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image. The rectangle disappears.
• To change any side or corner of the rectangle, drag that side or
corner or adjust the edge values on the Tool Options palette, as
indicated in Figure 2-2.
• To position the rectangle, move your cursor within that rectangle;
the cursor becomes a four-headed arrow and you can drag the rec-
tangle to any new location.
4. When the rectangle is correct, double-click anywhere on the image.
Paint Shop Pro crops the image. If you don™t like the result, press Ctrl+Z
to undo the crop and then try these steps again.


To adjust, drag sides by handles. Fine-tune edges.




Figure 2-2:
Cropping a
furry dog.

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34 Part I: The Basics


Getting Turned Around,
Mirrored, or Flipped
We can™t tell you how many people we have seen bending their necks to view
a sideways image! Apart from providing work for chiropractors, this habit
does nobody any good.

Paint Shop Pro makes rotating, mirroring, or flipping an image simple.
Mirrored or flipped images are particularly useful for imaginative work, such
as creating a reflection that isn™t present in the original or making a symmetri-
cal design, such as a floral border. Mirroring can also correct a transparency
that was scanned wrong side up.

Does your image have layers, or have you selected an area? As with many
Paint Shop Pro functions, the mirroring, flipping, and rotating commands
apply to only the active layer. If you have a selected area, mirroring and flip-
ping also restrict themselves to that area.



Rotating
To rotate an image, choose Image➪Rotate➪Free Rotate or press Ctrl+R. The
Rotate dialog box appears, with a variety of option buttons:

To rotate the image clockwise, click Right.
To rotate counterclockwise, click Left.
Choose 90 degrees (a quarter-turn, good for righting sideways images),
180 degrees (a half-turn), or 270 degrees (a three-quarter turn) of rota-
tion, or choose Free (see the next bullet).
To rotate any desired amount, choose Free and enter any rotation (in
degrees) in the highlighted text box.

If you™re rotating an image taken with the camera turned sidewise, just
choose Image➪Rotate➪Rotate Clockwise 90 or Rotate Counterclockwise 90.

Although you can use the Rotate dialog box to straighten an off-kilter photo,
you have a better way: the Straighten tool, which we cover in Chapter 5.

If your image has multiple layers (or if you aren™t sure whether it does) and
you want to rotate the entire image, click to place a check mark in the All
Layers check box in the Rotate dialog box. Otherwise, Paint Shop Pro rotates
only the active layer. Click OK to perform the rotation.



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35
Chapter 2: Getting Bigger, Smaller, and Turned Around

To rotate a portion of an image, select that portion with a selection tool and
then use the Deform tool. See Chapter 3 for help with selection and Chapter 4
to rotate a selection with the Deform tool.



Mirroring and flipping
To mirror an image is to change it as though it were reflected in a mirror held
alongside the image. To flip an image is to exchange top for bottom as though
the mirror were held underneath the image. Note that both transformations
are unique: You can™t achieve the same result by rotating the image!

If your image has layers, the mirroring and flipping commands apply to only
the active layer. If your image has an area selected, these commands float
that selection and then work on only that floating selection. See Chapter 4
for more information about floating selections.

To mirror an image in Paint Shop Pro, choose Image➪Mirror. Your image is
transformed into its mirror image.

To flip an image, choose Image➪Flip. Your image is turned head over heels.




Taking on Borders
Paint Shop Pro can add a border of any color and width to any image. (If your
image uses layers, however, Paint Shop Pro has to merge them. For that
reason, borders are often best left as the last thing you do to your image.) To
create a border around an image, follow these steps:

1. Choose Image➪Add Borders.
The Add Borders dialog box appears. (If Paint Shop Pro first displays a
dialog box warning you that the layers must be merged to proceed, click
OK to proceed.)
2. Choose your color.
Click the color box to bring up the Material Properties dialog box and
then click the shade you want to see surrounding your picture. Click OK.
If this strange array of circles and boxes proves too daunting for you,
check out the section in Chapter 10 about choosing a color for the very
picky, where we explain the Material Properties dialog box.
3. Set your border widths.
For a border that is the same width on all sides, leave the check mark in
the Symmetric check box and enter your border width in the Top, Bottom,
Left, or Right box. (It doesn™t matter which one you use; they all change

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36 Part I: The Basics

together.) For different border widths on all sides, clear the Symmetric
check mark and enter the border widths in all the boxes individually. To
set a border in inches or units other than pixels, choose your preferred
unit from the selection box in the Original Dimensions area.

Click OK. Your image is now larger by the borders you have set.

Borders are no different from any other area of your image; they™re just new
and in all one color.




Achieving a Particular Canvas Size
Paint Shop Pro enables you to expand the canvas size of any image: that is, to
add a border area around the image to achieve a particular image width and
height. The Canvas Size command has the same effect as Add Borders.

“But,” you say, wisely, “if Add Borders does the same thing, why would I
bother with Canvas Size?” You would bother if you were looking to have an
image of a particular size ” and didn™t want to do the arithmetic to calculate
how much border to add to the existing dimensions.

You may use the Canvas Size command, for example, if you™re making a cata-
log using images of various heights and widths and want all the images to be
of uniform height and width. You can™t resize the images because that would
distort them. If you use the Add Borders command, you have to calculate
border widths to fill out each image to the right dimensions. With canvas
sizing, however, you can simply place each image on a uniformly sized
background.

Here™s how:

1. Choose Image➪Canvas Size.
The Canvas Size dialog box makes the scene.
2. Choose your color.
Click the Background swatch in this dialog box to display the Material
Properties dialog box. Choose the shade you want to see surrounding
your picture, and then click OK. (We explain the Material Properties
dialog box in Chapter 10). Alternatively, click with your cursor, which is
now an eyedropper, on any color in your image.
3. Enter in the Width and Height boxes a new width and new height for
your canvas.
These numbers define how big your overall image will be, including its
expanded canvas (borders). A selection box in this area lets you use
units of pixels, inches, centimeters, or millimeters.
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Chapter 2: Getting Bigger, Smaller, and Turned Around

To keep the canvas proportions the same as your original image, check
the Lock Aspect Ratio check box.
4. Choose where you want your image positioned on the canvas.
As you can see in Figure 2-3, you can press one of nine placement but-
tons to select which corner your image will be flush with on the canvas.
(The button in the center centers your image.)
If these ten positions aren™t good enough for you, you can place your
image on the canvas with exacting precision by using the Placement set-
tings. The values in these boxes tell Paint Shop Pro how far away the
image should be from each of the four borders, in whatever units you
chose in Step 3. For example, if you want to set your image so that it™s
20 pixels away from the left side of the new canvas, enter a value of 20
in the Left Placement box.
For artistic purposes, you may want to crop the image at the canvas
edge (an effect called a full bleed). Using negative numbers in any of the
placement boxes places at least part of the image outside the canvas
border and effectively crops it. For example, a value of “20 pixels in the
Left placement box sets your image 20 pixels outside the left border of
the canvas. This action effectively trims 20 pixels off your image™s left
side.




Figure 2-3:
In the
Canvas Size
dialog box,
buttons with
arrows point
to a corner
or edge of
the new
canvas.
Click to
place your
image
against that
edge.



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38 Part I: The Basics

Click OK and your image is mounted on a fresh canvas of your chosen size
and background color. If you™re trying to put lots of variously sized images on
same-size canvases (as in a catalog), you may find it convenient that your
preceding canvas size settings remain as you open each image. Just choose
Image➪Canvas Size for each subsequent image and click OK.




TEAM LinG - Live, Informative, Non-cost and Genuine !
Chapter 3
Selecting Parts of an Image
In This Chapter
Selecting areas
Disabling the selection marquee
Feathering and anti-aliasing
Selecting, deselecting, and inverting
Coping with layers in making and using selections




I f Uncle Dave is the only one looking a bit dark and gloomy in your wedding
picture, how can you lighten him ” and only him ” up? If the model in
your catalog is wearing last spring™s Irish Spring Green sweater, how can you
make it Summer Sunset Magenta without making your model magenta too?

Sometimes, you want Paint Shop Pro to do something to just one portion of
an image, like lighten Uncle Dave or color the model™s sweater, and leave the
rest of the image alone.

The solution is to select an area of the image. Just as you can select some text
that you want to modify in a word processor, you can select an image area to
modify in Paint Shop Pro. With that area selected, you can do, well, nearly
anything Paint Shop Pro can do, such as paint the area, change its color,
improve its contrast, erase it, copy it, or paste it.

You can hand-select an area by outlining it or automatically select an area by
its color. You can even get Paint Shop Pro to help you outline by finding edges.
Paint Shop Pro offers lots of features for getting a selection just right.

Paint Shop Pro has two other features that let you focus your actions on cer-
tain parts: the Background Eraser and layers. If you want to erase around
Uncle Dave, try the Background Eraser (see Chapter 9). Another feature, the
Paint Shop Pro layers, lets you transfer selections to independent layers so
that they can stay independent of the rest of the image (see Chapter 11).




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40 Part I: The Basics

In this chapter, we deal with selecting parts of your image that are raster
(bitmap) images. We don™t, however, deal with the special case of selecting
vector objects. The text and shapes that the Text, Draw, and Preset Shapes
tools make are almost always vector objects. To read about selecting vector
objects, see the section in Chapter 12 about controlling your objects.




Selecting an Area
Selecting is creating a restricted area in which you want Paint Shop Pro to do
its thing ” a sort of construction zone. Paint Shop Pro™s “thing” is whatever
operation you choose, whether it™s moving, changing color, painting, filling,
smudging, filtering, erasing, copying, pasting, or mirroring ” essentially, any
image change Paint Shop Pro can perform. For example, you can select an
elliptical area around Aunt Elizabeth in a group photo, copy that area to the
Windows Clipboard, and then paste it as a new image to create a classical
cameo-style oval image.

If you have layers in your image, selection can be slightly more complicated.
See the section “Avoiding Selection Problems in Layered Images,” later in this
chapter.

The selected area has a moving dashed line, or marquee, around it. Figure 3-1
shows you Alex the Wonder Dog in his very own marquee.


Tool used here for outlining an area
Figure 3-1: Selection tool group
The
dashed-line
marquee
shows you
your
selection.
We created
this
selection
with the
Freehand
(lasso) tool
and chose
the Smart
Edge option
from the
Smart edge
Tool Options Marquee
with freehand tool
palette.
makes outlining
Tool for selecting
easier
an area by color

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41
Chapter 3: Selecting Parts of an Image

The keys to selecting an area lie in two places in Paint Shop Pro:

Selection tools on the Tools toolbar (along the left edge of the Paint
Shop Pro window)
Commands on the Selection menu (on the Paint Shop Pro menu bar)

The three Paint Shop Pro selection tools are in the fifth tool group from the
top of the Tools toolbar, as shown in Figure 3-1. They give you three different
ways to select an area:

Selection: Use the Selection tool to drag a rectangular, circular, or other
regular shape.
Freehand: Use the Freehand tool, as we did in Figure 3-1, to draw an
outline.
Magic Wand: Use the Magic Wand tool to click an area that has a more-
or-less uniform color or brightness.

To make these tools work exactly the way you want, you need to use the Tool
Options palette (press F4 if you don™t see it). The Tool Options palette is
where, in Figure 3-1, you see Smart Edge chosen as the selection type.

You can add to or subtract from a selection with any selection tool, so you
may also find yourself switching between tools to build or carve out a selec-
tion of a particularly tricky shape.

The Selection menu on the menu bar also holds various commands for refin-
ing your selection and coping with technicalities. See the section “Modifying
Your Selection,” later in this chapter.

You may wonder why selecting gets all the attention it does in Paint Shop Pro.
The reason is that making a precise selection is the key to editing a bitmap
image cleanly. Check out Figure 3-2, which shows William™s daughter™s snow
creation, the Snowduck. (What, you didn™t recognize it? See the beak, the
eyes?) It has been selected from a photograph and then copied and pasted
on a white background.




Figure 3-2:
Careful
selection
gives you
the paste
job you
want.

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42 Part I: The Basics

The selection pasted on the right had all the black removed from it, although
a dark gray fringe remains. The figure on the left had the black color range
subtracted from it, and looks much cleaner.



Selecting by outlining: The Freehand tool
We find the Freehand tool to be one of the most useful of the selection tools,
especially in Smart Edge mode. It lets you define the area you want by outlin-
ing. It even helps you with that outlining so that you don™t have to scrutinize
every pixel you include or exclude.

On the Tools toolbar, click the lasso icon (the Freehand tool), as shown in
Figure 3-1. The Tool Options palette then looks something like the one shown
in Figure 3-3. (Press the F4 key to flash the Tool Options palette on or off if
you have misplaced it.)



Figure 3-3:
Four ways
to outline
your selec-
tion with
the lasso
(the Free-
hand tool).



The Freehand tool gives you four ways to snare a selection. From the Selection
type drop-down list, choose whichever of these methods best suits the area

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