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60 Part I: The Basics

To move a selection: Choose any selection tool (Selection, Freehand,
or Magic Wand) and then drag the selection. Selection tool cursors
become 4-headed move arrows when you position them over a selec-
tion, as shown in Figure 4-1. On the Background (main) image layer,
dragging a selection in this way leaves behind background color. The
image on the left in Figure 4-1 shows you the effect.
To float a selection (make it moveable): A floating selection simply means
a moveable one. You can float a selection in one of two ways. When you
click an existing selection with a selection tool (as the preceding bullet
describes), that selection is floated automatically. Alternatively, you can
choose Selections➪Float or press Ctrl+F. Floating a selection in that way
(manually) leaves a copy of it behind. (Note that any floating selection
also appears on the Layer palette.)
To move a selection and leave a copy behind (as the right side of
Figure 4-1 shows you): Float the selection manually first (choose
Selections➪Float or press Ctrl+F) and then move it with the Mover tool
(the 4-headed arrow) or any selection tool.
To defloat the floating selection (or glue it back down): To defloat a
selection, press Ctrl+Shift+F or choose Selections➪Defloat. You can also
deselect (press Ctrl+D) to defloat. The defloating command leaves the
area selected in case you want to do additional work on it. Whichever
way you defloat the image, defloating glues the image down. It™s now
part of the underlying image (or image layer), and its pixels replace
whatever was there. If you move the selection again, you find that the
original underlying pixels are no longer there.

Simply dragging leaves background color

Figure 4-1:
Dragging a
Float the
image first
with Ctrl+F
to drag a

Float, then drag to move a copy

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Chapter 4: Moving, Copying, and Reshaping Parts of Your Image

To delete the selection: Press the Delete key on your keyboard. If the
selection is on the background layer, the Paint Shop Pro background
color appears in the deleted area. If the selection is on a layer, the pixels
within the selection simply go away. (Okay, technically, they™re made
transparent ” same thing.)
To move a floating selection to another layer: Drag the Floating
Selection layer up or down on the Layer palette. (Press F8 to display the
Layer palette if it™s not showing.) Leave the selection immediately above
the layer you ultimately want the selection to join. When you defloat the
selection, it joins the closest underlying (raster) layer.

You can also flip or mirror a selection. See the section in Chapter 2 about get-
ting turned around, mirrored, or flipped for information about using the Flip
and Mirror commands. Both commands leave a copy of the original image
underlying the selection.

Cutting, Copying, and Pasting
from the Windows Clipboard
To make lots of copies of a selection, use the conventional cut, copy, and
paste features that employ the Windows Clipboard. You can use these fea-
tures for copying selections to or from other Windows applications too
because nearly all Windows applications make use of the Clipboard.

If your image has multiple layers, first make sure that you have selected the
right layer to cut, copy, or paste the image you want. Click the layer™s name
on the Layer palette. (Press F8 if the palette isn™t visible). See Chapter 12 for
more help with layers.

Cutting and copying
In Paint Shop Pro, cut and copy work much the same as they do in any Windows
program. First, select an area in your image. Then, do any of these tasks:

Cut a selection: Press Ctrl+X, choose Edit➪Cut, or click the familiar
Windows Cut button (scissors icon) on the Paint Shop Pro toolbar. Paint
Shop Pro places a copy of the selected area on the Windows Clipboard.
If you™re cutting on the main (Background) layer of the image, Paint Shop
Pro fills the cut area with the current background color on the color
palette. On other layers, it leaves behind transparency.

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62 Part I: The Basics

Copy a selection: Press Ctrl+C, choose Edit➪Copy, or click the Copy
button (2-documents icon) on the Paint Shop Pro toolbar. Paint Shop Pro
puts a copy of the selected area (of the active layer) on the Windows
Clipboard. Nothing happens to your image.
Copy a merged selection from a multilayer image: The normal Edit➪
Copy command copies only from the active layer. If your image is made
up of multiple layers, you may want to copy the combined effect of all
layers. If so, choose Edit➪Copy Merged (or press Ctrl+Shift+C).
Cut or copy from other applications: Most Windows applications offer
the same Edit➪Copy and Edit➪Cut commands, so you can place text
or graphics on the Windows Clipboard. Paint Shop Pro enables you to
paste a wide variety of Clipboard content from other programs, such
as text, vector graphics, or raster graphics.

After your selection is on the Windows Clipboard, choose Edit➪Paste to
paste it into Paint Shop Pro (or nearly any other application). When you
choose Edit➪Paste in Paint Shop Pro, however, you get several different
paste options.

If you™re in the habit of using Ctrl+V for pasting in other programs, you need
to retrain yourself. In Paint Shop Pro, Ctrl+V creates a new image rather than
pastes your selection to the existing image, which is what you probably
expect to happen.

One pasting option we cover elsewhere in this book is Paste As New Vector
Selection. This command is used only for pasting text and shapes you create
by using the Paint Shop Pro Text tool and various shape tools. For more
about vectors, see Chapter 12.

For better paste jobs, see the section in Chapter 8 that gives you tips for
natural-looking pastes.

Pasting to create a new
picture: As New Image
The Paste As New Image option creates a new image containing the Clip-
board contents. The image is just big enough to contain whatever is on the
Clipboard. The background of the image is transparent, which means that if
your copied selection isn™t rectangular, you see transparent areas; erasing
also leaves transparency behind.

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Chapter 4: Moving, Copying, and Reshaping Parts of Your Image

Choose Edit➪Paste➪Paste As New Image or press Ctrl+V (the nearly univer-
sal keyboard command for Paste). Your new image appears in a new window.

If you prefer your new image to have a background color or to be slightly
larger than the contents of the Clipboard, create the new image first, sepa-
rately (refer to Chapter 1). Then paste a selection or new layer rather than
use the Paste As New Image command.

Pasting on an existing image:
As New Selection
The Paste As New Selection option pastes the Clipboard contents as a float-
ing selection on your image. This pasting option is the one most people want
for editing an image because it is the simplest and most intuitive.

If your image uses multiple layers, make sure to first activate the layer where
you want to paste (refer to Chapter 12).

Because the selection is floating, you drag the selection to move it anywhere
in the image. To defloat the selection (paste it down on the underlying layer),
press Ctrl+Shift+F or choose Selection➪Defloat. See the earlier section
“Floating, Moving, and Deleting Selections,” for details about moving and
defloating a floating selection.

Pasting for maximum flexibility:
As New Layer
Pasting directly on another image is fine, as far as it goes. For maximum flexi-
bility in making future changes, however, paste on a new layer instead. When
an image is on a layer, you can modify it to your heart™s content without wor-
rying about surrounding or underlying image areas. (In Chapter 12, we dis-
cuss the whys and hows of layers in detail.) Here™s how:

1. If your image already has more than one layer, activate (choose) the
layer above which you want the new layer to appear.
For example, click the layer on the Layer palette to activate it. See
Chapter 12 for more details on activating layers.
2. Choose Edit➪Paste➪Paste As New Layer (or press Ctrl+L).
Your pasted image appears on a layer of its own.

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64 Part I: The Basics

If the background of the image you pasted was transparent, the underlying
image layer shows through those background areas. Otherwise, the pasted
image and its background color fill an opaque rectangle. If you want to delete
the background (make it transparent), use the Magic Wand tool, or another
selection tool, to select it (refer to Chapter 12) and press the Delete key on
your keyboard. Alternatively, see the following section.

Moving or pasting without the background
color: As Transparent Selection
The most straightforward way to move or paste something (a picture of your
kid, for example) without the background is to make sure that you don™t
select the background in the first place! Refer to Chapter 3 for instructions on
making precise selections.

If, however, the background color is uniform (and this is almost never true of
a photograph ” only a painting or drawing), Paste As Transparent Selection
may be faster.

This approach is the same as pasting a new selection, but any color in your
selection that matches the current background color is made transparent.
Suppose that you have painted a black dot on a white canvas. You can select
the dot with a simple rectangular selection, copy and paste it, and not worry
about pasting the surrounding white too. Follow these steps:

1. Make the background color in the Materials dialog box match the
image™s background by right-clicking the background with the drop-
per tool.
2. Select around the thing you want to copy and don™t fret about includ-
ing the background. Use a rectangular selection, if you like.
3. Choose Paste As Transparent Selection (or press Ctrl+Shift+E).

For most work, where the background is somewhat, but not entirely, uniform,
we prefer to remove the background from the selection with the Magic Wand
tool. Refer to Chapter 3 for instructions on using the Magic Wand. Select a
rough area, as described in Step 2. Then, while holding down the Ctrl key,
click the background within that rough area with the Magic Wand. Holding
down the Ctrl key removes whatever you click from the selection. Then, copy
and paste (or move), background-free, to your heart™s content.

Pasting while scaling to fit: Into Selection
If you select an area in your image, you can fit the Clipboard contents exactly
into the height and width of the selection and scale the contents up or down
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Chapter 4: Moving, Copying, and Reshaping Parts of Your Image

as needed. This process is useful for copying the head of Person A onto the
body of Person B because rarely are their heads the same size!

Copy the image you want to paste (for example, the head of Person A from
Photo A) to the Clipboard by choosing Edit➪Copy. Then, select the area
you want to paste into (the head of Person B in Photo B) and choose Edit➪
Paste➪Paste Into Selection. The image doesn™t fit exactly because of irregular
shapes, but you can finesse the edges with other Paint Shop Pro tools.

Resizing, Rotating, Deforming,
and Perspective-izing
Okay, so perspective-izing isn™t a real word. Perspecting? In any event, you
can resize, rotate, deform, or move your selection by using the deformation
tool group, as shown in Figure 4-2.

Figure 4-2:
tool group,
has a

Making a shape look as though it™s seen in perspective is one of the cool
kinds of deformation you can do. You can make a rectangular area, for exam-
ple, look like a wall or road receding into the distance. You can paint a rail-
road track running vertically, flat, as though it™s on a map, and then make it
lie down realistically by applying perspective.

Preparing for deformation
The deformation tools are picky: They need a separate layer (other than the
background layer) to work with. If you™re trying to deform a selection, Paint
Shop Pro asks you whether it™s okay to promote that selection to a layer.

Are you using layers? These tools work on the active layer and encompass all
nontransparent areas in that layer. In other words, if you have a blob of pixels
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66 Part I: The Basics

on a layer, the tool encompasses (rather neatly, in our opinion) just that blob.
If you have multiple blobs separated by transparency, it encompasses all
blobs. If you want to deform just one blob, select it.

Doing the deformation
The easy and fairly intuitive way to make a deformation is by dragging vari-
ous parts of the deformation grid with the Deform tool. See “Deforming by
dragging,” coming up next.

The geeky, but precise, way to do the deformation is in the Deformation
Settings dialog box. See “Deforming by dialog box,” a bit later in this chapter.

Deforming by dragging
Select the Deform tool from the deformation tool group(if it™s grayed out, refer
to the earlier section “Preparing for deformation” for instructions), and your
cursor turns into that icon. Click your selection to get this cool-looking defor-
mation grid with tiny squares (called handles) on it, as shown in Figure 4-3.

Drag anywhere inside grid to move selection

Resizing handles

Figure 4-3:
The Deform
tool™s grid
rotating, and
dragging the

Rotation handle

This figure shows you what to drag for resizing, rotating, or moving the
image. Note that you can move the selection with this tool by dragging any-
where except on one of the handles. (In areas where dragging is possible, the
cursor changes to a 4-way arrow.) Here™s how to do various operations, by
using the handles of the deformation grid:

Resizing or repositioning sides: Adjust the width and height by drag-
ging the handle in the center of any side. Drag corner handles to change
both the height and width at the same time. (The Deform tool provides
no way to automatically keep the proportions constant while you drag,
so see the following section for help.)
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Chapter 4: Moving, Copying, and Reshaping Parts of Your Image

Rotating: Drag the handle, marked Rotation handle in Figure 4-4, in a cir-
cular motion around the center of the grid. (When your cursor is over
the rotation handle, the cursor depicts the pair of curved arrows shown
in the figure. The center of rotation is marked by a square that is at the
face™s nose.) Only the grid rotates until you release the mouse button;
then, the selection rotates.
Adding perspective: In the real world, the farther away an object is, the
smaller it appears to your eye. Here™s how to create that illusion with
your selection so that one end looks farther away:
• To shrink any side of the selection as though it were farther away,
first hold down the Ctrl key. With that key down, drag one of the
two corner handles that terminate the side; drag toward the center
of that side. To expand the side, drag away from the center. The
side shrinks or expands symmetrically about the center (both cor-
ners move). The perspective this distortion creates is symmetrical,
as though your eyes were level with the middle of the selection, as
the left side of Figure 4-5 shows you.
• To shrink or expand any side asymmetrically (move one corner
only), first hold down the Shift key. With that key down, drag a
corner handle toward or away from the center handle of that side.
When you apply this effect to the left or right side, as shown on the
right in Figure 4-5, the result is as though your eyes were at a level
above or below center. For example, to get the illusion of a tall
wall, drag the upper corner down.


Figure 4-4:
the rotation
Drag the
cursor away
from the
rotating to
get more

Rotation handle

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68 Part I: The Basics

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