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personi¬cation, 192
and connection, 62
persons, as parts of persons, 30
anthropology™s. See ˜anthropology™s
new kinds of, 15, 17, 18
relation™
rei¬ed, 121 . See also rei¬cation
form of, 9, 13, 42, 82
perspective, 121 , 123, 126, 139, 140, 153, 158, 184
science™s. See ˜science™s relation™
perspective, Euro-American, 140, 145
relational context, 27, 37
Amazonian. See Amazonian
relational idioms, 8, 31
perspectivism
228 SUBJECT INDEX


also connection and co-implication;
relational knowledge, 7, 8, 11
culture and nature; invention and
relational view of the world, 3, 10, 37, 38, 43,
discovery
76, 169
as ˜third duplex™, 8, 11
relationality, viii, 7, 13, 41 , 46, 48, 84, 121
science, and society, 10, 12, 17, 33, 35, 43, 49,
relations, as concrete and abstract, 64, 70, 71 ,
169, 170
72
policy, 33, 71
categorical and personal, alternative to
tacit or embedded, 33
conceptual and (inter)personal, x, 7, 8,
scienti¬c, approach as, 38, 40, 44
84, 89. See also conceptual and
authorship. See authorship, scienti¬c
(inter)personal relations
knowledge, 9, 11 , 35, 44, 48, 61 , 83, 171
conceptual, 63“64, 66, 67, 69, 75, 84
revolution, 8, 10, 34, 46, 62, 63, 65, 91
intellectual, 75
thinking, 38, 42
non-epistemic, 85“87, 89, 91
˜scienti¬c kinship system™, 12, 46, 67
personal, 64, 66, 67, 75, 84
scientists, as creative, 87. See also invention
procreative, 66
self-construction, 152
social, 64, 75
self-embodiment, 156
to explore, 7
sel¬shness, 17, 19, 25
two forms of, 7, 13, 32, 48, 83, 91
self-organisation, 41 , 63
relationship, 10, 27, 126, 127, 128, 132, 170
self-ownership, 136, 156
˜relative™ (for kinsfolk), 7, 51 , 64, 67
self-verifying, 39
relatives, 31 , 43, 49
several persons, 157, 158, 161
representations, 85, 145
sex-af¬liation, 143
reproduction,68, 70, 105, 137, 143, 147, 148,151 ,
shaman, 144, 197
153, 177
single parent family, 16, 23
reproductive, capacity of, 150
single woman, and IVF, 17
choice, 16
singular person, 126, 145
interest, 147
sister™s child, 122, 125, 130, 140, 154, 159. See also
medicine, 16
maternal kin
rights, 125
˜skin™, as body, 93, 98, 105, 197
technology, 24, 174. See also assisted
skull in a netbag, 123
conception
slavery, 116, 191
responsibility, 28, 30, 33, 36, 61 , 74, 152
social anthropology, 8, 10, 11 , 13, 14, 34, 35, 37,
as author, 61
38, 40, 41 , 42, 43, 47, 62, 83, 130, 131 , 163
in relationships, 53
social anthropology, British, 43
rhetoric, 136
social class. See class
right, of property, 118
social contract, 33. See also science, and
to designs, 189
society
to reproduce, 107, 108, 150, 154
social science, 38, 39, 40
rights, 125, 149, 160. See also human rights
social and biological relations. See biological
ritual, as technique, 121
and social
Romantic individual, 135, 194
sociality, 7, 9
royalties, 138
society, 11 , 13, 15, 18, 42, 43, 157
rules, observance of, 142
society, and nature. See nature, and society
society, and science. See science, and society
sacred objects, 149, 160
Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, 192
same-sex parents, 18
song, 125, 145, 147, 151 , 197
same-sex relations 143, 145, 146, 149
South Paci¬c Commission, 198
scale, 47, 63
sperm donation, 18, 31 , 168
science, 9, 17, 33, 34, 39, 41 , 43, 183
frozen, 191
˜science™s relation™, between the constructed
Spinoza, Benedictus de, 30, 171
and the given, 9, 11 , 13, 62, 63, 84, 184. See
229
SUBJECT INDEX


totems, 144, 146. See emblems
spirit, 127, 148. See also Tamberan
Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property
statistical methods, 38
Rights (TRIPS) agreement, 100
statistical, and mechanical models, 47
trademark, 95
stem cell research, 17
tradition, 89, 118, 129, 131 , 146
stillbirths, 141
tradition, and modernity, 115“116, 129,
structural functionalists, in social
132
anthropology, 40, 41 , 172
traditional knowledge, 149, 160, 199
structuralists, in social anthropology, 40
traditional owners, 160
subject position, 159
transactions, 148
subjectivity, 30, 153
subject and object. See object and subject
˜unclear family™, 22
substance, nurturant and procreative, 83, 126,
UNESCO, 146, 165, 170, 198. See also Universal
127, 142, 143
Declaration
surrogacy arrangements, 32, 52, 55, 57, 77,168,
unilineal descent groups. See descent groups
174
unique points of view, 140
systems, of classi¬cation, 39, 40, 42, 44, 171
unit of comparison, 38
systems, of knowledge, 13, 41
Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity
(UNESCO, 2001), 165
Tabar, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea, 188
Universal Declaration on the Human
Tamberan spirit, 148, 196
Genome and Human Rights (UNESCO,
Tamberan songs, 149, 196“197
1997), 165“6, 170
tangible, and intangible, phenomena, 147, 150
universalism, 114, 131 , 182, 193
taxonomy, 172
validation, 44, 47, 62
technologies, new medical, vii, 10, 18, 25
validation, two kinds of, 34, 48. See also
technology, 84, 92“109, 174, 180, 185, 186
veri¬cation
and nature, 102
Vanuatu, 132, 193, 196
of enchantment, 94“107, 185. See also
veri¬cation, 34, 38, 40, 46, 47, 61 , 65, 83. See
enchantment of technology
also validation
temporality, in bodies, 141
Vezu, Madagascar, 195
text, 105, 106
visiting rights, 16, 24, 31
theft, of authorship, 58
vitality. See life
thing, 63, 89, 152, 154, 156, 161 , 177, 192
in English law, 118“120, 177
warfare, 128
thing-image, 126
Wari™, Amazonia, 83
things, and persons, 111 “133, 191
Warnock Report, on human fertilisation and
as relations, 63
embryology, 18
classes of, 122
wealth, 121 , 123, 127
of the world, 156, 177
Wesley, John 70
personi¬ed, 121
wholeness, of person, 116“125
time, and space, 97
wholes and parts. See parts, and wholes
tissue, fetal, 164
will, 153, 155, 156
tissue, human, 117, 118, 120, 191
World Conference of Science, 169
Tolai, New Britain, Papua New Guinea, 160,
World Council of Indigenous Peoples, 177
199
World Intellectual Property Organisation
tool, of analysis, 6, 7, 8, 9, 42, 83, 84, 90, 94,
(WIPO), 100, 146, 198
163, 180. See also duplex
World Summit on Sustainable Development,
Torrens system of land registration, Australia,
169
198

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