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Opening vector files
Paint Shop Pro can open many kinds of vector (or mixed vector and bitmap)
files. You can also copy drawings, using the Windows Clipboard, from most
vector programs that run under Windows and paste the images into Paint
Shop Pro.

Paint Shop Pro 9 opens many types of vector files and keeps them as vector
files. If you open an AutoCAD DXF file, for example, the lines and other
objects are translated into Paint Shop Pro vector objects.

Because Paint Shop Pro also lets you work with bitmap graphics, however,
whenever you open a vector file, you have to add information about what
size, in pixels, you want the image to be. Paint Shop Pro pops up a dialog box
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Chapter 1: Opening, Viewing, Managing, and Saving Image Files

that requires you to enter dimensions in pixels (or dimensions in inches and
pixels per inch) for the resulting bitmap image. If a Maintain Original Aspect
Ratio check box appears, select it if you want to keep the same proportions
as the original image.

For a PostScript file, for example, Paint Shop Pro displays the PostScript
Renderer dialog box. To enter the page size, we generally find the Bounding
Box option (which refers to the outside of the drawing area) to be the best
solution; for resolution, the 72 dpi that is already entered in the Resolution
box usually does well. The image size you get (in pixels) is the image dimen-
sion (say, 8.5 x 11 inches) times the Resolution (say, 72 dpi, gives you an
image that is 8.5 x 72 pixels wide and 11 x 72 pixels high). For more detail or a
bigger picture, choose a higher resolution.

Because Paint Shop Pro is translating between two different kinds of image
data, it may make a few mistakes that you have to clean up afterward.



Saving vector files ” not
You can™t save pure vector-type image files, such as DXF, in Paint Shop Pro.
You can, however, save your work as one of the file types that is allowed to
contain a mix of vectors and bitmaps, such as EPS or CGM.

In those instances, however, Paint Shop Pro simply stores all your edits as a
bitmap image and stores nothing in the vector part of the EPS, CGM, or other
combined bitmap or vector file. Your vector objects become part of a single
bitmap image. Because no vector objects are stored, a program that handles
only vector graphics may not be able to read the file.




Converting or Renaming Batches of Files
If you have lots of image files and need copies of them in a different file type,
try the Paint Shop Pro batch processing feature. Batch processing also lets
you create an ordered series of related names, like hawaii0001 through
hawaii9579, for your 9,579 vacation photos.

To copy a bunch of files to a new file format, follow these steps:

1. Choose File➪Batch➪Process.
The Batch Process dialog box appears.
2. Click the Browse button at the top of the Batch Process dialog box.
A Select Files dialog box appears.
3. In the Select Files dialog box, open the folder containing your files,
hold down the Ctrl key, and click all the files you want to convert.
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26 Part I: The Basics

4. Click Select to close the Select Files dialog box.
Your selected files are now listed in the Files to Process box of the Batch
Process dialog box. To add files from another folder, repeat Steps 2
and 3.
5. In the Save Options area at the bottom of the Batch Process dialog
box, in the Type selection box, choose the file type you want as the
result of your conversion.
6. To put the newly generated files in a different folder, click the Browse
button at the bottom of the dialog box and choose a new folder.
7. Click the Start button.

In a few seconds or minutes, you have copies in the new file type you need.

To give a bunch of files similar names, differing by only a number (as in
hawaii01, hawaii02, and so on), take these steps:

1. Choose File➪Batch➪Rename.
2. In the Batch Rename dialog box that appears, click the Browse button.
3. In the Select Files dialog box, open the folder containing your files,
hold down the Ctrl key, and click all the files you want to convert.
4. Click Select to close the Select Files dialog box.
Your selected files are now listed in the Files to Process box of the Batch
Rename dialog box. To add files from another folder, repeat Steps 2
and 3.
5. Click the Modify button.
The Modify Filename Format dialog box appears. The idea is to combine
various naming and numbering elements into a sort of formula for Paint
Shop Pro to follow. For example, hawaii50 is a custom text element of
our choosing, followed by a 2-digit sequence.
6. Click an element in the Rename Options panel to choose the first part
of the new name, such as Custom Text.
7. Click the Add button to add that element to your formula, which gets
assembled in the right panel.
Depending on what kind of element you choose, a 1-line text box
appears on the right for you to make a choice or enter some text. We
stick with our simple example. If you have chosen Custom Text, type
your text (hawaii, for example) in the Custom Text box that appears. If
you have chosen Sequence, type a starting number in the Starting
Sequence box that appears; use as many digits as you need for the batch
(type 1 for as many as 9 images and 01 for as many as 99 images). For
today™s date, choose a date format.


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Chapter 1: Opening, Viewing, Managing, and Saving Image Files

8. Repeat Steps 4 and 5 to add more elements. Make sure that one of
your elements is Sequence, or else you™re asking the impossible: for
each file to have the same name.
The order in which you add elements on the right is the order in which
they appear in the filenames.
9. Click OK. When the Batch Rename dialog box returns, select the files
to be converted.
The files are all renamed, and each name includes a different number.



File Types and Auto-Action
Messages about Colors
When you try to use certain Paint Shop Pro features or save your work in a
non“PSP format, you may see an Auto Actions message box from Paint Shop
Pro. For example, you may open a GIF file and want to use one of the Paint
Shop Pro commands on the Adjust or Effects menu. Or, perhaps you want to
add a raster layer to that GIF file. Paint Shop Pro displays an error message
like the one shown in Figure 1-3.



Figure 1-3:
First, Paint
Shop Pro
may need to
improve the
image
quality.



Don™t worry ” be happy; just click OK. The issue is that certain file types,
like GIF, can handle only a limited number of colors (they have limited color
depth) and many Paint Shop Pro features work only on images able to handle
as many as 16 million colors. Paint Shop Pro is offering to create a 16-million-
color image for you so that it can apply the tool you want to use.

If you get one of these messages, and if you later save your work in the origi-
nal, color-limited file type (GIF, for example), you also get a message request-
ing permission to reduce the number of colors back to whatever that type of
file can handle. Simply click OK in whatever dialog box or boxes result, and
you™re likely to be happy with the result.

If you™re a professional and are picky, you understand what™s going on and
can take the necessary steps to control the result. You can always change the
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28 Part I: The Basics

number of colors manually by choosing Image➪Increase Color Depth or
Image➪Decrease Color Depth.

To turn off these messages and always have Paint Shop Pro proceed (or not
proceed), choose File➪Preferences➪General Program Preferences. Click the
Auto Actions tab in the dialog box that appears. For each type of conversion,
you can choose to never do it or to always do it or to have the program
prompt you. Or, click Never All or Always All to never or always do any of the
conversions.




Obtaining Image Files from the Web
The Web is a grab bag of goodies for graphics gurus. Here™s how to get your
hands on these fabulous fruits.

One of the best ways to get graphics is to find a Web site offering them free
and clear. Most of these sites provide instructions for downloading those
image files. Other Web pages may copy-protect their images so that you can™t
use the procedures we list in this section.

To save an image that you™re viewing in your Web browser, use either of these
methods:

Right-click the image and, on the pop-up menu that appears, look for
Save Picture As or a similar choice. You™re prompted for the location on
your hard drive where you want the image saved.
Right-click the image and, on the pop-up menu that appears, choose
Copy. This choice copies the image to the Windows Clipboard; open
Paint Shop Pro and press Ctrl+V to paste the image as a new image.
(Choose the Edit➪Paste command to see ways to paste the image into
another open image.) Save the image by choosing File➪Save.

A fair number of graphics images on the Web have transparent portions,
especially their backgrounds. The transparent parts of these types of image
have a hidden color (typically white), and that color may become visible in
Paint Shop Pro. See Chapter 15 for more information about transparency in
Web images.

Most Web images are one of only a few different file types: GIF, JPEG, or PNG.
GIF and some PNG images are palette images, with a limited number of colors
(typically, 256 colors).

Many animations on the Web are GIF files. You should open animated GIF files
in Animation Shop, not in Paint Shop Pro (which displays only the first frame
of the animation). Some animations are, however, in a private vector format
(Flash) that neither Animation Shop nor Paint Shop Pro can read.
TEAM LinG - Live, Informative, Non-cost and Genuine !
Chapter 2
Getting Bigger, Smaller,
and Turned Around
In This Chapter
Resizing your image
Cropping (trimming edges)
Rotating an image
Getting a mirror image
Flipping an image top for bottom
Creating borders
Making images an exact size




I t happened several times to Alice, of Wonderland fame: She needed to be
bigger or smaller or to change her orientation. Fortunately, you don™t have
to adopt her dubious pharmacological methods ” eating and drinking myste-
riously labeled substances ” to change the size or orientation of your
images.

No, to make your pictures bigger, smaller, rotated, or otherwise reoriented,
you need to indulge in only a few clicks on well-labeled commands or icons.
In this chapter, we illuminate your choices as you navigate the Paint Shop Pro
rabbit hole.

If your image appears smaller than you think it should be when you first open
it, Paint Shop Pro has probably zoomed the image out to fit your window. To
zoom in, click the Zoom (magnifier) tool from the pan and zoom tool group
and then left-click the image.




Getting Sized
Size may not be everything, but it™s important. You don™t need a 1024-x-768-
pixel image, for example (full-screen size on many PCs), for a snapshot of

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30 Part I: The Basics

your new company CEO on your Web site. If you didn™t get an appropriately
sized CEO (okay, an image of a CEO) in the first place, you can trim that
person in Paint Shop Pro. Likewise, if you™re rushing to prepare the opening
screen for a company presentation and the only way you can get a logo is to
scan in the tiny one on your letterhead, Paint Shop Pro can help you size it up
to a more presentable image.

If you™re preparing an image that someone else plans to place in a profession-
ally prepared and printed document, don™t scale it down yourself. Let your
graphics designer or printer do the scaling to suit the printing process.

Start resizing by choosing Image➪Resize or press Shift+S. The Resize dialog
box appears in order to help you size the situation up ” or down (see
Figure 2-1).



Proportioning
The Resize dialog box normally keeps an image™s proportions (relationship of
width to height) constant while you resize. If you set the width, therefore,
Paint Shop Pro sets the height for you (and vice versa). Keeping image pro-
portions constant avoids distortion.




Figure 2-1:
Sizing your
image up ”
or down.

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Chapter 2: Getting Bigger, Smaller, and Turned Around

If you prefer to change the proportions (which distorts your image), you can
click to clear (deselect) the check box labeled Lock Aspect Ratio to 1. (The
box appears checked in Figure 2-1) Paint Shop Pro then lets you set the width
and height independently.



Dimensioning
Using the Resize dialog box (refer to Figure 2-1), you can adjust the size in
one of three ways, all of which do the same thing: change the image™s size in
pixels. Use whichever way suits your mindset:

Specify size in pixels: If you™re using the image on the Web or in e-mail,
you most likely have a pixel size (probably a desired width) in mind.
Select Pixels from the drop-down menu next to the Width and Height
controls and then enter a value for Width (or Height).
Make it X% of its current size: Select Percent from the drop-down menu
next to the Width and Height controls and then enter a Width (or Height)
value. In Figure 2-1, for example, the 66 setting makes the image 2„3 (66
percent) of its current size. To double the image size, use 200.
Make it print bigger or smaller: Select which measurement you want
to use (inches or centimeters) from the menu on the right side and then
use the Width or Height controls in the Print Size section to make the
image print as large as you want. Paint Shop Pro multiplies this physical
size (in inches, for example) by the resolution setting (pixels per inch)
in this dialog box and calculates a new image size in pixels. You can also
change the value in the Resolution text box to adjust the image resolu-
tion (pixels per inch or centimeter). Don™t confuse this setting with the
printer™s resolution (typically, 300 to 600 dpi); see Chapter 14 if you are
confused about printing and resolution!

If your image has several layers and you want them all resized the same,
make sure to check the Resize All Layers check box. If you clear that check
mark, you resize only the active layer. Click OK to make the resizing happen.



Avoiding degradation
Resizing sounds easy: Just make the image bigger or smaller. What™s to think
about? Well, usually, you don™t have to think about anything. Occasionally,
however, your image™s appearance degrades after resizing. It has jagged or
fuzzy edges. These situations call for a little thought.

Behind the resizing issue is another difference between how computers and
humans think. If you want your image to be 25 percent bigger, Paint Shop Pro
has to figure out how to spread 100 pixels over 125 pixels. To get an idea of

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32 Part I: The Basics

the scope of the problem, imagine dividing 100 cookies among 125 kids who
don™t accept broken cookies. Fortunately, Paint Shop Pro is pretty smart, so
you don™t have to smoosh up and bake these cookies again yourself. Unless
you instruct Paint Shop Pro otherwise, it uses the Smart Size feature to make
these decisions ” it chooses the right way to do it based on what your image
looks like.

If your image doesn™t look so hot after resizing, try second-guessing the smart
resizing that Paint Shop Pro uses by default. Press Ctrl+Z to undo the ugly
resizing you just did. Then choose Image➪Resize again. In the Image Resize
dialog box that appears, click the Resize Type selection box to see the spe-
cific choices of ways to resize. Here™s what to do with those choices:

Bicubic Resample: Choose to enlarge a realistic-looking or complex
image (like a photo) or to avoid jagged edges.
Bilinear Resample: Choose to reduce a drawn image, one with well-
defined edges, or one with text.
Pixel Resize: Choose to enlarge a drawn image or one with well-defined
edges. (Paint Shop Pro then simply removes or duplicates pixels in order
to resize.)
Weighted Average: Choose to reduce a drawn image, one with well-
defined edges, or one with text if the Bilinear Resample option doesn™t
work out.

Click OK to proceed with the resizing. If your image doesn™t look better, press
Ctrl+Z to undo the last resize. Choose a different resizing method and try
resizing again.

Bilinear and bicubic resampling work for only 24-bit color images (or
grayscale images). You can use them on fewer-color images by first increas-
ing the color depth to 24-bit: Press Ctrl+Shift+0.




Cropping (Trimming) Your Edges
Is your image a bit shabby around the edges and in need of a trim? You can
improve the composition of many pictures by cropping (trimming) a bit off
the top, bottom, or sides. Often, for example, snapshots are taken from too
far away, so the subject is too small. You can enlarge the image in Paint Shop
Pro, but you also need to trim it so that the overall picture isn™t yards wide.

In a layered image, cropping affects all layers.




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Chapter 2: Getting Bigger, Smaller, and Turned Around

Paint Shop Pro provides a special tool for your crops. Take these steps to
trim your image:

1. Click the Crop tool (shown in the margin) on the Tools toolbar.
The cursor icon displays a set of crosshairs.
2. Visualize a rectangular area that defines the new boundaries of your
image.
For example, if you™re cropping a family photo taken in the backyard,
next to the trash barrels, visualize a rectangle around the family, exclud-
ing the barrels.
3. Move the crosshairs of your cursor to one corner of that visualized
rectangle and then drag diagonally toward the opposite corner.
As you drag, a real rectangle forms and items outside the rectangle are
dimmed. The status bar at the bottom of the Paint Shop Pro window
gives you the exact pixel column and row where the cursor is posi-
tioned, in case you need that information. As you drag, the status bar
also gives you the cursor position and the crop™s size, as shown in
Figure 2-2.
If the cropping rectangle isn™t quite right, you can modify it in one of
these three ways:
• To remove the rectangle and try again, right-click anywhere on the

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