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“The Tool or Command Doesn™t
Do Anything”
If a tool or command doesn™t seem to do anything as you apply it to an image,
the cause is probably related to selections or layers. Specifically, the problem
may be one of the following:

You have in your image a selected area (called a selection) that you™re
unaware of. Tools and commands are almost always constrained to
working within a selection, if one exists. You™re probably either not
working on, or not looking at, that selection. If you don™t really want
to be working within a selection at the moment, simply press Ctrl+D to
remove the selection.
One reason you may be unaware of this selection is that you have
somehow hidden the selection marquee, the moving dashed line
that indicates a selection™s presence. Choose Selections and exam-
ine the square button next to Hide Marquee on the menu that
appears. If the button has a black outline around it, the marquee is
hidden. Click Hide Marquee to unhide it.
Another reason you may be unaware of the selection is that your
image is larger than the window and the selected area isn™t visible.
Zoom out (right-click with the Zoom tool, the magnifying glass icon
on the tool palette) until you can see the whole image, including
the selection marquee.
You™re mistakenly working on an image layer that™s empty (transparent)
in the area you™re trying to work in. Switch to the background layer and
try the tool again. If that doesn™t work, pause the mouse cursor over the
names of the various layers to see tiny, thumbnail images of the contents
of each layer. Click the layer that contains the content you™re trying to
modify. Refer to Chapter 11 for more help with layers.
You™re painting in exactly the same color as the background you™re
painting on! Change the foreground color or background color (refer
to Chapter 9).

If you have been trying to use a menu command with no apparent effect, you
may have been having an effect within your selection, without knowing it!
When you find the area, check it. If it has been altered unintentionally, press
Ctrl+Z repeatedly until the change goes away.




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“Paint Shop Pro Keeps Asking
Me Confusing Questions!”
Many tools have requirements that have to be met before you can use them;
for example, you can™t use any of the tools from the retouch tool group on an
image that has fewer than 16 million colors, and the Text, Shape, and Pen
tools all require the creation of a new vector layer.

Thankfully, Paint Shop Pro is smart enough to automatically take these
actions whenever you use the appropriate tool; for example, try to dodge or
burn on an image containing fewer than 16 million colors and Paint Shop Pro
automatically increases the number of colors for you.

Sadly, Paint Shop Pro defaults to asking you for confirmation on all these
minor changes ” which is annoying because not only do these questions
sound terrifyingly complex, but you also can™t do what you want until you
click OK anyway. It™s sort of like asking “You can™t leave the house until the
door is open; is it okay if I open it for you?” If you want to go for a Sunday
drive ” or any drive ” chances are that you™re going to say yes.

You can stop all these confusing questions by choosing File➪Preferences➪
General Program Preferences and clicking the Auto Action tab. Then click the
Always All button and click OK; Paint Shop Pro always takes these actions by
default. (If it turns out that you really don™t want to do whatever it was that
Paint Shop Pro did automatically, pressing Ctrl+Z undoes your last action,
complete with any changes that Paint Shop Pro made to accomplish it.)

While you™re there, we may as well tell you how to disable the annoying
splash screen that Paint Shop Pro displays when it™s starting up; click the
Miscellaneous tab and uncheck the box labeled Show Splash Screen When
Application Starts.




“The Tool or Palette Just Isn™t There!”
You can accidentally close or move one of the toolbars or palettes that holds
the tool you need, thus stashing the Paint Brush tool where you can™t get at
it. If you don™t see what you need, choose View➪Toolbars or View➪Palettes
and look for a likely candidate that would contain the tool you™re looking for.
(The main offenders are generally one of these three: View➪Toolbars➪Tools,
View➪Palettes➪Layers, or View➪Palettes➪Materials.)




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If the toolbar or palette is open but has been dragged somewhere that it™s not
supposed to be, its icon on the menu has a thin gray box around it; choose it
twice from the menu to “flash” it, by turning it off and then on so that you
know where it is. If it doesn™t have a box around it, you have accidentally
closed it; select it to open it again.




“The Image Is the Wrong Size Inside
or Outside Paint Shop Pro”
Paint Shop Pro displays an image in different sizes to fit the Paint Shop Pro
window. The program doesn™t change the size of the image ” it just displays
it with a different zoom factor. As a result, an image may look much smaller in
Paint Shop Pro than it does in some other program. To see an image in its
true size in Paint Shop Pro, press Ctrl+Alt+N.

If you need to change the true size of an image ” which is the size it usually
appears in other programs (in Web browsers, for example) ” refer to
Chapter 2. If you need to change its size as it™s printed on paper, refer to
Chapter 14.




“The Paint Doesn™t Come Out Right”
Paint Shop Pro has a Stroke Properties box, which can make life complicated
if you™re not sure what™s going on. The usual result is that you end up apply-
ing paint that isn™t what you had in mind. The best solution is to get a good
grip on the Stroke Property boxes™ features, so turn to Chapter 9 to see how
they™re used. In addition, settings on the Tool Options palette can make paint
come out in unwanted ways. Here are a few specific things to check:

If the paint is too light and kind of dappled, you may be applying a
texture unintentionally. To paint without a texture, see whether the
Texture button (the one in the middle) directly underneath either of the
Stroke Property boxes is indented. If one of them is, click them to reset
them to No Texture.
If the color you™re applying doesn™t match the color in either of the
Foreground or Background Stroke Property boxes, you™re applying a
gradient or pattern, not plain paint. Click and drag down on the Style




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button (the one on the left) directly underneath the Stroke Property
boxes, and drag it up to the solid circle to resume using plain paint.
If paint is too thin or too thick, adjust the opacity on the Tool Options
palette; higher opacity makes a thicker paint.




“New Text Appears Whenever
I Try to Change Text”
The Text tool, in its normal vector mode of operation, lets you click existing
text to change it. When you click, the Text dialog box is supposed to appear
and display the current text so that you can edit it. You have to click right
on the text character, not the space between characters ” not even within a
character™s outline, if that character has no fill! Otherwise, you start creating
new text. The cursor displays an A in brackets, like this, [A], when it™s posi-
tioned correctly for editing text.




“The Text or Shape Comes Out the
Wrong Color, Texture, or Pattern”
Although you may logically expect your text, drawings, and shapes to appear
in the foreground color, sometimes they appear in the background color!
Sometimes, too, the colors can be weak or mottled or otherwise weird. Here™s
what™s going on.

Shapes, drawings, and text are made up of outlines in one color and are filled
with another color. The Stroke Property box controls those colors. The out-
lines are done in the foreground color (or gradient or pattern) and in the
foreground texture ” although outlines can be very thin or even turned off.
In that case, nearly all you can see is the fill color. The fill color is the back-
ground color (or gradient or pattern) and background texture (if any). If the
background Stroke Property is turned off (you see a circle with a slash), you
may see very little ” just the outline.

If patterns, textures, or gradients are unintentionally turned on in the
Foreground or Background Style swatches, the result can be strangely mot-
tled or even nearly invisible.




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To get plain text, choose a background stroke property and then click the
Transparent button (the one on the right), directly underneath the
Foreground Stroke Property box.




“The Magic Wand Tool
Doesn™t Select Well”
The Magic Wand tool, which selects an area based on color (or other pixel
qualities), is sometimes not so magic. What looks like a perfectly uniform
color to you ” one that the wand should be able to select cleanly without
gaps or overlaps into unwanted areas ” is apparently not so uniform. You
may find that when you increase the Tolerance setting, you close the gaps
but get more unwanted areas. Here are a couple of things to try besides fid-
dling with the tolerance:

Try different match modes on the Tool Options palette, by choosing RGB
Value, Color, Hue, or Brightness from the menu.
Don™t fuss any more with the Magic Wand tool. Use it to do the basic
selection job and then use other selection tools to add or subtract from
the selected area. For example, switch to the Freehand tool, set it to
Freehand on the Selection Type menu on the Tool Options palette, and
with the Shift key depressed, drag a circle around any gaps in the selec-
tion. Likewise, hold down the Ctrl key and drag a circle around any
unwanted areas.
Choose Selections➪Modify to fill in gaps, expand or contract your selec-
tion, or exclude specific colors. See Chapter 18 for details about
advanced selection techniques.




“The Tool Works, but Not Like I Want”
The key to a tool™s behavior is its Tool Options palette. For painting tools, it
controls brush size, shape, edge fuzziness, paint thickness, how speckly the
paint comes off, and how close together the individual dots are that make
up a stroke. For other tools, it may also control how the tool chooses which
pixels to operate on (by color, hue, or other attribute) and exactly what effect
the tool has. Refer to Chapter 1 for details about the Tool Options palette,
which you can enable or disable by pressing F4 on the keyboard.




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Sometimes, though, the Tool Options palette hides some options from you
because it doesn™t have enough room; look for a small vertical row of single
gray dots on the palette and hover your mouse over it. If the cursor turns
into a double-headed arrow, Paint Shop Pro is hiding some options from you!
Click and drag the arrow down to reveal all the options this tool has to offer.
(Sometimes, Paint Shop Pro hides things with a small rightward arrow; if
that™s the case, just click it and then look for the vertical dotted row.)




“Paint Shop Pro Doesn™t Open Images!”
Have you ever been in line at a grocery store when some rude person shoved
his way in front of you and took your place? Some programs are equally rude,
but rather than brusquely take your place in line, they take over responsibil-
ity for opening your JPEG, GIF, and PNG files without asking you.

You see, whenever you double-click a file to open it, Windows knows what
kind of file it is and assigns one program to open that file type. Certain poorly
designed programs assign themselves to be that program when you install
them, which can be annoying. To put Paint Shop Pro back in charge, choose
File➪Preferences➪File Format Associations, click Select All, and click OK.
Paint Shop Pro is then your default image handler.

If you™re using Windows XP, double-clicking an image may bring up the
Windows Viewer instead, which gives you a preview of your image; press
Ctrl+E to open it in Paint Shop Pro.




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TEAM LinG - Live, Informative, Non-cost and Genuine !
Chapter 17
Ten Fast Fixes for Photo Failures
In This Chapter
Rotating photos 90 degrees
Removing red-eye
Brightening dark photos
Correcting overexposure
Bringing out dark areas
Removing people or objects from a photo
Adding people or objects
Retouching blemishes
Turning skies blue
Getting more lively colors




D espite all attempts by camera makers to make photography foolproof, we
all still make less-than-perfect pictures. Sometimes, we™re the problem ”
we™re too close or too far away or can™t figure out how to use the camera™s fool-
proofing features. Sometimes, the problem is that reality stubbornly refuses to
comply with our expectations: The sky is overcast, Great-Grandma can™t be
present for the family photo, or management has decided to cancel a product
that appears in the product-line photograph.

Fortunately, Paint Shop Pro has a wide range of solutions, which range from
quick-and-dirty fixes to professional-level retouching. In this chapter, we give
the fastest possible solutions to the most common problems. For more in-
depth looks, check out the chapters in Part II, which tell you everything a
casual hobbyist needs to know about digital photography.




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Rotating Right-Side Up
Photos that lie on their side are a pain in the neck. Don™t put up with it! Take
these simple steps:

1. Press Ctrl+R ” a fast way to pop up the Rotate dialog box.
2. In the Direction area of the dialog box, click either the Right (for
clockwise rotation) or Left (for counterclockwise rotation) option
boxes.
If you have added layers to your photo, click the All Layers check box.
You probably haven™t done so, however, or else your neck would already
be stiff from turning your head sideways!
3. Click OK or press the Enter key on your keyboard.

Chances are, all your sideways photos need rotating in the same direction.
Fortunately, the Rotate dialog box remembers which rotation you chose in
Step 2; for future corrections, all you may need to do is press Ctrl+R and the
Enter key!




Getting the Red Out
Suffering from a little too much red-eye? Photo flashes tend to make the nor-
mally black pupil of the eye glow red. Here™s the fast fix for getting the red
out. It works in nine out of ten cases ” where only the pupil is red and the
iris is unaffected; for tougher cases or more finicky retouching, refer to
Chapter 7. Follow these steps:

1. Choose Adjust➪Photo Fix➪Red-eye Removal.
The Red-eye Removal dialog box appears.
2. In the right preview window, drag the image to center the eye.
3. Click the Zoom In icon (the magnifier with the + sign) repeatedly until
the eye fills the preview windows.
Repeat Step 2 as needed to keep the eye centered.
4. Set the Iris Size option to zero.
This setting should be zero unless the red covers any of the iris (the col-
ored part of the eye). If the red does affect the iris, refer to Chapter 5 for
help.




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5. In the left window, click the red area.
A circle appears in a square frame in the left window. The circle should
be centered on the pupil and cover it to some degree. (If not, refer to
Chapter 5.) In the right window, the red area is partly or entirely obliter-
ated. (If that isn™t true at first, drag the Refine slider a bit to the left.)
6. Drag the Refine slider left until a bit of red reappears and then to the
right just until that red is gone.
7. Click OK.

Repeat these steps for the other eye.




Photos without Enough Flash
If things are looking a bit dim in a photograph, Paint Shop Pro can often
brighten your outlook. Follow these steps for a too-dim photo:

1. Choose Adjust➪Photo Fix➪Fill Flash.
The Fill Flash dialog box springs into action. The photo may already
show sufficient improvement in the sample in the right window. If so,
click OK and skip the rest of these steps.
The preview window on the right shows the result of any changes in this
and the following steps.
2. Choose a Strength.
The Strength bar shows you how much virtual light will be shed on your
darkened scene. Larger numbers equal more light.
(Unfortunately, larger numbers also tend to wash out the rest of the
image and make it pale; if you can™t fix it with the Fill Flash alone, try
reading Chapter 7 for more options.)
3. Click OK.

If the colors appear a bit too washed out after you™re done, see the section
“Making Colors Zippier,” at the end of this chapter.

If this effect doesn™t do the job, check out Chapter 7 for more help with
brightness, contrast, and saturation. Nothing can restore image data that just
isn™t there, however. Things that are way dim will never look natural ” unless
you do some touch-up brushing.

If you can™t see an image well in the right preview window of this dialog box,
click the button with the eye icon to see the effect in the main image window.
Click the button again whenever you want to see the result of your changes.
Refer to Chapter 7 for more help with effect dialog boxes.
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Photos with Too Much Flash

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