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Uses of marginal notes
XIII.2.1.

can be used to draw attention to certain text passages by marking them
\marginpar{}
with a vertical bar in the margin. The example marking this paragraph was made by
including
\marginpar{\rule[-10.5mm]{1mm}{10mm}}

in the ¬rst line. By de¬ning a macro \query as shown below
\def\query#1#2{\underline{#1}\marginpar{#2}}

we can produce queries. For example LTEX. This query is produced with the following
A
Hey!
Look
command.
For example \query{\LaTeX}{Hey!\\ Look}{}. This ...

Style parameters for marginal notes
XIII.2.2.

The following style parameters may be changed to rede¬ne how marginal notes appear:
Determines the width of the margin box.
\marginparwidth
Sets the separation between the margin box and the edge of the main
\marginparsep
text.
Is the smallest vertical distance between two marginal notes.
\marginparpush

These parameters are all lengths and are assigned new values as usual with the
\setlength command.


ENDNOTES
XIII.3.

Scholarly works usually group notes at the end of each chapter or at the end of the
document. These are called endnotes. Endnotes are not supported in standard LTEX, but
A

they can be created in several ways.
The package endnotes (by John Lavagnino) typesets endnotes in a way similar to
footnotes. It uses an extra external ¬le, with extension .ent, to hold the text of the
endnotes. This ¬le can be deleted after the run since a new version is generated each
time.
With this package you can output your footnotes as endnotes by simply giving the
command:
\renewcommand{\footnote}{\endnote}

The user interface for endnotes is very similar to the one for footnotes after sub-
stituting the word “foot” for “end”. The following example shows the principle of the
use of endnotes, where you save text in memory with the \endnote command, and then
typeset all accumulated text material at a point in the document controlled by the user.

This is simple text.1 This is simple This is simple text.\endnote{The first
text.2 This is simple text.3 endnote.} This is simple text.\endnote{%
The second endnote.} This is simple
Notes
text.\endnote{The third endnote.}
1 The ¬rst endnote.
2 The second endnote.
3 The third endnote. \theendnotes\bigskip
This is some more simple text
This is some more simple text
GNU FREE DOCUMENTATION LICENSE


Version 1.2, November 2002

Copyright c 2000,2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 59 Temple
Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA

Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.


0 PREAMBLE

The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other functional and
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149
150 FOOTNOTES, MARGINPARS, ENDNOTES
XIII. AND


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A

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“Preserve the Title” of such a section when you modify the Document means that it
151
ENDNOTES
XIII.3.


remains a section “Entitled XYZ” according to this de¬nition.

The Document may include Warranty Disclaimers next to the notice which states that
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(2) VERBATIM COPYING

You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either commercially or
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(3) COPYING IN QUANTITY

If you publish printed copies (or copies in media that commonly have printed cov-
ers) of the Document, numbering more than 100, and the Document™s license notice
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If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to ¬t legibly, you should put
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If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document numbering more than
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It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the Document well
152 FOOTNOTES, MARGINPARS, ENDNOTES
XIII. AND


before redistributing any large number of copies, to give them a chance to provide
you with an updated version of the Document.


(4) MODIFICATIONS

You may copy and distribute a Modi¬ed Version of the Document under the condi-
tions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you release the Modi¬ed Version under
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(B) List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or entities responsible for
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(D) Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.
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(K) For any section Entitled “Acknowledgements” or “Dedications”, Preserve the Ti-
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(L) Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document, unaltered in their text and
in their titles. Section numbers or the equivalent are not considered part of the
section titles.
(M) Delete any section Entitled “Endorsements”. Such a section may not be included
in the Modi¬ed Version.
(N) Do not retitle any existing section to be Entitled “Endorsements” or to con¬‚ict in
title with any Invariant Section.
153
ENDNOTES
XIII.3.


(O) Preserve any Warranty Disclaimers.


If the Modi¬ed Version includes new front-matter sections or appendices that qualify
as Secondary Sections and contain no material copied from the Document, you may
at your option designate some or all of these sections as invariant. To do this, add
their titles to the list of Invariant Sections in the Modi¬ed Version™s license notice.
These titles must be distinct from any other section titles.

You may add a section Entitled “Endorsements”, provided it contains nothing but en-
dorsements of your Modi¬ed Version by various parties”for example, statements of
peer review or that the text has been approved by an organization as the authoritative
de¬nition of a standard.

You may add a passage of up to ¬ve words as a Front-Cover Text, and a passage of up
to 25 words as a Back-Cover Text, to the end of the list of Cover Texts in the Modi¬ed
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includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by you or by arrangement
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added the old one.

The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this License give permission
to use their names for publicity for or to assert or imply endorsement of any Modi¬ed
Version.

(5) COMBINING DOCUMENTS

You may combine the Document with other documents released under this License,
under the terms de¬ned in section 4 above for modi¬ed versions, provided that you
include in the combination all of the Invariant Sections of all of the original docu-
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its license notice, and that you preserve all their Warranty Disclaimers.

The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and multiple identical
Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single copy. If there are multiple Invariant
Sections with the same name but different contents, make the title of each such sec-
tion unique by adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the original author
or publisher of that section if known, or else a unique number. Make the same ad-
justment to the section titles in the list of Invariant Sections in the license notice of
the combined work.

In the combination, you must combine any sections Entitled “History” in the various
original documents, forming one section Entitled “History”; likewise combine any
sections Entitled “Acknowledgements”, and any sections Entitled “Dedications”. You
must delete all sections Entitled “Endorsements.”


(6) COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS

You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents released
under this License, and replace the individual copies of this License in the various
154 FOOTNOTES, MARGINPARS, ENDNOTES
XIII. AND


documents with a single copy that is included in the collection, provided that you
follow the rules of this License for verbatim copying of each of the documents in all
other respects.

You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute it individu-
ally under this License, provided you insert a copy of this License into the extracted
document, and follow this License in all other respects regarding verbatim copying of
that document.

(7) AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS

A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other separate and independent
documents or works, in or on a volume of a storage or distribution medium, is called
an “aggregate” if the copyright resulting from the compilation is not used to limit
the legal rights of the compilation™s users beyond what the individual works permit.
When the Document is included an aggregate, this License does not apply to the other
works in the aggregate which are not themselves derivative works of the Document.

If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these copies of the Doc-
ument, then if the Document is less than one half of the entire aggregate, the Docu-
ment™s Cover Texts may be placed on covers that bracket the Document within the
aggregate, or the electronic equivalent of covers if the Document is in electronic form.
Otherwise they must appear on printed covers that bracket the whole aggregate.


(8) TRANSLATION

Translation is considered a kind of modi¬cation, so you may distribute translations of
the Document under the terms of section 4. Replacing Invariant Sections with trans-
lations requires special permission from their copyright holders, but you may include
translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the original versions of
these Invariant Sections. You may include a translation of this License, and all the
license notices in the Document, and any Warrany Disclaimers, provided that you
also include the original English version of this License and the original versions of
those notices and disclaimers. In case of a disagreement between the translation and
the original version of this License or a notice or disclaimer, the original version will
prevail.

If a section in the Document is Entitled “Acknowledgements”, “Dedications”, or
“History”, the requirement (section 4) to Preserve its Title (section 1) will typically
require changing the actual title.


(9) TERMINATION

You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except as expressly
provided for under this License. Any other attempt to copy, modify, sublicense or
distribute the Document is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under
this License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under
this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in
full compliance.
155
ENDNOTES
XIII.3.


(10) FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE

The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions of the GNU Free
Documentation License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit
to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.

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