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Chapter 5. For example, you may want a picture that appears on your com-
puter screen in a document or a snapshot that needs to be downloaded from
your digital camera.)

Images are easy to deal with in small quantities. In large quantities, however,
they™re challenging to manage. (They™re sort of like kids, in that regard.) This
chapter tells you about the clever Paint Shop Pro features for keeping an eye
on all your graphical progeny, including browsing, previewing, and organizing
files in different orders and in different folders.


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8 Part I: The Basics

Image files come in an amazing variety of file types because many software
geeks over the years have each decided that they know a much better way of
storing an image as a file (a file type). Image files of different types have dif-
ferent multiletter extensions at the end, like .jpg, .png, or .tif. People refer to
them by those extensions, saying “jay-peg” or “jay pee gee” for .jpg or “ping
file” for .png. These file types sometimes behave differently in Paint Shop Pro,
so see the section “Using native and foreign file types,” later in this chapter, if
someone gives you a file that behaves oddly. Fortunately, although you need
to be aware that images come in a variety of file types, most of the time you
don™t have to give a hoot. Paint Shop Pro can crack open most popular types
of image file.




Three Ways to Open Image Files
Paint Shop Pro gives you three ways to open a file:

Browsing (“I™ll know it when I see it”): Choose File➪Browse or press
Ctrl+B. The browser window opens, as shown in the following section,
in Figure 1-1. You open folders in the left panel and double-click tiny pic-
tures in the right panel to open them.
Opening (“I know its name and where it lives”): Choose File➪Open; or,
click the Open button on the toolbar or press Ctrl+O. The Open dialog
box appears, as shown a couple of sections from here, in Figure 1-2.
Double-clicking (“There it is ” open it”): If you see a file listed and it
displays a Paint Shop Pro icon (a tiny artist™s palette), double-click that
puppy and Paint Shop Pro should start up and display the image.

That™s all you need to know ” well, at least most of the time, that™s all. The
following sections give you some additional tricks and tips for opening files in
those three ways.

If you can see the image on your screen, but aren™t sure where the image file
is, see the section in Chapter 5 about capturing images from your PC screen.
Images that appear in a document (a Web page, a Microsoft Word document,
or an Adobe Acrobat document, for example) may not be stored as files on
your computer. (Or, if they are, they may be very hard to find.) You may need
to capture the image off your screen.

For some files, Paint Shop Pro has to translate the image file into a form it can
use. Translation may especially be necessary for vector image files, such as
DXF and WPG. To translate, Paint Shop Pro needs additional information from
you: specifically, how many pixels wide and high you want the image to be.
See the section “Using Vector File Types (Drawing Files),” later in this chap-
ter, for more information.


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Chapter 1: Opening, Viewing, Managing, and Saving Image Files


Opening, Managing, and Sorting
Files with the Browser
We like the Paint Shop Pro browser best for opening files because it also lets
you manage them visually. Do one of the following to open the browser:

Press Ctrl+B.
Click the Browse icon, as shown in the margin. (It™s on the Standard tool-
bar, which runs along the top of the Paint Shop Pro window.)
Choose File➪Browse.
If the Open dialog box is open already, click the Browse button.

Figure 1-1 shows you the Browse window. To close the window when you™re
done, choose File➪Close or press Ctrl+F4.

The left side of the Browse window looks and works like Windows Explorer.
The right side displays, and helps you manage, image files.




Figure 1-1:
Use the
Browse
window to
review and
manage
your image
files
visually.




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10 Part I: The Basics

The following list shows you the details for using the folders on the left side
(if the Find tab shown in Figure 1-1 isn™t displayed, click that tab):

To see what images a folder holds, click the folder. Thumbnail (small)
images appear on the right.
If the folder contains more folders (or subfolders), a + sign appears to its
left. To see those subfolders, click the + sign.
To hide those subfolders again, click the “ sign that now appears where
the + sign did.

Here™s how to open and manage files by using the thumbnails on the right
side:

Open: Double-click the image.
Get image information: Pause your cursor over any thumbnail, as we
did in Figure 1-1. Paint Shop Pro displays basic information near your
cursor. For more detail, click the Info tab in the browser™s left pane.
Rearrange the order that™s displayed: Drag thumbnails where you want
them. You can also sort files by name, date, or other criteria. Follow the
numbered steps that appear after this list.
Move to a different folder: Drag the thumbnail from the right pane to
your destination folder in the left pane.
Copy to a different folder: Drag the thumbnail to another folder while
holding the Ctrl key down.
Create a new folder: In the left panel, click the folder in which you want
to create a new folder. Choose File➪Create New Folder, and in the Create
New Folder dialog box that appears, type your new folder™s name.
Delete: Right-click the file™s thumbnail and choose Delete from the menu
that appears.
Rename: Right-click the file™s thumbnail, choose Rename from the drop-
down menu, and enter a new name in the Rename File dialog box that
appears.
Select several files for opening, moving, copying, or deleting: Hold
down the Ctrl key and click their thumbnail images. To select a series,
left-click the first (or last) image; then hold down the Shift key and click
the last (or first) image. Follow the instructions in the preceding bullets
for opening, moving, copying, or deleting files.

To sort your thumbnails in different ways, follow these steps:

1. Right-click the blank area to the right of the pictures and choose Sort
from the context menu that appears.
The Sorting dialog box appears.

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Chapter 1: Opening, Viewing, Managing, and Saving Image Files

2. Choose Ascending or Descending sort order in the Primary sort order
area of the dialog box.
3. Choose what to sort by in the Sort Condition selection box: file attrib-
utes, such as date, or image attributes, such as dimensions (size).
4. To sort within a sort (such as sorting filenames alphabetically within
each file date), choose your secondary sort criterion by using the
Secondary sort order area of the dialog box. (It works just like the
Primary sort order area.)
5. Click OK to sort.

Files from some cameras now contain EXIF data: detailed and technical infor-
mation for professional photographers about how and when that photograph
was taken. The Paint Shop Pro 9 browser now lets you choose to sort on that
information in the Sort Conditions selection boxes.



Opening the right file with File➪Open
If you know the folder where your file lives, the fastest route to opening the
file is to use the familiar old File➪Open command. (Every program has one.)
As with most programs, you can alternatively press Ctrl+O or click the File
Open button on the toolbar (as shown in the margin of this paragraph).

Figure 1-2 shows you the Open dialog box that appears. As in any program,
you click a filename listed in the Open dialog box and then click Open to
open a file. Paint Shop Pro, however, adds a few special features for working
with images.




Figure 1-2:
The Open
dialog box.




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12 Part I: The Basics




If your file isn™t listed
If the file you want isn™t listed in the File Open the Open dialog box still displays only GIF files.
dialog box, make sure that the wrong file type If you™re looking for a JPG file now, you don™t
isn™t chosen in the Files of Type selection box. see it! Choose All Files in the Files of Type selec-
File type choices are “sticky.” That is, if you tion box to see all files again.
chose last time to display only GIF files, this time



To open more than one file at a time: Hold down the Ctrl button while
clicking filenames, and then click the Open button. Or, to open a bunch
of image files listed sequentially in the Open dialog box, click the first
file, hold down the Shift button, click the last file, and then click the
Open button.
To trim down the list of files to show just one type (if you™re looking
for a GIF file, for example): Click the Files of Type selection box and
choose that type from the many file types Paint Shop Pro can read.
To see information on the image width, height, and color depth:
Click your file and then read the Image Information area of the Open
dialog box.
To see more information about an image you have clicked, such as
date or file size: Click the Details button.



Secrets of opening a file
by double-clicking
If you see an image file listed on your computer ” in a My Computer or
Windows Explorer window, for example ” and it displays the Paint Shop Pro
palette icon, you can open it in Paint Shop Pro by double-clicking that icon.
If you have several images you want to open, double-click each of them sepa-
rately, and they all get a separate window in Paint Shop Pro. You don™t end
up with multiple copies of Paint Shop Pro running.

If you have an image file that Paint Shop Pro doesn™t open when you double-
click it, three things could be responsible:

The file doesn™t have an extension, like .jpg or .gif. This problem often
happens when someone sends you a file from a Macintosh computer.
Use the browsing or File➪Open technique described in the preceding


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Chapter 1: Opening, Viewing, Managing, and Saving Image Files

sections. Or, if you know what kind of file it is (JPEG, for example), right-
click the file and choose Rename from the context menu that appears.
Then type the correct file extension (.jpg for JPEG, for example).
Paint Shop Pro can™t open the file. Paint Shop Pro can open many dif-
ferent types of file, but not all of them.
Paint Shop Pro may not be configured to open that file type. See the
nearby sidebar, “Making Paint Shop Pro open the right file types when
you double-click.”




Making Paint Shop Pro open the right
file types when you double-click
Two problems can occur with double-clicking 2. Click the check boxes to enable or disable
as a way of opening image files: the file types you want opened by Paint
Shop Pro.
Paint Shop Pro may open files that you would
prefer to be opened by some other program. To disable all check boxes, click Remove
For example, if you™re running AutoCAD or All. To enable all check boxes, click Select
another AutoDesk program, you may prefer All. (After that, you can enable or disable
that the AutoDesk program open DXF files check boxes manually, if you like.) To have
because they™re one of AutoDesk™s own file Paint Shop Pro open only the file types that
types. aren™t opened by any other program, click
Select Unused.
Paint Shop Pro may fail to open image files
that you want it to open. For example, you 3. Click OK.
may install new software for a new digital
At this point, Paint Shop Pro is properly set up
camera, and, suddenly, when you double-
to open just the file types you want it to and
click JPG files, some program other than
leave the others alone. The other program you
Paint Shop Pro opens the file.
use, however, may still not be properly set up to
These problems usually occur when you have open the files you want it to open. We can™t give
more than one graphics program. The latest one you much help with that, but we can tell you one
installed may grab all the file types for itself. place to get help: Choose Start➪Help from the
Both problems can be solved the same way. Windows taskbar. In the Help window that
Follow these steps to specify which files are to appears, click the Index tab at the top of the
be opened (or not) by Paint Shop Pro: Help window and then, in the text box in the
upper-left corner of the window, type associat-
1. Choose File➪Preferences➪File Format
ing file. Below that text box, a line appears that
Associations.
reads Associating file extensions
The File Format Associations dialog box (or types) with programs. Double-click
appears. This box directs Windows to open that line to get help with associating file exten-
certain file types by using Paint Shop Pro. sions with your other program.




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14 Part I: The Basics


Viewing and Zooming an Image
Working with images involves a great deal of zooming, or changing the magnifi-
cation of your view. Sometimes you need to work close up, to take that nasty
gleam out of Uncle Charley™s eye, for example (something Aunt Mabel has been
trying to do for years). At other times, you really need to see the whole picture,
but Uncle Charley™s gleaming eye rather scarily fills the whole window.

Zooming doesn™t change the size of an image (in pixels or in inches). It only
changes how big Paint Shop Pro displays the image onscreen.



Zooming and moving an
image in the window
The basic way to zoom in (enlarge the view) or zoom out (see more of the pic-
ture) is to use the Zoom tool. The Zoom tool and its sidekick, the Pan tool, live
in the same position (which we call a tool group) at the top of the Tools toolbar.

Follow these steps to zoom:

1. Click the tiny down-arrow on the top tool group on the Tools toolbar.
Two tools spring out to the right of this button: the Pan tool (the hand)
and the Zoom tool (the magnifying glass).
2. Click the Zoom tool, as shown in the margin.
Your cursor changes to a magnifying glass icon.
3. Click with the zoom tool on the image in this way:
• Click (left-click) to zoom in.
• Right-click to zoom out.

You can choose the Zoom or Pan tool quickly by pressing a single key. Press
the Z key for Zoom. Press the A key for Pan.

If the image gets bigger than the window, use the Pan tool to move the image
around (pan it) in the window. Click the top button on the Tools toolbar, as
you did in Step 1, but this time choose the Pan tool (the hand icon) ” or just
press the A key. Drag the cursor (it™s now displaying a hand icon) on the
image to move the image.

To see the image at its actual size (100 percent), choose View➪Zoom➪
Zoom to 100% or click the button labeled Actual Size on the Tool Options
palette. (The Tool Options palette runs horizontally near the top of the Paint
Shop Pro window and changes depending on the tool you choose. See the
following sidebar about the Tool Options palette.)
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Chapter 1: Opening, Viewing, Managing, and Saving Image Files



The Tool Options palette ” the toolbar-ish
thing that changes a lot
Every time you choose a new tool (from the tool example, with a paintbrush, you set the brush
buttons that run down the left side of the Paint width here. With the Zoom or Pan tool, you can
Shop Pro window), a toolbar changes just choose shortcuts named Zoom more rather
above the image window. (If you™re not sure than click repeatedly to zoom a lot. Each tool
which toolbar it is, press the F4 key repeatedly has too many fiddly bits to cover in detail, so we
to flash the toolbar on or off.) This toolbar, the alert you to any important ones and let you, well,
Tool Options palette, contains all the various fiddle with the rest.
fiddly bits you may want to change on a tool. For



Paint Shop Pro also lets you magnify a portion of the image rather than have
to enlarge the whole thing to see a detail. With either the Pan or Zoom tool
selected, choose View➪Magnifier or press Ctrl+Alt+M. Move your cursor over
an area of the image, and a special 5x Zoom window shows you a close-up
view of that area. Repeat the command to remove the magnifier.



Working on several images at a time
You can open several images at a time in Paint Shop Pro. Each one gets its
own window. Having several images open is useful for tasks such as cutting
and pasting between images. To help manage those windows, use the com-
mands on the Paint Shop Pro Window menu. That menu contains the usual
suspects of nearly all Windows programs: Cascade, Tile (Horizontally or
Vertically), or Close All to close all image files.

Remember that Paint Shop Pro tools and commands apply to only the
image window that™s active (the one with the colored title bar). Click an
image window™s title bar to make that window active and bring it to the front.
Alternatively, you can choose a window by the name of the file it™s displaying,
as listed on the Window menu.




Getting Information about an Image
Simply looking at an image doesn™t tell you the whole story. You may be
asking yourself, “What exactly am I looking at, here? I mean, how big is this
image, really? How many colors? What folder is it from? Is this really Uncle
Fred in Cancun?”


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16 Part I: The Basics

To get information, choose Image➪Image Information from the menu bar or
press Shift+I. The Current Image Information dialog box appears and displays
all available information about this image file.




Saving an Image File
After you™re done working on an image in Paint Shop Pro, you need to save it.
Saving an image in Paint Shop Pro is just as easy as saving a Microsoft Word
document, for example. Choose File➪Save or click the Save button on the
standard toolbar (the floppy disk icon) or press Ctrl+S.

Paint Shop Pro saves (without complaint, in most instances) an image as the
same type (format) of file (JPG, for example) that it was when you opened it. It

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