPLE
herself. He should make marks that have reference to her, on the earth with his
- Chapter I
nails, or with a stick, and should embrace and kiss a child in her presence, and
- Chapter II
give it the mixture of betel nut and betel leaves with his tongue, and press its
- Chapter III
chin with his fingers in a caressing way. All these things should be done at the
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V proper time and in proper places.
- Chapter VI

The man should fondle a child that may be sitting on her lap, and give it
PART VI: ABOUT something to play with, and also take the same back again. Conversation with
q
COURTESANS
respect to the child may also be held with her, and in this manner he should
- Introductory Remarks -
gradually become well acquainted with her, and he should also make himself
Chapter I
agreeable to her relations. Afterwards, this acquaintance should be made a
- Chapter II
pretext for visiting her house frequently, and on such occasions he should
- Chapter III
converse on the subject of love in her absence but within her hearing. As his
- Chapter IV
intimacy with her increases he should place in her charge some kind of deposit
- Chapter V
or trust, and take away from it a small portion at a time; or he may give her
- Chapter VI
some fragrant substances, or betel nuts to be kept for him by her. After this he
should endeavour to make her well acquainted with his own wife, and get them
q PART VII: ON THE
to carry on confidential conversations, and to sit together in lonely places.
MEANS OF ATTRACTING
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II | previous | content | next |

CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART V
- Introduction
CHAPTER III
Examination of the State of a Woman's mind
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
When a man is trying to gain over a woman he should examine the state of her
- Chapter II
mind, and act as follows:
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V
If she listens to him, but does not manifest to him in any way her own
intentions, he should then try to gain her over by means of a go-between.
q PART II: ON SEXUAL
UNION
If she meets him once, and again comes to meet him better dressed than
- Chapter I
before, or comes to him in some lonely place, he should be certain that she is
- Chapter II
capable of being enjoyed by the use of a little force. A woman who lets a man
- Chapter III
make up to her, but does not give herself up, even after a long time, should be
- Chapter IV
considered as a trifler in love, but owing to the fickleness of the human mind,
- Chapter V
even such a woman can be conquered by always keeping up a close
- Chapter VI
acquaintance with her.
- Chapter VII
- Chapter VIII
- Chapter IX
When a woman avoids the attentions of a man, and on account of respect for
- Chapter X
him, and pride in herself, will not meet him or approach him, she can be gained
over with difficulty, either by endeavouring to keep on familiar terms with her,
q PART III: ABOUT THE or else by an exceedingly clever go-between.
ACQUISITION OF A
WIFE
When a man makes up to a woman, and she reproaches him with harsh words,
- Chapter I
she should be abandoned at once.
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
When a woman reproaches a man, but at the same time acts affectionately
- Chapter V
towards him, she should be made love to in every way.

q PART IV: ABOUT A
A woman, who meets a man in lonely places, and puts up with the touch of his
WIFE
foot, but pretends, on account of the indecision of her mind, not to be aware of
- Chapter I
it, should be conquered by patience, and by continued efforts as follows:
- Chapter II


If she happens to go to sleep in his vicinity he should put his left arm round
PART V: ABOUT THE
q
her, and see when she awakes whether she repulses him in reality, or only
WIVES OF OTHER
PEOPLE repulses him in such a way as if she was desirous of the same thing being done
- Chapter I to her again. And what is done by the arm can also be done by the foot. If the
- Chapter II man succeeds in this point he should embrace her more closely, and if she will
- Chapter III
not stand the embrace and gets up, but behaves with him as usual the next
- Chapter IV
day, he should consider then that she is not unwilling to be enjoyed by him. If
- Chapter V
however she does not appear again, the man should try to get over her by
- Chapter VI
means of a go-between; and if, after having disappeared for some time, she
again appears, and behaves with him as usual, the man should then consider
q PART VI: ABOUT that she would not object to be united with him.
COURTESANS
- Introductory Remarks -
When a woman gives a man an opportunity, and makes her own love manifest
Chapter I
to him, he should proceed to enjoy her. And the signs of a woman manifesting
- Chapter II
her love are these:
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV
- Chapter V She calls out to a man without being addressed by him in the first instance.
q
- Chapter VI She shows herself to him in secret places.
q

She speaks to him tremblingly and inarticulately.
q

q PART VII: ON THE
MEANS OF ATTRACTING | previous | content | next |
OTHERS TO ONE'S SELF
- Chapter I
- Chapter II


CONCLUDING
q

REMARKS


q MODERN KAMA

SUTRA


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q TRANSLATOR'S
NOTES
- Preface
PART V
- Introduction
CHAPTER IV
The Business of a Go-Between
q PART I:
INTRODUCTORY
- Chapter I
If a woman has manifested her love or desire, either by signs or by motions of
- Chapter II
the body, and is afterwards rarely or never seen anywhere, or if a woman is
- Chapter III
- Chapter IV met for the first time, the man should get a go-between to approach her.
- Chapter V

Now the go-between, having wheedled herself into the confidence of the
PART II: ON SEXUAL woman by acting according to her disposition, should try to make her hate or
q
UNION
despise her husband by holding artful conversations with her, by telling her
- Chapter I
about medicines for getting children, by talking to her about other people, by
- Chapter II
tales of various kinds, by stories about the wives of other men, and by praising
- Chapter III
her beauty, wisdom, generosity and good nature, and then saying to her: `It is
- Chapter IV
indeed a pity that you, who are so excellent a woman in every way, should be
- Chapter V
possessed of a husband of this kind. Beautiful lady, he is not fit even to serve
- Chapter VI
you.' The go-between should further talk to the woman about the weakness of
- Chapter VII
the passion of her husband, his jealousy, his roguery, his ingratitude, his
- Chapter VIII
aversion to enjoyments, his dullness, his meanness, and all the other faults that
- Chapter IX
he may have, and with which she may be acquainted. She should particularly
- Chapter X
harp upon that fault or that failing by which the wife may appear to be the most
affected. If the wife be a deer woman, and the husband a hare man, then there
q PART III: ABOUT THE
would be no fault in that direction, but in the event of his being a hare man,
ACQUISITION OF A
and she a mare woman or elephant woman, then this fault should be pointed
WIFE
out to her.
- Chapter I
- Chapter II
- Chapter III
Gonikaputra is of opinion that when it is the first affair of the woman, or when
- Chapter IV
her love has only been very secretly shown, the man should then secure and
- Chapter V
send to her a go-between, with whom she may be already acquainted, and in
whom she confides.
q PART IV: ABOUT A
WIFE
But to return to our subject. The go-between should tell the woman about the
- Chapter I
obedience and love of the man, and as her confidence and affection increase,
- Chapter II
she should then explain to her the thing to be accomplished in the following
way. `Hear this, Oh beautiful lady, that this man, born of a good family, having
q PART V: ABOUT THE
seen you, has gone mad on your account. The poor young man, who is tender

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