<< . .

. 50
( : 51)



. . >>

Newman, W. A. and Mickelson, D. M., 1994, Genesis of Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-11, scale
Boston Harbor drumlins, Massachusetts, Sedimentary 1:12,000 and 1:24,000.
Geology, 91, 333--43. Peckham, S. D., 1995, New results for self-similar trees
Nicolis, C. and Nicolis, G., 1984, Is there a climatic with applications to river networks, Water Resources
attractor?, Nature, 311, 529--32. Research, 31, 1023--9.
North, G., Cahalan, R., and Moeng, R., 1981, Energy Pelletier, J. D., 1997, Analysis and modeling of the
balance climate models, Reviews of Geophysics, 19, natural variability of climate, Journal of Climate, 10,
90--121. 1331--42.
Nye, J. F., 1951, The ¬‚ow of glaciers and ice-sheets as a Pelletier, J. D., 2003, Coherence resonance and ice
problem in plasticity, Proceedings of the Royal Society ages, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108,
of London Series A, 207, 554--70. doi:10.1029/2002JD003120.
Nye, J. F., 1952, The mechanics of glacier ¬‚ow, Journal Pelletier, J. D., 2004a, Estimation of three-dimensional
of Glaciology, 2, 82--93. ¬‚exural-isostatic response to unloading: Rock uplift
O™Callaghan, J. F. and Mark, D. M., 1984, The due to Late Cenozoic glacial erosion in the western
extraction of drainage networks from digital US, Geology, 32, 161--4.
elevation data, Computer Vision Graphics and Image Pelletier, J. D., 2004b, How do spiral troughs form on
Processesing, 28, 323--44. Mars?, Geology, 32, 365--7.
Oerlemans, J., 1980a, Continental ice sheets and the Pelletier, J. D., 2004c, The in¬‚uence of piedmont
planetary radiation budget, Quaternary Research, 14, deposition on time scales of mountain-belt
349--59. denudation, Geophysical Research Letters, 31,
Oerlemans, J., 1980b, Model experiments on doi:10.1019/2004GL020052.
the 100,000 year glacial cycle, Nature, 287, Pelletier, J. D., 2004d, Persistent drainage migration in
430--2. a numerical landform evolution model, Geophysical
Ohmori, H. and Hirano, M., 1988, Magnitude, Research Letters, 31, doi:10.1029/2004GL020802.
frequency, and geomorphological signi¬cance of Pelletier, J. D., 2006, Sensitivity of playa
rocky mud ¬‚ows, landcreep, and the collapse of windblown-dust emissions to climatic and
steep slopes, Zeitschrift f¨r Geomorphologie N. F., 67,
u anthropogenic change, Journal of Arid Environments,
66, 62--75.
55--65.
Pelletier, J. D., 2007a, A Cantor set model of eolian
Ohmori, H. and Sugai, T., 1995, Toward
dust accumulation on desert alluvial fan terraces,
geomorphometric models for estimating landslide
Geology, 35, 439--42.
dynamics and forecasting landslide occurrence in
Japanese mountains, Zeitschrift f¨r Geomorphologie N.
u Pelletier, J. D., 2007b, Erosion-rate determination from
F., 101, 149--64. foreland basin geometry, Geology, 35, 5--8.
Packard, F., 1974, The hydraulic geometry of a Pelletier, J. D., 2007c, Numerical modeling of the
discontinuous ephemeral stream on a bajada near Cenozoic ¬‚uvial evolution of the southern Sierra
REFERENCES 285


Pinet, P. and Souriau, M., 1988, Continental erosion
Nevada, California, Earth and Planetary Science Letters,
and large-scale relief, Tectonics, 7, 563--82.
259, 85--96.
Poage, M. A. and Chamberlain, C. P., 2002, Stable
Pelletier, J. D., Cline, M. L., and DeLong, S. B., 2007,
isotope evidence for a Pre-Middle Miocene rain
Desert pavement dynamics: Numerical modeling
shadow in the western Basin and Range:
and ¬eld-based calibration, Earth Surface Processes
Implications for the paleotopography of the Sierra
and Landforms, 32, 1913--27.
Nevada, Tectonics, 21, 1601--18.
Pelletier, J. D., Cline, M. L., DeLong, S. B., Harrington,
C. D., and Keating, G. N., 2008, Dispersion of Pollard, D., 1983, A coupled climate-ice sheet model
channel-sediment contaminants in ¬‚uvial systems: applied to the Quaternary ice ages, Journal of
Application to tephra redistribution following a Geophysical Research, 88, 7705--18.
potential volcanic eruption at Yucca Mountain, Pope, G. L., Rigas, P. D., and Smith, C. F., 1998,
Geomorphology, 94, 226--46. Statistical summaries of stream¬‚ow data and
Pelletier, J. D. and Cook, J. P., 2005, Deposition of characteristics of drainage basins for selected
playa windblown dust over geologic time scales, stream¬‚ow-gaging stations in Arizona through
Geology, 33, 909--12. water year 1996, US Geological Survey Water
Pelletier, J. D. and DeLong, S., 2004, Oscillations in Resources Investigations Report 98-4225,
arid alluvial channels, Geology, 32, 713--16. Washington, DC.
Pelletier, J. D., DeLong, S., Al Suwaidi, A. H., et al., Porter, S. C., Pierce, K. L., and Hamilton, T. D., 1983,
2006, Evolution of the Bonneville shoreline scarp Late Wisconsin mountain glaciation in the western
in west-central Utah: Comparison of scarp-analysis United States. In Wright, H. E., Jr. and Porter, S. C.,
methods and implications for the diffusion eds., Late Quaternary Environments of the United States,
model of hillslope evolution, Geomorphology, 74, Vol. 1, Minneapolis, Minnesota, University of
257--70. Minnesota Press, pp. 71--115.
Pelletier, J. D., Harrington, C. D., Whitney, J. W., et al., Press, W. H., Flannery, B. P., Teukolsky, S. A., and
2005a, Geomorphic control of radionuclide Vetterling, W. T., 1992, Numerical Recipes in C: The Art
diffusion in desert soils. Geophysical Research Letters, of Scientific Computing, 2nd edition, New York,
32, doi:10:1029/2005GL024347. Cambridge University Press.
Pelletier, J. D., Malamud, B. D., Blodgett, T., and Press, W. H., Flannery, B. P., Teukolsky, S. A., and
Turcotte, D. L., 1997, Scale-invariance of soil Vetterling, W. T., 2007, Numerical Recipes in C: The Art
moisture variability and its implications for the of Scientific Computing, 3rd edition, New York,
frequency-size distribution of landslides, Engineering Cambridge University Press.
Geology, 48, 255--68. Pye, K., 1987, Aeolian Dust and Dust Deposits, London,
Pelletier, J. D., Mayer, L., Pearthree, P. A., et al., 2005b, Academic Press.
An integrated approach to alluvial-fan ¬‚ood hazard Raupach, M. R., Gillette, D. A., and Leys, J. F., 1993,
assessment with numerical modeling, ¬eld The effect of roughness elements on wind
mapping, and remote sensing, Geological Society of erosion threshold, Journal of Geophysical Research, 98,
America Bulletin, 117, 1167--80. 3023--9.
Pelletier, J. D. and Turcotte, D. L., 1997, Long-range Rawls, W. J., Ahuja, L. R., Brakensiek, D. L., and
persistence in climatological and hydrological time Sirmohammadi, A., 1992, In¬ltration and soil water
series: Analysis, modeling, and application to movement. In Maidment, D. R., ed., Handbook of
drought hazard assessment, Journal of Hydrology, Hydrology, New York, McGraw-Hill, pp. 5.1--5.62.
203, 198--208. Reeh, N., 1982, A plasticity-theory approach to the
Pelletier, J. D. and Turcotte, D. L., 1999, Self-af¬ne steady-state shape of a three-dimensional ice sheet,
time series: II. Applications and models, Advances in Journal of Glaciology, 28, 431--55.
Geophysics, 40, 91--166. Reeh, N., 1984, Reconstruction of the ice covers of
Peltier, W. R., 1994, Ice-age paleotopography, Science, Greenland and the Canadian Arctic Islands by
265, 198--201. 3-dimensional, perfectly plastic ice-sheet modeling,
Petit, J. R., Jouzel, J., Raynaud, D., et al., 1990, Annals of Glaciology, 5, 115--21.
Paleoclimatological implications of the Vostok core Reheis, M. C., Slate, J. L., Throckmorton, C. K., et al.,
dust record, Nature, 343, 56--8. 1996, Late-Quaternary sedimentation on the Leidy
Peixoto, J. P. and Oort, A. H., 1992, Physics of Climate, Creek fan, Nevada-California: Geomorphic responses
Washington, DC, American Institute of Physics. to climate change, Basin Research, 12, 279--99.
286 REFERENCES


Sadler, P. M., 1981, Sediment accumulation rates and
Reheis, M., 1999, Extent of Pleistocene Lakes in the Western
the completeness of stratigraphic sections, Journal of
Great Basin, US Geological Survey Miscellaneous
Geology, 89, 569--84.
Field Studies Map MF-2323, Denver, Colorado, US
Sadler, P. M. and Strauss, D. J., 1990, Estimation of
Geological Survey.
completeness of stratigraphic sections using
Reheis, M. C., 2006, A 16-year record of eolian dust in
Southern Nevada and California, USA: Controls on empirical data and theoretical models, Journal of the
dust generation and accumulation, Journal of Arid Geological Society of London, 147, 471--85.
Environments, 67, 487--520. Safran, E. B., Bierman, P. R., Aalto, R., et al., 2005,
Reheis, M. C., Goodmacher, J. C., Harden, J. W., et al., Erosion rates driven by channel network incision in
1995, Quaternary soils and dust deposition in the Bolivian Andes, Earth Surface Processes and
southern Nevada and California, Geological Society of Landforms, 30, 1007--24.
America Bulletin, 107, 1003--22. Samet, J. M., Dominici, F., Curriero, F. C., Cousac, I.,
Reneau, S. L., Drakos, P. G., Katzmann, D. L., et al., and Zeger, S. L., 2000, Fine particulate air pollution
2004, Geomorphic controls on contaminant and mortality in 20 US cities, 1987--1994, New
distribution along an ephemeral stream, Earth England Journal of Medicine, 343, 1742--9.
Surface Processes and Landforms, 29, 1209--23. Schoof, C., 2002, Mathematical models of glacier
Reynolds, R. L., Yount, J. C., Reheis, M., et al., 2007, sliding and drumlin formation, D. Phil. Thesis,
Dust emission from wet and dry playas in the Oxford University, Oxford.
Mojave Desert, USA, Earth Surface Processes and Schumm, S. A., 1977, The Fluvial System, New York, John
Landforms, 32, 1811--27. Wiley & Sons.
Rhoads, B. L. and Welford, M. R., 1991, Initiation of Schumm, S. A. and Hadley, R. F., 1957, Arroyos and
river meandering, Progress in Physical Geography, 15, the semiarid cycle of erosion, American Journal of
127--56. Science, 255, 161--74.
Richardson, W. R., 2002, Simpli¬ed model for Schumm, S. A. and Parker, R. S., 1973, Implications of
assessing meander bend migration rates, Journal of complex response of drainage systems for
Hydraulic Engineering, 128, 1094--7. Quaternary alluvial stratigraphy, Nature, 243,
Ridky, R. W. and Bindschadler, R. A., 1990, 99--100.
Reconstruction and dynamics of the Late Wisconsin Shao, Y. and Raupach, M. R., 1993, Effect of saltation
˜˜Ontario™™ ice dome in the Finger Lakes region, New bombardment on the entrainment of dust by wind,
York, Geological Society of America Bulletin, 102, Journal of Geophysical Research, 98, 12719--26.
1055--64. Sharp, R. P., 1963, Wind ripples, Journal of Geology, 71,
Riebe, C. S., Kirchner, J. W., Granger, D. E., and Finkel, 617--36.
R. C., 2000, Erosional equilibrium and Shepard, R. G., 1985, Regression analysis of river
disequilibrium in the Sierra Nevada, California, pro¬les, Journal of Geology, 93, 377--84.
Geology, 28, 803--6. Sinha, S. K. and Parker, G., 1996, Causes of concavity
Riebe, C. S., Kirchner, J. W., Granger, D. E., and Finkel, in longitudinal pro¬les of rivers, Water Resources
R. C., 2001, Minimal climatic control on erosion Research, 32, 1417--28.
rates in the Sierra Nevada, California, Geology, 29, Sklar, L. and Dietrich, W. E., 2001, Sediment and rock
447--50. strength controls on river incision into bedrock,
Rodriguez-Iturbe, I., Vogel, G. K., Rigon, R., Entekhabi, Geology, 29, 1087--90.
D., and Rinaldo, A., 1995, On the spatial Sklar, L. and Dietrich, W. E., 2004, A mechanistic
organization of soil moisture ¬elds, Geophysical model for river incision into bedrock by saltating
Research Letters, 22, 2757--60. bedload, Water Resources Research, 40,
Roering, J. J., Kirchner, J. W., and Dietrich, W. E., 1999, doi:10.1029/2003WR002496.
Evidence for nonlinear, diffusive sediment Slingerland, R. L. and Snow, R. S., 1987, Mathematical
transport and implications for landscape modeling of graded river pro¬les, Journal of Geology,
morphology, Water Resources Research, 35, 853--70. 95, 15--33.
Ruxton, B. P. and McDougall, I., 1967, Denudation Small, E. E., Anderson, R. S., Repka, J. L., and Finkel,
rates in northeast Papua New Guinea from R., 1997, Erosion rates of alpine bedrock summit
surfaces deduced from 10 Be and 26 Al, Earth and
Potassium-Argon dating of lavas, American Journal of
Science, 265, 545--61. Planetary Science Letters, 150, 413--25.
REFERENCES 287


California, revealed by cosmogenic dating of cave
Smalley, I. J. and Unwin, D. J., 1968, The formation
sediments, Geology, 32, 193--6.
and shape of drumlins and their distribution and
Stock, G. M., Anderson, R. S., and Finkel, R. C., 2005,
orientation in drumlin ¬elds, Journal of Glaciology, 7,
Rates of erosion and topographic evolution of the
377--90.
Sierra Nevada, California, inferred from cosmogenic
Smith, F. B., 1962, The problem of deposition in
26
Al and 10 Be concentrations, Earth Surface Processes
atmospheric diffusion of particulate matter, Journal
of Atmospheric Sciences, 19, 429--34. and Landforms, 30, 985--1006.
Smith, R. B., 2003, Advection, diffusion, and Stommel, H., 1965, The Gulf Stream, Berkeley,
deposition from distributed sources, Boundary-Layer California, University of California Press.
Meteorology, 107, 273--87. Strudley, M. W., Murray, A. B., and Haff, P. K., 2006,
Smolarkiewicz, P. K., 1983, A simple positive de¬nite Regolith-thickness instability and the formation of
advection scheme with small implicit diffusion, tors in arid environments, Journal of Geophysical
Monthly Weather Review, 111, 479--86. Research, 111, doi:10.1029/2005JF000405.
Snyder, N., Whipple, K. X., Tucker, G., and Merritts, D., Summer¬eld, M. A. and Hulton, N. J., 1994, Natural
2000, Landscape response to tectonic forcing: DEM controls on ¬‚uvial denudation rates in major world
analysis of stream pro¬les in the Mendocino triple drainage basins, Journal of Geophysical Research, 99,
junction region, northern California, Geological 13871--83.
Society of America Bulletin, 112, 1250--63. Takle, E. S. and Brown, J. M., 1978, Note on use of
Sonder, L. J. and Jones, C. H., 1999, Western United Weibull statistics to characterize wind-speed data,
States extention: How the West was widened, Annual Journal of Applied Meteorology, 17, 556--9.
Reviews of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 27, 417--62. Tarboton, D. G., 1997, A new method for the
Spaulding, W. G., 1990, Vegetation dynamics during determination of ¬‚ow directions and upslope areas
the last deglaciation, southeastern Great Basin, in grid digital elevation models, Water Resources
USA, Quatenary Research, 33, 188--203. Research, 33, 309--19.
Spiegelman, M., 1993, Flow in deformable porous Terzaghi, K., 1962, Stability of steep slopes on hard
media. Part 1: Simple analysis, Journal of Fluid unweathered rock, Geotechnique, 12, 251--70.
Mechanics, 247, 17--38. Tokunaga, E., 1984, Ordering of divide segments and
Spiegelman, M. and McKenzie, D., 1987, Simple 2-D law of divide segment numbers, Transactions of the
models for melt extraction at mid-ocean ridges and Japanese Geomorphological Union, 5, 71--7.
island arcs, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 83, Tomkin, J. H. and Braun, J., 2002, The in¬‚uence of
137--52. alpine glaciation on the relief of tectonically active
Spiegelman, M., Keleman, P. B., and Aharonov, E., mountain belts, American Journal of Science, 302,
2001, Causes and consequences of ¬‚ow organization 169--90.
during melt transport: The reaction in¬ltration Tsimring, L. S. and Pikovsky, A., 2001, Noise-induced
instability, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, dynamics in bistable systems with delay, Physical
2061--78. Review Letters, 87, n. 250602.
Squires, R. R. and Young, R. L. 1984, Flood Potential of Tucker, G. E. and Bras, R. L., 1998, Hillslope processes,
Fortymile Wash and its Principal Southwestern drainage density, and landscape morphology, Water
Tributaries, Nevada Test Site, Southern Nevada, US Resources Research, 34, 2751--64.
Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Tulaczyk, S., Kamb, W. B., and Engelhardt, H. F., 2000,
Report 83-4001, Carson City, Nevada, US Geological Basal mechanics of Ice Stream B, West Antarctica: 2,
Survey. Undrained plastic bed model, Journal of Geophysical
Stanford, S. D. and Mickelson, D. M., 1985, Till fabric Research, 105, 483--94.
and deformational structures in drumlins near Turcotte, D. L. and Schubert, G., 2002, Geodynamics:
Waukesha, Wisconsin, USA, Journal of Glaciology, 31, Applications of Continuum Physics to Geological Problems,
220--8. 2nd edition, New York, Cambridge University Press.
Stark, C. P. and Hovius, N., 2001, The characterization United States Geological Survey, 2005, Southwest
of landslide size distributions, Geophysical Research Climate Impact Meteorological Stations (CLIM-MET),
Letters, 28, 1091--4. Digital data available at
Stock, G. M., Anderson, R. S., and Finkel, R. C., 2004, http://esp.cr.usgs.gov/info/sw/clim-met/
Pace of landscape evolution in the Sierra Nevada, climetdata.html.
288 REFERENCES


along the San Andreas Fault, unpublished Ph.D.
Unruh, J. R., 1991, The uplift of the Sierra Nevada and
dissertation, California Institute of Technology,
implications for late Cenozoic epeirogeny in the
Pasadena, CA, pp. 99--190.
western Cordillera, Geological Society of America
Wells, S. G., McFadden, L. D., Poths, J., and Olinger, C.
Bulletin, 103, 1395--404.
T., 1995, Cosmogenic 3 He surface-exposure dating of
Ussami, N., Shiraiwa, S., and Dominguez, J. M., 1999,
Basement reactivation in a sub-Andean foreland stone pavements: Implications for landscape
¬‚exural bulge: The Pantanal wetland: SW Brazil, evolution in deserts, Geology, 23, 613--16.
Tectonics, 18, 25--39. Werner, B. T., 1995, Eolian dunes: Computer
Valentine, G. A., Krier, D., Perry, F. V., and Heiken, G., simulations and attractor interpretation, Geology,
2005, Scoria cone construction mechanisms, 23, 1107--10.
Geology, 33, 629--32. Western Regional Climate Center (Desert Research
Van Genuchten, M. Th., 1980, A closed-form equation Institute), 2005, Station Wind Rose: Amargosa Valley
for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of Nevada, Digital data available at www.wrcc.dri.edu/
unsaturated soils, Soil Science Society of America cgi-bin/wea windrose.pl?nvamar.
Journal, 44, 892--8. Whipple, K. X. and Tucker, G. E., 1999, Dynamics of
van Kampen, N. G., 2001, Stochastic Processes in Physics the stream-power river incision model: Implications
and Chemistry, Amsterdam, Elsevier. for height limits of mountain ranges, landscape
van Wees, J. D. and Cloetingh, S., 1994, A response timescales, and research needs, Journal of
¬nite-difference technique to incorporate spatial Geophysical Research, 104, 17661--74.
variations in rigidity and planar faults into 3-D Whipple, K. X., Hancock, G. S., and Anderson, R. S.,
models for lithospheric ¬‚exure, Geophysical Journal 2000, River incision into bedrock: Mechanics and
International, 117, 179--95. relative ef¬cacy of plucking, abrasion, and
Vialov, S. S., 1958, Regularities of glacial shields cavitation, Geological Society of America Bulletin, 112,
movement and the theory of plastic viscous ¬‚ow, 490--503.
International Association for Hydrological Sciences Whipple, K. X., Kirby, E., and Brocklehurst, S. H., 1999,
Publication, 47, 266--75. Geomorphic limits to climate-induced increases in
von Engeln, O. D., 1961, The Finger Lakes Region: Its topographic relief, Nature, 401, 39--43.
Origin and Nature, Ithaca, New York, Cornell Whitney, J. W., Taylor, E. M., and Wesling, J. R., 2004,
University Press. Quaternary stratigraphy and mapping in the Yucca
Voss, R. F. and Clarke, J., 1976, Flicker (1/ f ) noise: Mountain area. In Keefer, W. R., et al., eds.,
Equilibrium temperature and resistance Quaternary Paleoseismology and Stratigraphy of the Yucca
¬‚uctuations, Physical Review B, 13, 556--73. Mountain Area, Nevada, US Geological Survey
Wakabayashi, J. and Sawyer, T. L., 2001, Stream Professional Paper 1689, Washington, DC, pp. 11--23.
incision, tectonics, uplift, and evolution of Whitehouse, I. E. and Grif¬ths, G. A., 1983, Frequency
topography of the Sierra Nevada, California, Journal and hazard of large rock avalanches in the central
of Geology, 109, 539--62. Southern Alps, New Zealand, Geology, 11, 331--4.
Warrick, A. W., 1988, Additional solutions for Whittecar, G. R. and Mickelson, D. M., 1979,
steady-state evaporation from a shallow water table, Composition, internal structures, and a hypothesis
Soil Science, 146, 63--6. of formation for drumlins, Waukesha County,
Watts, A. B., 2001, Isostasy and Flexure of the Lithosphere, Wisconsin, USA, Journal of Glaciology, 22, 357--70.
New York, Cambridge University Press. Wieczoreck, G. F., 1987, Effect of rainfall intensity and
Watts, A. B., Lamb, S. H., Fairhead, J. D., and Dewey, J. duration on debris ¬‚ows in central Santa Cruz
F., 1995, Lithospheric ¬‚exure and bending of the Mountains, California. In Costa, J. E. and Wieczorek,
central Andes, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 134, G. F., eds., Debris Flows/Avalanches: Process, Recognition,
9--21. and Mitigation: Reviews of Engineering Geology, 7, pp.
Webb, R. W., 1946, Geomorphology of the middle Kern 93--104.
River Basin, southern Sierra Nevada, California, Willett, S. D., Slingerland, R., and Hovius, N., 2001,
Geological Society of America Bulletin, 57, 355--82. Uplift, shortening, and steady-state topography in
Weldon, R. J., 1986, The cause and timing of terrace active mountain belts, American Journal of Science,
formation in Cajon Creek, southern California. In 301, 455--85.
Weldon, R. J., The late Cenozoic geology of Pajon Willgoose, G., Bras, R. L., and Rodriguez-Iturbe, I.,
Pass: Implications for tectonics and sedimentation 1991, A coupled channel network growth and
REFERENCES 289


hillslope evolution model: 1. Theory, Water Resources Young, M. H., McDonald, E. V., Caldwell, T. C., Benner,
Research, 27, 1671--84. S. G., and Meadows, D. G., 2004, Hydraulic
Wilson, I. G., 1972, Aeolian bedforms: Their properties of a desert soil chronosequence, Mojave
development and origins, Sedimentology, 19, Desert, California, Vadose Zone Journal, 3, 956--63.
173--210. Zelcs, V. and Driemanis, A., 1997, Morphology,
Winfree, A. T., 1987, When Time Breaks Down, Princeton, internal structure, and genesis of the Burtnieks
New Jersey, Princeton University Press. drumlin ¬eld, Northern Vidzeme, Latvia,
Wobus, C. W., Crosby, B. T., and Whipple, K. X., 2006, Sedimentary Geology, 111, 73--90.
Hanging valleys in ¬‚uvial systems: Controls on Zhang, P., Molnar, P., and Downs, W. R., 2001,
occurrence and implications for landscape Increased sedimentation rates and grain sizes 2--4
evolution, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, Myr ago due to the in¬‚uence of climate change on
doi:10.1029/2005JF000406. erosion rates, Nature, 410, 891--7.
Index

avalanche, 244 Amargosa Valley coupled evolution with alluvial
calculatealongchannelslope, 239 example of dust emission from channels
computeflexure, 249 playas, 13, 53 models for, 101--103
fillinpitsandflats, 235 Lathrop Wells cone introduction to, 4
fourn, 258 age of, 79 plucking, 4
hillslopediffusioninit, 244 diffusive evolution of, 51 sediment ¬‚ux driven model
hillslopediffusion, 229 study site for contaminant behavior of in block-uplift
malloc.h, 222 dispersion model, 79--83 example, 94
math.h, 222 study site for ¬‚ood hazard code for 2D implementation,
nr.h, 222 assessment, 73 248
nrutil.h, 222 study site for potential ¬‚uvial introduction to, 6, 94
realft, 256 system contamination, 75 role in model of perisistent
setupgridneighborsperiodic, 224 study site for radionuclide mountain belt topography,
setupgridneighbors, 223 dispersion in soils, 46 105--107
setupmatrices, 249 Andes, 119 sediment ¬‚ux driven model
stdio.h, 222 best-¬t ¬‚exural parameter of, 113 application to the Sierra
stdlib.h, 222 Cordillera Real Nevada, 96--101
3DEM, 223 glacial erosion and exhumation stream power model
of, 28 application to the Sierra
advection equation example of 1D ¬‚exure solution, Nevada, 96--101
analytic methods for, 88--90 113 as a type of advection equation,
contrasting behavior to diffusion example of 2D ¬‚exure solution, 87
equation, 31, 87 115 behavior of in block-uplift
introduction to, 87 example of curvature effects in 2D example, 94
method of characteristics, 88 ¬‚exure, 116 code for 2D implementation,
numerical methods for, 90--93 example of foreland basin model, 243
Lax method, 91 119--120 introduction to, 5
stability criteria, 91 landslide distributions from, 209 role in model of persistent
Two-step Lax--Wendroff method, use as a paleo analog for western mountain belt topography,
91 US, 1 105--107
upwind differencing method, Antarctic ice sheet Bessel function
92 introduction to, 20 code for numerical integration,
alluvial channels model reconstruction of, 138 232
diffusion equation model of, Appalachian Mountains, 101 code for summing series solutions
8, 102 arid cycle of erosion, 169 for volcanic cones, 233
introduction to, 4 arroyos, 169 use of for modeling diffusive
alluvial fan ASHPLUME plume deposition model, evolution of cinder cones, 49
cut and ¬ll cycles on, 38 83 boundary condition
introduction to, 9 introduction to, 34
windblown sand transport across, balance velocity method, for ice boundary conditions
17 velocities, 136, 149 periodic vs. ¬xed, 223
Alternating Direction Implicit (ADI) basal sliding Brooks Range
method introduction to, 20 glacier model reconstruction of,
code for 2D implementation of Basin and Range, 1--2 146
diffusion equation, 229 Beartooth Mountains
code for 2D implementation to cirques of, 27 channel head
solve ¬‚exure equation, 259 bedload transport, 8, 171 de¬nition of, 4
introduction to, 63 bedrock channels channel meandering, 164
use of to solve the 2D ¬‚exure abrasion, 4 introduction to, 164
equation, 122 cavitation, 4 model of, 165--166
INDEX 291


channel oscillations introduction to, 15 application to Amargosa Valley,
code for implementation, 270 role in trapping windblown dust, 54--57
model for, 169--173 15, 194 introduction to, 14
observations of, 169, 173 role of parent-material texture in,
cinder cones 15 elasticity, see ¬‚exure
use of diffusion equation for, deterministic models entrainment
49--51 limitations of, 188 introduction to, 14
cirques, 27 diffusion equation eolian dunes
climate oscillations analytic methods for, 34--57 barchans
ice ages as one part of a more complex how they form, 19
model for, 210--220 model, 32 introduction to, 18
role in modulating sediment model for hillslope evolution longitudinal
production from drainage introduction to, 3 how they form, 19
basins, 11 requirements for applicability, relationship to ripples and
role of in controlling dust 30, 33 megadunes, 18
emission, 194 nondimensionalization of, 37 role of grain size in, 18
coherence resonance use in foreland basin modeling, role of sand supply and
introduction to, 211 116 wind-direction variability in,
model for ice ages with stochastic noise, 191--193 18
code implementing the model, Diffusion-Limited Aggregation (DLA) spacing of, 168
277 application to drainage network Werner™s model, 166--169
compaction, see deformable porous evolution, 198 code for implementation, 267
media diffusivity introduction to, 19
complementary error function typical values for western US, 33 equilibrium line altitude (ELA)
de¬nition of, 37 units of, 30 introduction to, 26
conservation of mass discretization late Miocene lowering of, 29
role in the diffusion model of introduction to, 57 localized erosion beneath, 27
landform evolution, 9, 30, 170 divides map of in the western US, 121
contaminant dispersion in ¬‚uvial no-¬‚ux boundary condition, 2, 34 role in model of cirque formation,
systems drainage density 27
introduction to, 74 de¬nition of, 4 erosion rates
previous work on, 75 role in producing sediment-¬‚ux determined by cosmogenic
role of bed scour in, 77 variations through time, 10 isotopes, see cosmogenic
cosmogenic isotopes role of in contaminant dispersion isotopes
erosion rates in Sierra Nevada, 93 model, 77 relationships with elevation and
role in dating fan terraces, 10 use of to distinguish channels relief, 101, 103
role in understanding hillslope from hillslopes in 2D error function
evolution, 3 drainage network evolution de¬nition of, 37
Crank--Nicholson method, 62 modeling, 96 use of for modeling radionuclide
droughts, 191 concentrations in soil, 48
D∞ ¬‚ow routing, 68 drumlins use of in solutions for scarp
debris ¬‚ow controls on geometry, 182 evolution, 43
rheology of, 22 introduction to, 23, 174 Eulerian vs. Lagrangian methods,
deformable porous media, 174 role of sediment deformation in 90
delivery ratio, sediment, 119 creating, 174 excitable media, 185
delta progradation stratigraphy of, 182 explicit vs. implicit numerical
diffusion equation model for, use of to reconstruct ice ¬‚ow methods, 58, 62
51--53 directions, 23 extension
dendrochronology dust cycle, 53, 194 role in Basin and Range
use of to infer channel bank importance of, 14 topography, 1
migration rates, 166 introduction to, 13
desert pavement open system nature of, 13 fault scarps
coevolution with dust deposition, dust transport and deposition application of the diffusion
15 model of equation to, 42--45
292 INDEX

<< . .

. 50
( : 51)



. . >>