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Click the Foreground (or Background) Properties box on the Color palette.
The Material Properties dialog box appears. Click the Gradient (center) tab in
this dialog box and you see what™s shown in Figure 10-8.

Here™s what to do:

1. Choose a gradient style by clicking one of the buttons in the Style area
that appears on the right side of the Gradient dialog box (refer to
Figure 10-8).
Each button depicts a different kind of gradient: from side to side, from
center to edges in a rectangular or circular fashion, or proceeding radi-
ally around in a circle. The Preview box on the left then displays a gradi-
ent in your chosen style.
2. Click the down-arrow button to the right of the Preview box and
choose from the ultrafabulous gallery of gradients that appears.
The colors of all choices are prechosen, except for those that use the
terms foreground and background. Those choices make use of whatever
foreground or background colors are current at the time you paint with
this gradient. Click your choice.
3. Customize the angle or center of the gradient by dragging the control
in the Preview window.

Figure 10-8:
Making the
grade with
Click the
down arrow
the preview
box to open
a gallery of
you can use.

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Gradients in the linear style (Linear is the leftmost button in the Style
column) have an angle setting. In the preview window, drag the gadget
that looks like the hand on a clock to set the angle.
Gradients in other styles have a center point. In the Preview window,
drag the crosshairs to set the center point.
4. Make the gradient pattern repeat several times, if you want.
Increase the number in the Repeats value box.
5. Click OK.
Your chosen gradient appears in the Properties box that you originally
clicked (Foreground or Background) on the Materials palette.

Creating gradients in your choice of colors is easy, although not many pat-
terns are available for that purpose. Choose a foreground or background
color or both as the one or two colors for your gradient. In the gradient
gallery, choose any gradient you like that uses the term foreground or

Creating your own gradient patterns is possible, as is altering the existing
ones, but ” wow! It™s definitely not a Dummies kind of project. If you want to
fool around with the controls, click the Edit button on the Gradient tab in the
Material Properties dialog box to access the Gradient Editor dialog box.
Whoa! Have fun; try dragging the little pointers around, and good luck.

Painting with gradients
Gradients fill a painted area with a series of colors. When you paint with a
gradient by using the Text, Draw, or Preset Shapes tools, or fill with a selec-
tion by using the Flood Fill tool, Paint Shop Pro scales the gradient to fit
within the object you have created or area you have selected. For example,
to apply to the sky in your photo a sunset-like gradient from blue to orange,
select the sky and use the Flood Fill tool. Paint Shop Pro ensures that the full
range of colors (blue to orange) fills the sky area. Or, if you create text and
use a gradient style, the text displays the full range of colors.

If you paint with the Paint Brush or Air Brush tool, however, the gradient is
scaled to the entire image. If you paint with a sunset-like blue-to-orange gradi-
ent, anything painted near the top of the image is blue and anything near the
bottom is orange.

Choosing patterns
Patterns are interesting surface images, like brick or wood, or other more
exotic or creative patterns not found in nature. Their colors are fixed, like
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186 Part III: Painting Pictures

those in a photograph, and are unaffected by your choice of foreground or
background color. The patterns that come with Paint Shop Pro are seamless,
which means that they can maintain an unbroken pattern and fill any area
without appearing like tiles (with distinct edges). The process of choosing a
pattern is much like choosing a gradient.

Click the Foreground (or Background) Properties box on the Color palette,
and in the Material Properties dialog box that appears, select the Pattern tab.
The Pattern tab slightly resembles the Gradient tab, as shown in Figure 10-8,
but it™s not as complicated. A box on the Gradient tab shows a preview of the
selected pattern.

With the pattern tab of the Material Properties dialog box displayed, follow
these steps:

1. Click the down-arrow button to the right of the preview box and
choose from the boffo gallery of patterns that appears.
The preview box now shows your choice.
2. Customize the angle of the pattern by dragging the clock-hand Angle
control to point in any direction.
3. Click OK.
Your chosen pattern appears in the Material box.

To apply a pattern to an existing image, try the Sculpture effect and set its
Depth control to 1. We describe artistic effects and how to use them in
Chapter 13.

Applying a Texture
Textures give a result like rubbing chalk on concrete, or like spraying ink on
your body and rolling on the floor. (Let us know if you try this latter activity ”
and send us a copy.) Paint Shop Pro supplies a variety of textures, such as con-
crete, construction paper, and bricks. When you use one, anything you do with
the Paint Brush, Erase, Airbrush, Fill, Text, Draw, or Preset Shapes tools dis-
plays that texture. Textures don™t change your choice of color and they work
with any style: solid color, gradients, or patterns.

You can apply texture to either the foreground material, the background
material, or both; you can turn textures on or off by clicking the texture
button on the Materials palette (the middle of three tiny buttons under the
Foreground or Background Properties box.)

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Chapter 10: Advanced Painting for the Artiste

Or, you can use the Material Properties dialog box that pops up whenever
you click the Foreground (or Background) Properties box. Texture is nor-
mally turned off (disabled). To use a texture, follow these steps:

1. On the Materials palette, click the Foreground (or Background)
Properties box.
Figure 10-9 shows the dialog box that appears. Regardless of whether
the Material Properties dialog box is asking for color, gradient, or pat-
tern, the texture information is always on the right side.

Figure 10-9:
The Texture
controls are
always on
the right
side of the
dialog box.

2. If the Texture check box isn™t checked, check it.
Or, alternatively, if you don™t want texture right now, uncheck it.
3. Click the down-arrow button to the right of the texture sample.
A gallery of textures appears, as shown in Figure 10-10. Scroll down the
gallery to find a texture you like.
4. Click the texture you want in the gallery.
The gallery disappears and the sample area of the Texture dialog box
shows your chosen texture.
5. Customize the angle or scale of the texture by dragging the controls in
the Preview window.
Textures have an angle setting that allows you to spin it around to point
in any direction you want them to face. In the Preview window, drag the
gadget that looks like the hand on a clock to set the angle.
You can also make the texture larger or smaller by typing different per-
centages in the Scale box; you can shrink the texture to a tiny 10 percent
of its normal size or swell it to a massive 250 percent.

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188 Part III: Painting Pictures

Figure 10-10:
A gallery of
textures to

6. Click OK in the Material Properties dialog box.
The Foreground or Background Properties box you originally clicked dis-
plays your chosen texture, laid over the top of any colors, gradients, or
patterns you have selected.

Now, anything you create or erase appears textured.

Paint Shop Pro remembers the last texture you used ” so even if you stop
using a texture, all you have to do click the appropriate Material box to bring
up this dialog box again and then click the check box to reenable it.

Texture thins your paint
When you use texture, paint goes on thin (with Texture option and, on the Tool Options palette,
low opacity) with each click or stroke. Make set the Opacity option to 100 to erase fully in a
repeated strokes or scribble with your paint tool single stroke.
to build up the thickness.
When you use texture with the Fill tool, make
Do likewise for the eraser: Only a thin layer of repeated clicks if you need to increase the
paint comes off with each pass. Disable the opacity.

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Chapter 10: Advanced Painting for the Artiste

Storing Swatches to Use Again
After you have done all your texturing and gradienting and coloring, some-
times you don™t want to have to re-create it all again the next day. The
Swatches tab in the Materials box also provides a place to store swatches of
material to save the colors and patterns you want to use repeatedly.

To see these swatches, click the Swatch tab on the Materials palette. It™s the
third tab, with the checkerboard icon, and looks like Figure 10-11.

A swatch is a combination of a color and any effects, like textures or patterns,
that you have applied to them. It™s still a material even if you haven™t applied
any textures or patterns to the color.

To save a swatch, follow these steps:

1. Click the Properties box of the material you want to save ” fore-
ground or background.
The Material Properties dialog box appears.
2. Click the Add to Swatches button.
This step displays a dialog box in which you™re asked to name your col-
orful creation. Name it as you like, and then click OK.

Your material is now stored on the Swatches tab, ready to be accessed when-
ever you want. Click OK if you™re done using the Material Properties dialog box.

Alternatively, if you™re not as nearsighted as we are, you can click the tiny
Create New Swatch button instead. It™s the second button on the Swatches
tab of the Materials palette, just under all the swatches. We would reproduce
it here, but it would look just as blobby as it does in real life.

Figure 10-11:
tab ”
swatch this
space for

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190 Part III: Painting Pictures

Using a Stored Material
Using a stored material is so easy that you can do it in two clicks. Of course,
if you have a number of swatches, sorting through them all can be cumber-
some. Follow these steps:

1. Select the Swatches tab on the Materials palette, as shown in
Figure 10-11, in the preceding section.
2. If you need to narrow the number of available swatches in order to
find one, left-click the View button of the Swatches tab and hold the
button down.
A drop-down menu appears, where you can choose one of four options:
all swatches, colors only, gradients only, or patterns only. Choosing one
hides all others until you change the view.
To find out more about each swatch, hover the cursor over the swatch; a
small, informational pop-up message appears, giving you the name of
the swatch in question, the RGB numbers, the types of textures in the
swatch, and the names of the gradients and patterns used.
3. Click the swatch you want to use.
Left-click it if you want it to be in the Foreground Properties; right-click if
you want it to be in the Background Material box. Whatever tool you use
next is now loaded up with that swatch™s material.

Deleting a Stored Material
Deleting a swatch is so easy that it™s scandalous we™re getting paid to tell you
how to do it (don™t worry ” writing the rest of this chapter was darned hard

1. Select the swatch you want to delete.
Remember that you can sort through the swatches if you need to hunt
one down, as discussed in the preceding section.
2. Click the Delete button on the Swatches tab.

Using Pastiches of Pictures
Imagine a paint tube that, rather than contain paint, is crammed with images
that pour out as you squeeze the tube. You now have a good mental image of

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Chapter 10: Advanced Painting for the Artiste

the Paint Shop Pro Picture Tube tool. Paint Shop Pro comes with a gallery of
tubes to use.

Each tube contains a set of images on a particular theme. For example, you
can squeeze out a set of airplanes, butterflies, billiard balls, or coins. Each
individual image in a tube is different. Figure 10-12 shows an illustration that
uses two tubes: various blades of grass and many raindrops.

Picture tubes have several purposes. They can serve as

A source of clip art on various themes
Brushes for interesting textures and shapes, such as grass, fire, or
3-dimensional tubes
Creative painting tools that are sensitive to your brush strokes

Basic tubing
Picture tubing is fundamentally easy. You choose what kind of pictures you
want and click or drag the picture tube across the image. Here are the details:

1. Click the Picture Tube tool (as shown in the margin) on the toolbar.
You may have to wait when you first choose this tool because Paint
Shop Pro loads its cache with pictures. A Cache Status box may briefly

Figure 10-12:
Grazing in a
marsh on a
foggy dawn.
It™s five
minutes of
thanks to
the Picture
Tube™s lawn,
grass, and

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192 Part III: Painting Pictures

2. Choose which picture set you want from the Tool Options palette.
A sample image from the selected picture tube appears next to the
Presets menu. Click the down arrow to the right of that sample to reveal
a gallery of picture tubes of different types. Some picture tube pictures
aren™t much to look at individually, like the 3-D items, but they create
cool effects when you drag your brush. Scroll through those images to
review them, and then click the one you want.
3. Click in the image window to deposit one picture at a time or drag to
paint a line of pictures.
As you click or drag, various pictures similar to the sample you chose
appear at intervals on the image. (If the image isn™t much bigger than an
individual picture, few pictures may appear. See the following section for
instructions on reducing the picture size.)

One common way to use picture tubes is as a sort of randomly chosen clip art
to ornament an illustration. Figure 10-12, for example, uses a single animal
from the Animals image set. Choose a tube and then click the illustration in
various places to drop in some art; press Ctrl+Z if you don™t like one and want
to try the next image. Other tubes are meant to be dragged to create a banner,
like Filmstrip, Rope, and Neon Pink. In Figure 10-12, we used the Lawn tube to
create the basic marsh and the Grass tube to create the tall vegetation.

Adjusting basic tube behavior
If the Picture Tube tool doesn™t deliver images in quite the way you want, you
can change its behavior. Behaviors you can modify include

Picture size: Reduce the number in the Scale value box if the pictures
are too large. Scale is initially set to 100 (percent), the largest setting.
Spacing between pictures: Pictures initially flow off the brush at a cer-
tain preset spacing. Increase the step value on the Tool Options palette
to separate pictures. To jam them together, decrease the value.
Regular or random spacing: The Picture Tube tool is initially set to ran-
domly vary the spacing between pictures as you drag. To make it deliver
an evenly spaced stream of pictures, choose Continuous from the

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