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may, however, raise a warning, depending on what changes you have made ”
see the nearby sidebar, “When Paint Shop Pro notes your limitations.”

If you have added text or shapes or overlaid images on your original image,
saving the modified image as a Paint Shop Pro file is a good idea; see the fol-
lowing section.




When Paint Shop Pro notes your limitations
Paint Shop Pro images are sophisticated! They text on a separate layer. If you save the image
can have layers, selections, and as many as 16 as a JPEG file, Paint Shop Pro has to combine
million colors. Many common image types (like all layers into one single layer.
JPEG or GIF) cannot handle layers, selections,
Go ahead and click OK on the query box. The file
or that many colors. If you try to save such a
you create is limited, but the image you have
sophisticated image as one of these more lim-
open in Paint Shop Pro is unaffected. It still has
ited file types, Paint Shop Pro displays the fol-
its advanced features until you close it. We rec-
lowing query box:
ommend that you take this opportunity to also
For example, if you start with a JPEG image and save the image as a Paint Shop Pro file so that
put text on it, Paint Shop Pro normally puts that you can access those layers.




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Chapter 1: Opening, Viewing, Managing, and Saving Image Files


Saving an Image As a
Paint Shop Pro File
Saving your image as a Paint Shop Pro (pspimage) type of file is a good idea,
even if the image started life as a different type or even if you ultimately want
to save the image as a different type.

Paint Shop Pro files are a good choice because, among other things, they
save layers and any current selection you may have made during the editing
process. Most common file types (except the common Photoshop type) don™t
save that stuff. Some file types are lossy (like most JPG varieties), which
means that they may even lose quality.

After you have taken the precaution of making a Paint Shop Pro file, if you
also need a different type of file, save a copy of the image as that other type of
file. If you make subsequent changes to the image, always make the changes
to the Paint Shop Pro file and then make copies of that file in the various file
types you may need.

Follow these steps to save your image as a Paint Shop Pro file:

1. Choose File➪Save As.
The Save As dialog box appears.
2. Click the Save as Type box and select the Paint Shop Pro Image option.
3. Select a folder and type a name for the file.
Do this exactly as you would to save a file in any other Windows program.
4. Click the Save button.

The image is now safely stored as the best file type possible for a Paint Shop
Pro user, with nothing lost.




Saving a Copy of Your File
As Another File Type
After saving an image as a Paint Shop Pro file (refer to the preceding section),
if you also need the image in a different file type, save a copy in that different
file type. Follow these steps to save a copy as another file type:

1. Choose File➪Save Copy As.
The Save Copy As dialog box appears.

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18 Part I: The Basics

2. Select the file type you want from the Save as Type box.
If an Option button appears and isn™t grayed out, it provides access to
variations on your chosen format that can sometimes be useful, like
reducing the file size (compression) or putting the file in a particular
form that somebody needs. This section provides a few examples of
options.
3. Click the Save button.

Keep the following pointers in mind to avoid confusion, disappointment, and
bad hair days:

We recommend that you keep your ongoing work in Paint Shop Pro files
(.pspimage) to avoid losing features like layers. If you need the image as
another file type, use the File➪Save Copy As command and avoid using
File➪Save As.
When you save a copy in a different file type, the open file isn™t affected. It
remains whatever file type it was. For example, if the open file is a Paint
Shop Pro file type and you save a copy as JPEG, the open file remains a
Paint Shop Pro file type. (You can tell by the pspimage extension on the
filename, on the title bar in the image window.)
If you have used layers (or floating selections) and save a copy as some-
thing other than a Paint Shop Pro file, Paint Shop Pro may have to merge
(combine) those layers into a single image. The program displays a
dialog box to warn you if it needs to merge layers into a single image.
(See the nearby sidebar, “When Paint Shop Pro notes your limitations.”)
That merge doesn™t happen to the Paint Shop Pro image you™re working
on ” only to the file copy you™re creating. Don™t worry about the mes-
sage ” just click Yes to proceed.




Saving the Whole Enchilada,
Your Workspace
Got a hot and spicy date? Need to wrap up one Paint Shop Pro project and
start chewing on another?

You can close Paint Shop Pro at any time and go back later to exactly the way
things were: what file you had open, what palettes and tool options you had
chosen ” the whole enchilada. This process is called saving the workspace.
It™s also a good feature if you™re finicky about exactly how the various Paint




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Chapter 1: Opening, Viewing, Managing, and Saving Image Files

Shop Pro controls (palettes and toolbars, for example) are arranged. It™s a
nice way to save different image projects by name.

Follow these steps to save a workspace:

1. Choose File➪Workspace➪Save.
The Save Workspace dialog box makes the scene and lists any work-
spaces you have previously created.
2. Type a name for this workspace in the New Workspace Name text box.
If you want your workspace to include any images you have open, click
to enable the Include Open Images check box.
3. Click the Save button.

If any images are open, Paint Shop Pro prompts you to save them now. If
you™re going out and your PC may crash or your cat may dance on the key-
board, consider clicking Yes.

To restore a previously saved workspace, follow these steps:

1. Choose File➪Workspace➪Load.
A Load Workspace query box may appear and warn you that loading a
workspace replaces your existing workspace settings. It asks whether
you want to save the existing workspace. Click Yes to open the Save
Workspace dialog box we just described. Click No if you don™t care to
save the current workspace.
The Load Workspace dialog box appears and lists workspaces by name.
2. Click the named workspace you want.
3. Click Load.

Paint Shop Pro loads any images that are part of that workspace and restores
all settings.




Using Native and Foreign File Types
Most graphics files are “not from around here”; that is, they™re not Paint Shop
Pro files. Because you may have to open or create these types of files, know-
ing something about file types can be helpful. This section describes a few
of the most popular file types. Each file type is identified by the extension
(ending) it uses. For example, Paint Shop Pro files end with the extension
.pspimage or .psp.



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“How the FPX can I see the TIF, JPG,
DXF, and other extensions?!”
An image file is often referred to by the 3-or-more the extensions, do this: On the Windows desktop,
letter ending (extension) at the end of its file- double-click the My Computer icon. In the
name. The file polecat.tif, for example, is a TIF (or window that appears in Windows XP, choose
TIFF) file. On many computers, Windows is set up Tools➪Folder Options (or in Windows 98, choose
to hide these extensions, which makes your life View➪Folder Options). This command displays
harder when you™re using Paint Shop Pro. If, the Folder Options dialog box. Click the View tab
when you go to open a file in Paint Shop Pro, the there, and under Files and Folders, Hidden Files,
files don™t appear to end with a period and exten- deselect the check box labeled Hide File
sion (such as .psp, .bmp, or .pcx), Windows is Extensions for Known File Types.
hiding valuable information from you.To reveal



Most of the time, you don™t have to do anything special to open a particular
file type or to save your work as that type of file ” and then again, some-
times you do. Paint Shop Pro, in most cases, simply asks you a few questions
to resolve any problems when you™re opening or saving a foreign file type.



Paint Shop Pro files (pspimage or PSP)
The native Paint Shop Pro 9 file type, pspimage, is probably the best choice
for storing your own images. When you save your work as a Paint Shop Pro
file, you can save everything just as it is, including any areas you have
selected with the Paint Shop Pro selection tools, plus your various kinds of
layers, palettes, tool settings (like current brush width), transparency, and
other advanced features. You can pick up almost exactly where you left off.
Paint Shop Pro files can have any color depth (maximum number of colors)
you choose. Pspimage is the latest and greatest of the Paint Shop Pro native
formats; earlier versions used the PSP extension.

Programs other than Paint Shop Pro and Animation Shop don™t often read
Paint Shop Pro files, however. You may need to save a copy of your image in a
different file type for someone who uses other software, like Photoshop. Also,
earlier versions of Paint Shop Pro can™t read later Paint Shop Pro files (Paint
Shop Pro 7 can™t read Paint Shop Pro 9 files, for example.) To create files for
earlier versions of Paint Shop Pro, see the instructions for saving a copy of
your image in the section “Saving a Copy of Your File As Another File Type,”
earlier in this chapter.



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Chapter 1: Opening, Viewing, Managing, and Saving Image Files



Color depth
Color depth refers to the capacity of a given file that the image contains only black and white; 4
type (like GIF) to store a variety of colors. Color bits means that the image can contain 16 colors;
depth is described as either the maximum 8 bits corresponds to 256 colors, and 24 bits
number of colors an image can contain (like 256 means as many as 16 million colors.
colors) or a number of bits. The term 1 bit means




BMP
BMP files are Windows bitmap files; that is, they were designed by Microsoft for
storing images, and many programs under Windows can read and write them.
BMP files can have color depths of 1, 4, 8, or 24 bits. (Set your color depth by
choosing Colors➪Decrease Color Depth or Colors➪Increase Color Depth.)

BMP files that are 24-bit can be quite large. When you save a file as BMP,
you can click the Options button in the Save As (or Save Copy As) dialog
box to choose higher compression (make smaller files). Under Encoding in
the Options dialog box that appears, select RLE and then click OK. (RLE
stands for Run-Length Encoding, a way of making image files smaller.) Now,
when you save the file, Paint Shop Pro asks your permission to switch to a
256-color (8-bit) version of the BMP file. The resulting file is much trimmer
than the original, although the color quality may diminish slightly.



TIFF
TIFF (or TIF) stands for Tag Image File Format (which, of course, tells you
nothing useful). Many graphics programs on the PC and Macintosh can read
and write TIFF files, so it™s a good choice of file type when you don™t know
what kinds of files the other person can read.

TIFF files can be quite large unless you compress them. To compress a TIFF
file, click the Options button when you™re using the Save As or Save Copy
As dialog box. Then choose the LZW Compression option in the Compression
area of the Options dialog box that appears. LZW gives you the best compres-
sion and compatibility with most other programs. (No image quality is lost by
using LZW compression in TIFF files.)




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For advanced users, TIFF is a good choice because it can store information in
not only RGB (red, green, blue) primary colors, but also in CMYK (cyan,
magenta, yellow, and black), which is used for some high-quality printed
images. It can also store advanced data for color accuracy, such as gamma.



GIF
The Web uses CompuServe GIF images all over the place. GIF is the most pop-
ular of three common file types used on the Internet. (JPG and PNG are the
other two.)

Many programs read GIF files. (Older programs may read only the older
GIF standard, GIF87, rather than the newer GIF89a. Paint Shop Pro lets you
choose which standard to use when you™re saving a GIF file ” just click the
Options button in the Save As or Save Copy As dialog box.)

Saving your Paint Shop Pro work as GIF usually means that it loses some-
thing, but perhaps not enough to matter. GIF images have a maximum color
depth of 256 colors, which allows fairly realistic images. That number of
colors, however, isn™t enough to enable Paint Shop Pro to do all operations,
so it may at some point suggest that you let it increase the number of colors.
(See the section “File Types and Auto-Action Messages about Colors,” later in
this chapter.)

GIF enables you to use some special features, such as a transparent color
(which lets the backgrounds of Web pages show through), and interlaced dis-
play (in which the entire image gradually forms as it™s downloaded from the
Web).

A special Paint Shop Pro tool called the GIF Optimizer can help you set trans-
parency and otherwise optimize the image for Web use. See Chapter 15 for
the details of creating GIF files for the Web using this tool.

Some GIF files contain a whole series of images to be displayed as an anima-
tion. You can view these images by using Animation Shop; Paint Shop Pro
shows you only the first image of the series.



JPEG
JPEG (or JPG) stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group, which sounds
impressive. JPEG images are common on the Web for color photographs and
other realistic color images because their files are small (relative to other file
types) and download quickly.



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Chapter 1: Opening, Viewing, Managing, and Saving Image Files

The disadvantage of JPEG is that it uses a kind of compression, called lossy
compression, to make its files small. Lossy compression means that the image
quality is reduced a bit, especially around sharp edges, like text. Storing an
image as a JPEG is kind of like stuffing a pie into a little plastic bag in your
backpack for a hike. If it gets squeezed, the basic taste and nutrition are still
there, and it doesn™t take up lots of space, but you may not like the result.

You can choose just how much squeezing you want in the JPEG format, but
first storing your work in some other format (preferably, PSP) is a good idea.

1. Choose File➪Save Copy As.
The Save Copy As dialog box appears.
2. Select JPEG in the Save As Type box.
3. Click the Options button.
In the Save Options dialog box that appears, drag the Compression
Factor slider to the left for higher quality and larger files, or to the right
for lower-quality and smaller files.
4. Click the Save button.

The geeks at the Joint Photographics Experts Group have also come up with
a lossless (unsqueezed) variety of JPEG. To save your files in this maximum-
quality-but-largest-file-size format, first select JPEG 2000 in the Save As Type
selection box. Then click the Options button, and in the Save Options dialog
box that appears, choose Lossless. Be aware that not all software can read or
display JPEG 2000 files, though.

If you™re reading JPEG files, Paint Shop Pro offers an effect that removes some
image distortions, called artifacts, that result from compression. (See Chapter
6 for instructions for removing JPEG artifacts.)

As with GIF, Paint Shop Pro offers a special tool, the JPEG Optimizer, for
adjusting JPEG images for the Web. See the section in Chapter 15 about
creating JPEG files for the details of fine-tuning JPEG images with this tool.



PNG
PNG (Progressive Network Graphics) was designed to take over for GIF on the
Web, although it™s catching on slowly. It does have some advantages over GIF
and accomplishes the same functions as GIF, so it may yet take over. Because
its main use is Web graphics, we discuss it a bit more in Chapter 15.




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Using Vector File Types (Drawing Files)
Graphics images come in two main flavors: raster (also called bitmap) and
vector. Here are the differences between them:

Raster (bitmap) images are made up of dots (pixels). Most computer
images are of this kind, and Paint Shop Pro is principally designed for
this kind of image. It both reads and writes a wide variety of raster
images.
Vector images are made up of lines, shapes, filled areas, and text. You
can change text, lines, and shapes more easily if they™re stored as vec-
tors than if they™re stored as bitmaps. Although Paint Shop Pro is princi-
pally designed for raster images, it allows you to create vector layers
that contain lines, text, and preset shapes. If you use these layers, store
your image as a Paint Shop Pro file to retain any vector graphics you
create. If you store your images as other file types, PSP may convert
your vector graphics to bitmap form, which may make editing more
difficult.

Vector files are typically created by popular drawing software (as opposed
to painting software). AutoCAD, for example, a popular drafting application,
writes DXF (Drawing eXchange Format) files. Corel Draw writes CDR files, and
Corel WordPerfect uses WPG files. Many other vector file types are in use too.

Like Paint Shop Pro files, some other file types can also contain a mix of
vector and bitmap graphics. These include Windows Enhanced Metafiles
(EMF, a Microsoft Windows standard), Computer Graphics Metafiles (CGM,
a standard by the American National Standards Institute), PICT (a Macintosh
standard), and embedded PostScript (EPS, by Adobe). Some files (like embed-
ded PostScript) may contain in some cases both a bitmap and a vector ver-
sion of the same image.



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