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Placement Mode drop-down menu, on the Tool Options palette.
Picture sequence: The tool is initially set to choose pictures randomly
from its set of images. To have it select images in sequence, choose
Incremental from the Selection Mode drop-down menu, on the Tool
Options palette.
The artist who created the tube determined the sequence. For each
stroke you make, the sequence picks up where you last left off. The tube
doesn™t repeat the initial picture until it has delivered the last picture.

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Chapter 10: Advanced Painting for the Artiste

Angling to follow your brush stroke: Some images, like butterflies, are
ordered so that they angle themselves to follow your brush stroke;
choose Angular under Selection Mode on the Tool Options palette.

Art Media: For Those
Who Miss Real Paint
Those of us who were born while the earth was still cooling remember a
primitive art medium involving suspensions of minerals in oil called paint
and surfaces made of plant fiber called canvas. If you™re nostalgic for the
smell of turpentine, well, go sniff a cleaning rag because Art Media can™t
help you there.

But, if you long to be able to create brush-like strokes, blend colors on a
palette or on your canvas, work with wet paint, brush over dried paint, and
still have all the digital whoop-te-doo of Paint Shop Pro™s digital features,
expose yourself to Art Media!

Art Media is really a separate world in Paint Shop Pro. Art Media uses a spe-
cial tool group on the Tools toolbar, as shown in Figure 10-13. You can use
Art Media tools only on Art Media layers or backgrounds (canvases). This
restriction is consistent: You can use only vector tools (like Rectangle) on
vector layers and only bitmap tools (like the regular paint brush) on bitmap
layers. If you try to use regular tools on an Art Media layer, Paint Shop Pro
asks permission to convert the layer to raster. The good news is that you can
add Art Media layers to an image with regular bitmap layers or vector layers.
To use layers, see Chapter 11.

Art Media would be a great stage name for a TV art instructor. We ask only
1 percent of your royalties. Thank you.

Creating an Art Media canvas or layer
To paint with Art Media, you need an Art Media layer. You can start a new
image by using an Art Media background layer or add an Art Media layer to
an existing image.

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Figure 10-13:
Where the
Art Media
tools live.

Starting a fresh Art Media canvas
To start a new image where Art Media is the background layer (that is, a new
Art Media canvas), follow these steps:

1. Choose File➪New or press Ctrl+N.
The New Image dialog box appears. Determine the settings for image
dimensions. For help, see the section “Starting a Fresh Canvas,” in
Chapter 9.
2. Choose Art Media Background in the Image Characteristics section of
the dialog box.
3. Click the sample square in the Select the Canvas Texture area.
A flyout panel displays different Art Media canvas textures.
4. Click whatever canvas you like.
If you want the canvas to have a color, click the Enable Fill Color check
box; then click the sample square under the check box to bring up the
Color dialog box. See the section “Precise color using the color wheel,”
earlier in this chapter, for help in using the color wheel in this dialog
5. Click OK.
Your new canvas appears.

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Chapter 10: Advanced Painting for the Artiste

Creating an Art Media layer
Art media layers can add “hand-painted” elements to raster and vector
layers. See Color Plate C-10 in the color section of this book for an example.

1. Choose Layers➪New Art Media Layer.
2. In the Art Media layer dialog box that appears, enter a name for your
layer in the Name field.
If you don™t see the Name field, click the General tab in this dialog box.
3. Click the Canvas Texture tab.
4. Click the sample square in the Select the Canvas Texture area.
A flyout panel displays different Art Media canvas textures.
5. Click whatever canvas texture you like.
If you want the layer to have a color, click the Enable Fill Color check
box; then click the sample square under the check box to bring up the
Color dialog box. See the section “Precise color using the color wheel,”
earlier in this chapter, for help in using the color wheel in this dialog
6. Click OK in the New Art Media Layer dialog box.
Your new layer appears.

Pretending that you have real media
Art Media tools, like computer book authors, live in their own, special world
that is as close to reality as technology can achieve. Figure 10-13 shows you
where Art Media hang out on the Tools toolbar. You get a nifty toolbox of oil-
paint brushes, chalk, crayons, pencils, markers, a palette knife, a smearing
tool to keep your fingers clean, and a special eraser that you cannot chew on.

What is it about real paint, chalk, crayon, canvas, and the like that make them
different from digital media? Here are a few characteristics:

Surfaces have texture.
Brushes run out of paint ” how fast depends on how heavily you “load”
the brush. They also can be cleaned between colors ” or not.
Brushes mix paint as you drag them through it.
Brushes have bristles of different firmness and bristle size.
Some tools (like brushes and markers) have thin tips that can give an
effect like a calligraphy tool, depending on how much you rotate the
head as you make a stroke.

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Some tools, like pencils, can mark more heavily on one side of the stroke
than the other if you tilt them. Others, like crayons, may mark more
heavily in the middle.

These are the effects that Art Media tools duplicate ” and pretty well, too.
You set these effects on the Tool Options palette, as you discover in the fol-
lowing sections.

Figure 10-14 shows a little of what you can achieve with Art Media. On the left
is Oil Paint, which shows the natural blending that takes place on wet paint.
The other marks are dry media: chalk, pastel, crayon, colored pencil, and
marker (from left to right).

Figure 10-14:
Some of the
Art Media

For the easiest adjustment of various controls on the Options palette and
elsewhere in Paint Shop Pro, use the slider control where it appears. To the
right of any numerical adjustment is a button with the downward-pointing V.
With your cursor on this V, hold down the left mouse button. A slider appears
with a visual representation of what you™re adjusting (brush size or color, for
example). Drag to the setting you want.

Setting up the basics of your Art Media tool
Before you make a stroke, you at least want to set the tool size on the Tool
Options palette. Press F4 to pop up the Tool Options palette, and adjust the
following settings to your liking:

Size: Adjust the size as you would for any tool: Adjust the Size value up
or down.

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Chapter 10: Advanced Painting for the Artiste

Shape: Shape is also pretty obvious; choose round or square. When you
make a stroke, you don™t see much difference unless, for a square shape,
you choose fixed head tracking (see the bullet in the following section).
Trace: Enabling the Trace check box makes the tool pick up color from
the underlying layer.

If your Art Media tool seems to switch color as soon as you click the canvas,
you may have Trace accidentally selected. Click the check box to clear it and
deselect Trace.

Getting calligraphy-like strokes
If you want calligraphic strokes that get wider and narrower as you go verti-
cally or horizontally, set the following options on the Tool Options palette:

Thickness: Some tools don™t appear to let you set thickness (the control
is grayed out), but, if you set a tool™s head tracking to Fixed Angle, it
allows a thickness adjustment.
Rotation: This control sets the rotation of the tool™s head in degrees.
(Use the slider control to set rotation visually.)
Head tracking: Computer book authors often lose their heads and wish
for head tracking, but, we digress. Head tracking has to do with whether
the tool rotates to give you a constant width as you make a curving
stroke ” or not. For constant width, choose Track Path; for calligraphic-
style work, choose Fixed angle. If you choose Fixed Angle, set the angle
by using the Rotation control.

Controlling colored pencil strokes
Colored pencils make variable-weight strokes depending on how you hold
them. The Tool Options palette offers two styles to “hold” your brush:

Style: Choose Point for a line that is heavier in the center. Choose Tilt for
a line weighted to one side, and Edge for a similar effect, but broader.
Control which side of the line is weighted by stroking up versus down on
a vertical line and left versus right on a horizontal line.
Softness: A higher Softness value produces a line that is denser in the
center than a low Softness value does.

Controlling paint with the Oil Brush and Palette Knife
The Oil Brush (and, to some extent, the Palette Knife) have special controls
that you want to set up on the Tool Options palette:

Paint Loading: A high value means lots of paint on the brush; a low
value means that the brush runs out more quickly.
Viscosity: Viscosity measures how gooey the paint is (as opposed to
runny). High viscosity paint starts out dense but runs dry quickly. Low
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viscosity paint goes on thinner at first but lasts longer on the brush
Auto Clean: This option vacuums your automobile. No, sorry ” if this
check box is enabled, it means that your brush is cleaned of color
between strokes and then dipped in pure foreground color. If you clear
this check box, your brush retains a certain amount of color from the
last stroke.
Clean: Whenever you click Clean, Paint Shop Pro cleans existing color
from your brush and then dips the brush afresh into the foreground

Brush firmness doesn™t make much difference if you™re using a mouse. A
pressure-sensitive pad would allow it to make a difference. The bristle size is
also a bit too subtle for us to care about it. You may find a reason to care.

Erasing and smearing
To erase Art Media, use the Art Eraser. You need several strokes of the eraser
to totally erase Art Media.

The edge is somewhat indistinct. No controls exist to modify the sharpness
of the eraser™s edge or how fast it erases. But, if you click Presets on the Tool
Options palette, you can choose various shapes from the menu that appears.

Sometimes you just want to run your finger through the paint. Paint Shop Pro
gives you the digital finger you need, in the Smear tool. Unlike what you
could achieve with your fingertip, which is pretty round, you can do calli-
graphic smearing by choosing any of various tip shapes from the Presets
menu. See the section “Getting calligraphy-like strokes,” earlier in this chap-
ter, for other controls, like head tracking, that affect artistic use of the Art
Eraser or Smear tool.

Mixing colors on the mixer
Ha! Software vendors have been calling their color-selector thingies “palettes”
for so long that the folks at Jasc got stuck using the term mixer when technol-
ogy finally allowed them to provide a real palette. A real palette is a place
where you can mush colors together with a palette knife to get the color (or
band of colors) you want to use. The Paint Shop Pro version of this feature is
the Mixer.

You can use the mixer with any coloring tool in the art media tool group. To
use the mixer, follow these steps:

1. Choose View➪Palettes➪Mixer or press Shift+F6.
(F6 is the Materials palette, so Shift+F6 makes sense for the Mixer.) The
Mixer palette appears, as shown in Figure 10-15. Use the tube icon to

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Chapter 10: Advanced Painting for the Artiste

pick up and place colors on the Mixer, use the Mixer Knife to mix colors,
and then click the Mixer Dropper on the color you want.
The Mixer palette is misshapen and ugly if it appears docked to the top
of the window. Drag it by its title bar at the left end until it floats.
2. Click the tube icon in the upper-left corner of the Mixer to pick up
some color.

Mixer Tube

Mixer Knife

Mixer Dropper

Figure 10-15:
The Mixer.

3. To pick up color from the Materials palette (press F6 to see that
palette), click any of the colors displayed there.
If you™re in the middle of painting with an Art Media tool, you can pick
up color from the canvas by Ctrl+clicking that color.
4. Click the Mixer to place a spot of color there.
Repeat Steps 3 and 4 to place additional colors in the Mixer. You can
start smearing on the Mixer even while the tube tool is selected.
5. Click the Mixer Knife icon at the top of the Mixer.
6. Smear the paint samples together to create the blend you like.
If you want stripey paint, it™s okay not to thoroughly mix the colors. To
undo a mix, click the Unmix button, at the bottom of the Mixer. To start
with a clean Mixer page, click the New Page button, in the lower-left
7. Click the Mixer Dropper, at the top of the Mixer.
8. Click the Mixer where you like the paint blend.
Notice that the foreground material on the Materials palette reflects
whatever you click ” including stripes! When you use dry media, like
chalk, you can set the pixel size.

Now, you™re ready to paint with your own unique blend of paint.
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The Mixer is larger than you think. To get more room to work, drag the lower-
right corner of the Mixer palette to expand the palette. To see hidden areas of
the Mixer, click the cross-arrow Navigate icon, under the Mixer window and
on the large-scale view of the Mixer that pops up.

Drying and wetting paint
Paint that has been applied to a layer normally smears (very artistically)
when you drag your brush through it. If you don™t want that smearing, dry
the current layer:

Choose Layers➪Dry Art Media Layer. Now, your existing paint doesn™t smear.
New paint that you apply, however, is wet!

If you want to make old paint wet again, choose Layers➪Wet Art Media Layer.

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Chapter 11
Layering Images
In This Chapter
Making layers work for you
Creating layers
Controlling layers with the layer palette
Creating a fresh layer
Choosing the type of layer you need
Doing your work on layers
Making layers behave
Grouping layers together
Splitting or combining images using layers
Adjusting image qualities with adjustment layers
Vector layers of objects, not pixels
Merging layers together

T he old masters of oil painting used layers of paint to give their paintings
great depth and radiance. Now, artistic masters (who all work in Paint
Shop Pro, of course) use layers for another reason: It makes changing stuff
lots easier. It also lets you combine images more easily.

Layers are like transparent sheets of plastic that are laid over an opaque
(nontransparent) background. You can put stuff on the background layer or
on the other, transparent layers.

As simple as this basic idea is, Paint Shop Pro uses it to give you lots of flexi-
bility and power in creating stunning images. To see what using layers can do
for you, read on!

Putting Layers to Work for You
With layers, you can paint, erase, or move things around without worrying
about ruining the underlying image. You can erase a line, for example,
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without erasing the background. You can move an entire object or see how
something looks without permanently committing yourself to it. You can also
combine images in various clever ways.

Because Paint Shop Pro layers are electronic, not physical, they can make
your life easier in other ways, too. Here are just a few special tricks you can
do, besides simply painting, moving, combining, or erasing images:

Select an object painted on a layer without accidentally selecting other
areas of the same color or that underlie that object.
Make an image partly transparent, a sort of ghost on the background.
Switch image objects into or out of the picture, as needed, or quickly
change their stacking order.
Combine layers into one layer, if you™re certain that no more changes are
needed, or lock several layers together temporarily to form a moveable
group of objects.
Make vector layers, which enable you to create basic shapes, text, and
other objects in a special form that lets you easily change their shape.
Make an adjustment layer (a brightening layer, for example) that affects
only the underlying layers and which effect you can vary.
Create the frames of an animation by simply moving one or more layers.
Make layers interact, for special effects. For example, you can subtract

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