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. 11
( : 20)



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mfl sxona amMHaKa
nnn suxona "
B M ˜ C T H M O CamMHaKy, n
no T ˜
Macca. KI.

B 3 a K P b l T b l X C U C T e M a X M O X H O U C I l O J I b 3 0 B a T b 3TM Xe XOJlOAMJIbHbIe
a r p e r a T b 1 , nonodpas K HUM K O X Y X O T P Y ˜ H ˜M C n a p M T e J l b MTT ( ˜ a 6 n . 13.2).
I˜˜
O A H ˜ K O C T a H O B K a X AJlR O X J l a X A e H M R BOAbl MJlU P a C C O J l a qenecoo6pa3˜ee
BY
U C n O J l b 3 O B a T b H e c6opsbre, a K O M n J l e K C H b l e ( 6 n o s ˜ b l e )XOJlOnMJlbHble M a U M H b l
13.3).
C B ˜ I C O K OC˜ ˜ I l e H b l o ˜ ˜ B O A C KTOTOBHOCTkf ( ˜ a 6 n .
O˜˜
Te
B H Y T P ˜ HUHaMeTP KOXYXB
HH˜˜
H TonuHHa ero CTeHKH, M M 600 X 8 600X 8 800x8 800x8 l o o o x 10
6ln
216
'4˜cno rpyb 386
916 386
qncno xonos 8 8 8 8
8
,ln˜˜a 4000 5000 4000 5000 4000
rpy6. MW

nnamerp ycnosnoro npohuna
mryuepos, M M
xnanoHocnrenR (axon, stdxon) 100 125 150 150 200
XnanlrrHTn




nnnna
lUHpUHa
BblCOTa
Macca. Kr




B˜yrpennnRnnaMerp Komyxa
n ronunna ero CTeHKU. M M IOOOXlO 1200x12 l(iOOX16 1800X20 1800x20
qncno rpy6 616 670 827 1059 1059
q˜˜cnox
xonos 8 4 2; 4; 8 2; 4; 8 2; 4; 8; 10
nnnna rpyb, M M 5000 6000 6000 6000 8000
llna˜rrpycnosnoro npoxuna
mryuepos, M M
x.˜ano˜ocnrenu(sxon, s ˜ x o n ) 200 250 300 400 400
xnanarenra
80
32 40 80 $0
BXO˜
150 200 250 300 300
BHXO˜
2.4 4.8 6.4 8.5 11.4
06ae˜˜exrpy6Horonpoc˜pancrea,M.'
Ta6apnr˜uepasmeptd, M M



Macca. 6300 7800 '23800 29760 37620
KT


Y C T ˜ H O B K YB10, AB30 u
M XOJIOAUJlbHbIe M a U I U H b I MBT14-1-0, MBT20-1-0,
pa6o˜alomueH a x n a n a r e H T e R12, n p e n ˜ a 3 ˜ a q e A n Rl n o n y Y e H u R < < J I ˜ A R H o ˜ ˜
˜b
B O A ˜ I > > e ˜ n e p a ˜ y p 1 - 2"C, ucnonbsye˜oii n R o x n a x n e H u R M o n o K a H a
˜ oii n
MOJIO.IHOTOBapHblX @ e p ˜ a x B I I y H K T a X I I ˜ ˜ B u ˜ O o ˜ ˜˜ ˜ O MOJlOKa.
U H˜˜ TKU
\ M M M ˜ ˜ H XOJIOAUJIbHbIe MaUUHbI CP˜AHC?˜˜ IlPOU3BOAMTeJIbHOCTU
˜I˜
MI\ 1'22-7-2, MKT45-7-2, MKT80-7-2, a T a K X e K f l y n ˜ b l ea M M U a Y H b I e M a l l J U H b I
1MKT110-7-2, lMKT110-7-3, 1MKT220-7-2, 1MKT220-7-3 I I p U M e H R W T
AJIR O X A a X A e H U R P a C C O J I a ' UAU B O n b I H a XOJIOAUJIbHUKaX B p a 3 J I U Y H b I X
OTpaCARX IIpOMbIUAeHHOCTU.
np0-
P e r y J l U p ˜ ˜ a ˜ p Oe 3 B O A U W J I b H O C T U XOAOAUAbHbIX M a U U H C P ˜ A H ˜ ˜
nU U
U 3 B O A U T e A b H O C T U k K P Y n H b l X M a U U H lMKT110-7-2 U lMKT220-7-2 O C y U e C T B -
f
J l R e T C R A B Y X n 0 3 U U U O H H O ( B K J I ˜ ˜ ˜ H U O˜C Ma H O B O M K O M I I ˜ ˜ C C O a ˜B) ,M a -
M T ˜
W u H a x lMKT110-7-3 u 1MKT220-7-3 - c T y n e H s a T o (25, 75 u 100%) 3 n e ˜ -
TPOMarHUTHbIM OTXUMOM KAanaHOB.
B n o c n e n H e e B p e M R n n R o x n a x n e H u R paccona u B O A ˜ I B c e 6onburee
P a C n p O C T p a H e H U e IIOAyYUAU XOJIOAUAbHbIe M a U I U H b I , pa60˜ammueH a X J l a A O -
H a X ( B OCHOBHOM R22). TO K O M n J l e K C H b l e a B T O M a T U 3 U p O B a H H b I e X O A O A U A b H b l e
M a U I U H b I , IIOCTaBJIFIeMbIe 3 a P R X e H H b l M U MaCJIOM U X J l a A O H O M . B UX U C n a p U T e -
J I R X I l p U M e H e H b I M e A H b I e T P Y ˜ ˜ ICJIIOMUHUeBblM P ˜ ˜ P H C T ˜ C e P A e Y H U K O M .
IM
C
T ˜ ˜ ˜ O B ˜˜ H ˜ O ˜ ˜ C H O T OTAU J,I X H O H ˜ ˜ O TM a X e H U e B p a 3 p a 6 a ˜ b l e a e -
Tp
˜UR qC O
MMX I I D O e K T a X .
I(0˜IlpeCC0p˜ble KOMnpeCCOpHO-KOHAeHCaTOpHble arperaTbl. B O n H O C T y -
H
I I e H q a T M X XOJlOAUJIbHbIX y C T a H O B K a X I I p H T e M n e p a T y p e K U n e H U R H e H U X e
-30°C, a T a K X e B K a q e C T B e C T y n e H U BbICOKOrO n a B n e H U R B n B y X C T y n e H q a T b 1 X
XOJIOANJIbHbIX y C T a H O B K a X I l P H M e H R l o T O A H O C T Y n e H q a T M e K O M n P e C C O P H b l e
( ˜ a 6 n .14.1) U KOMnpeCCOpHO-KOHneHCaTOpHble ( ˜ a 6 n . 14.2) a r p e r a T b 1 C
I l O p I U H e B b I M U U BUHTOBbIMU K O M n p e C C O p a M U .
6 y c ˜ e p ˜ b O fel H O C T y n e H q a T b I e a r p e r a T b 1 , X a p a K T e p U C T U K U KOTOPblX n p U B e -
l
n e H b 1 B ˜ a 6 n 14.1, HCnOJIb3YIOT B K a q e C T B e C T y n e H U H M 3 K O r O A a B J l e H H R B ABYX-
.
C T y n e H q a T b I X XOJlOnUJIbHbIX Y C T a H O B K a X .
K O M ˜ ˜ ˜ C a r pO r a T Hl ˜ I ˜
C e ˜ b IIPUMeHRIOT, eCJlU K O H A e H C a T O P B b I H e C e H U 3 M a -
IllkiHHOrO O T A e J l e H U R , H a n P W M e P B C J I y q a e N C n O J l b 3 0 B a H U R U C n a p H T e J I b H b I X , O p O -
CUTeJIbHbIX, B e P T U K a J I b H b I X K O X Y X O T P Y ˜ H ˜ I X O H A e H C a T O P O B , a T a K X e K P Y n H b I X
K
MalLIUHHOM 3aJe
˜ O P U 3 0 H T a J l b H b I XK O H A e H C a T O P O B , y C T a H a B J I U B a e M M X B o 6 m e ˜
B a t l n a p a T H O M O T A e J l e H U U . B Y C T a H O B K a X ˜ e 6 0 ˜ 1 b I U 0 M O U H O C T U uaecoo6pa3-
ii
HO I I P U M e H R T b K O M n P e C C O P H O - K O H f l e H C a T O p H b l e a r p e r a T b 1 , y C T a H a B J I U B a e M b I e
B MaIUUHHOM OTAeJIeHUU.
KOM˜˜˜CCO˜H˜I˜ U KOMnpeCCOpHO-KOHneHCaTOpHbIe a r p e r a T b 1 n o n 6 u p a m ˜
no ˜ p e 6 y e ˜ o0 i ' b e ˜ ˜ o IIPOU3BOAUTeJlbHOCTU K O M I I p e C C O p a , 3 H a q e H N e KOTO-
i6 fi
.
poii o n p e n e n R r o T B xone T e n n m o r o p a c q e T a x o n o n u n b ˜ o i iM a u u H b I ( C M . rn. 1 1 )
B C O C T a B K O M n p e C C O p H b I X a r p e r a T O B A40-7-2 U A80-7-2 B X O n R T ˜ o ˜ I U H ˜ B O ˜
K O M n p e C C O p , 3 J I e K T p O n B U r a T e J l b , C O ˜ ˜ M H ˜ C K O ˜ n p ˜ C˜ O p O M M Y @ T O ˜ ˜ , a c -
H H MI e C M
J I O O T n e J I U T e J I b , U M T C n p u 6 0 p a ˜ u n p a B J I e H U R , ˜ B T O M ˜ T U ˜ ˜ a UK T b˜ U C u r -
Y 3C UO I ˜
˜ a n n s a u u u .n p e n y c ˜ o ˜ p e ˜no H o e oxnaxneaue K p b r m e K K o M n p e c c o p a u
Bo R
M a C J I O O T A e J U T e J I R . X O ˜ O A O I ˜ P O N ˜ B O ˜ H P e˜yJ I˜ ˜ Y e T CC T ˜ Y X n 0 3 U U U O H -
T r J UP H O R AB
HO - IIyCKOM U OCTaHOBOM K O M n p e C C O p a .
B C O C T a B KOMIIpeCCOpHbIX a r p e r a T O B A1 10-7-0, A1 10-7-1, A1 10-7-2,
A1 10-7-3, A220-7-0, A220-7-1, A220-7-2 U A220-7-3 ( ˜ U C .14.1) B X O n R T n O p -
W H ˜ B O O M n p e C C O p , 3 J e K T p O n B U r a T e n b , C O ˜ ˜ M H ˜ C K O˜ I p˜ C C O p O M 3na-
H H Mn e ˜
K˜ ˜
C T U ˜ H O ˜ ˜ ˜ o ˜ J I O Kn p u 6 0 p o ˜ 3 a n o p ˜ a p M a T y p a . n p e n y c ˜ o ˜ p e ˜ o
u
˜y@ ii, a˜ BO-
nmoe o x n a x n e H u e K o M n p e c c o p a . M a c n o o ˜ n e n u ˜ e n b q u K n o H H o r o T u n a 6e3
-
BOARHOrO O X J l a X A e H U R . B 0 3 ˜ p a TAeJleHHOrO M a C J I a B K a P T e P K O M n P e C C O P a

O C ˜ L U ˜ C T B J I R ˜ T C a T o M a T n q e c K n qepes n o n n a ˜ ˜ o ˜ K n a f a H . Xonononpo-
aR b ˜ ni
U 3 B O n U T e J I b H O C T b P e r y J I U p y e T C R IIyCKOM U OCTaHOBOM 3 J I e K T P O A B U r a T e J I R U n U
( B a r p e r a T a X , M a p K U KOTOPbIX O K a H q U B a I O T C R H a UH@PY 1 NAN 3) OTKJlIOqeHUeM
UUJIUHApOB 3 J l e K T P O M a r H U T H b l X I O T X U M O M B C a C b I B a l O U U X K J l a n a H O B .
B C O C T a B K O M n p e C C O p H b I X a r p e r a T O B 2 1A280-7-0 ( - 1, -2, -3) U A350-7-0,
A350-7- 1, A350-7-2 H A350-7-3 ( ˜ u c 14.2) B X O n R T M ˜ c J I o ˜ ˜ ˜ o J I H BUHTO-˜ I ˜ ˜
. ˜HH
B O KOMnpeCCOp, ˜ C U H X ˜ O H H ˜ I ˜ ˜
˜ ra30˜b1fi @UJ˜TP, Macao-
3JleKTpO,LI.BUraTeJIb,
H a C O C H a R Y C T a H O B K a , @ t i J I b ˜ prpy608 H TOHKOA OqUCTKM M a C J l a , U U T npu6opa
n a a n o p ˜ a a˜p M a T y p a . P e r y n u p o ˜ a ˜ u n p o u 3 ˜ o n u ˜ e n b ˜ao p e˜ a T o B
e rc r˜
2 1A280-7-0, 2 1A280-7-2, A350-7-0 U A350-7-2 n B y X n O 3 U u U O H H O e , a O C T a J I b -
- n n a B H o e B ˜ u a n a 3 0 ˜ e 25 no loo%, o c y u e c T s m t e M o e c n o M o u I b l o 30-
OT
H˜IX
JlOTHUKOBOrO P e r y J l R T O p a C 3 J l e K T p O A B U r a T e J l e M .
B 6 y c ˜ e p ˜ b 1arpera-rax c B U H T O B ˜ I M H K o M n p e c c o p a M u n p e n y c M o T p e H o
x
n B y X n O 3 U U U O H H O e P e r y J I U p O B a H U e XOJIOnOnpOU3BOnUTeJlbHOCTU.
+
A n R U C n O J l b 3 O B a H H R B Y C T a H O B K a X C ˜ e ˜ n e p a ˜ y p K U n e H H R -25
ofi
-30°C U H U X e npOMblIUJIeHHOCTbIO B b I n y C K a I O T C R n ˜ y x c ˜ y n e ˜ q a ˜KbOlM nip e C - f
c o p ˜ b l i a r p e r a T AA55-7-5, T e x H u q e c K a R x a p a K T e p u c T u K a K o T o p o r o n p u s e n e H a
i
B ˜ a 6 n . 14.1, H A B y X C T y I l e H q a T b l e a r p e r a T b 1 AA130-7-4, AJI.260-7-4 U
lA.4260-7-4 ( ˜ a 6 n .14.3).
f l ˜ y x c ˜ y n e ˜ q aK˜ O ˜ f ˜i ˜ ˜ C C O r ˜ eHr a˜T IAA55-7-5 COCTOUT U 3 CMOHTU-
bM ˜˜
ap
p o B a H H o r o H a o 6 ˜ e i ip a M e n ˜ y x c ˜ y n e ˜ q a ˜ o s u n u ˜ n p o ˜ o rK o M n p e c -
8-r o o
M 0 ˜ 0 3 U J l b H b l e a r p e r a T b l y C T a H a B J l U B a l O T H e l l O C p e n C T B e H H O B TeXHOJlO-
r n q e c K u x uexax U J H B c n e u u a n b ˜ b ln˜ M e q e H u R x X o n o A u n b H n K a c T e M n e -
o
p a ˜ y p o f i OT 0 no 5OC. Y ˜ 0 6 b l Y M e H b U l U T b T e n J l O n p U T O K K MOP03MJlbHblM
n J U T a M , j a r p e r a T O r p a X n a t O T T e n J l O U 3 0 J l U p O B a H H b l M U W U T a MU, C K p e n J l R e M b l -
MU n p U c 6 o p ˜ e O J T ˜ M U J l R n p O C y W K U M e X a H U 3 M O B M O P 0 3 U J l b H O r O arpe-
˜ a.
rara n p n o r T a u s a H n u , a T a K x e nnn y n a n e H u z l n a p o B a M M u a K a n p n p e M o H -
T e I l O M e U e H U e BHYTPU T e ˜ J l O U 3 0 J l l l P O B a H H O ˜ KOHTYPa OCHaLIlalOT ITPUTO'IHO-
O
B˜ITRXHOW s e ˜ ˜ u n ˜ u 1 4 e f i .
rna˜a 15
IlPOEKTM POBAHME CMCTEM 0 6 0 P O T H O r O B O A O C H A 6 X E H H R




KBTIM'.
n p H ˜ b l 6 0 p e rpap.UpHU IlpUHUMalOT 4, = 35
T e o p e ˜ n q e c p e n e˜ o M o x n a x n e H u R B o n b l B r p a A u p H e c n y x u r T e M -
n˜ ˜ n
t,,
,. O ˜ H ˜ KO
n e p a T y p a H a p y X H O r O B O 3 A y X a no CMOqeHHOMY T e p M O M e T p y
O H a M O X e T 6 b l ˜ bAOCTUrHYTa TOJlbKO B r P a A N P H e C ˜ ˜ C K O H ˜ L I6 H n b l ˜ o i i
0O
nOBepXHOCTblO ˜ e n J l 0 0 6 ˜ e ˜B .P e a J l b H b l X KOHCTPYKUkIFIX BOAa O X J l a X A a e T -
a
T e M n e p a T y p b l ( ˜ 4 - 12°C BbILUe, r‚¬!MnePaTypbl
CR A 0 6 0 ˜ l e e B ˜ I C O K O W a
B 0 3 A y X a UO CMO'leHHOMY TepMOMeTP)' B 3aBUCUMOCTII OT t,, U B ˜ e ˜ b l l l e CTe- fi
˜ P 3TOM O X J l a X n e H H e BOAbl B r p a A k i P H e M O X e T 6 b l ˜ b
M
n e H U - OT q , )
OT 3 A 0 9°C. ˜ J p R 0 ˜ b lXOJlO˜UJkbHblX y C T a H 0 B O K COBMeCTHO C r p a A H p -
a6
45 K B T / MU T e M n e p a -
˜
HRMU bIapKt4 T n B X a p a K T e p H b l H a r P Y 3 K U q/= 25
+
t,,
,, 16 25OC.
,=
T y p a H a p y X H O r O B O 3 A y X a 110 CMOqeHHOMY T e p M O M e T p Y
t,=
B 3TMX YCJOBMRX B O A a O X J l a X A a e T C R H a A 3 t 5'C, a P a J H O C T b T e M -
nepa-ryp o x n a x n e ˜ ˜ o iBio n b l H
BO3J.yXa IlO CMOqeHHOMY T e p M O -
,
t,,,-
t,, COCTaBJlRCT
M e T p y 0' =
1,
OT 8 A 0 46C (60˜1ee HM3KMM
/ T e M n e p a T y p a M t,,. n M e H b u N M q,
COOTBeTCTBylOT 6 0 n b u u e O r ) .
O T H O W ˜˜H M ˜ c T B U T ˜ J ˜ ˜
˜˜˜
O X J I a X A e H U R BOAbl K T e O p e T U -
qeCKU B03MOXHOMY Ha3bIBalOT
K O ˜ @ @ U ˜ H ˜ H T O M@ $ ˜ K T U B H ˜ C T M
˜
r p a n u p H u q,,, :
l >-I", AI,
-
II,,, = -
A˜˜˜+l,˜-t˜˜,
˜ L ˜ - ˜ l , M


(I<)LJ




uasouerp; pacxonouep
nlr; 9 - 10 '
˜ 0 1 1 ˜ l l 1 3 ˜K ˜ H I l C l i C i l T O [ ) a ) .
l1l O
-
O P N ˜ H T M P O BH a q˜ H HM 3 T O r O K O ˜ @ @ H ˜ ˜ H AJlR T0 ˜ J I a f i H ˜ e J l e fpas-
3 O eH H ˜ ˜H ˜ i
J I H q H O r O T H n a n p H B e A e H b I B ˜ a 6 n .15.2. M C H ˜ U I M M H a q e H H R M t , , , COOTBeT-
3
CTByIOT M e H b U H e 3 H a q e H H H r],,,.




+ A t w ( -ql1 I)
lwl = l I l M - ( 15.3)
I,
Ecnn M3BeCTHbl t,, H i n , , TO, 3 a A a B a R C b 3 H a q e H H e M q l p , T e M n e p a T y p y
BOAbl, B M X O A R I ˜ ˜ ˜ P a A H P H H , Bbl'lMCJRIOT no @ O p ˜ y J l e
H3 r ˜
( 15.4)
t,,,= t w ,- (tw,- i l l.) q l p
an^ n e p e K a q u s a H n R BOAM B O ˜ O P O T H O C n c T e M e c n e n y e T n p e n y c M a r -
˜˜
p M B a T b H M e H e e n B y X p a 6 0 q u x HaCOCOB U OnMH p e 3 e p ˜ ˜ b l f i .
e
B TOM C J l y q a e , e C n H H3BeCTHM P a C X O A BOAU, a T a K X e H a q a J l b H a R U
K O H e q H a R T e M n e p a T y p M BOnbI, T e n J l O B y I O H a r P Y 3 K y H a r P a A U P H l 0 M O X H O
o n p e n e n w b no @ o p ˜ y n e

( 15.5)
. v w ˜ w ˜ u , ( t t l u ,-) ,
wr
Qlp=
n o ˜ a 6 n .15.1 n o n 6 u p a e ˜B e H T U J R T O P H Y H ) r p a n H p H I 0 TnB-40M.
H a x o n a ˜no i - d - n u a r p a M M e T e M n e p a T y p y H a p y x H o r o ˜ o s n y x a no C M o q e H H o M y rep-
19,5OC. 3 a n a e ˜ c S I K O ˜ @ @ U U H ˜ H T O M @ @ ˜ K T w B -
M O M e T P Y . ˜ P H K a 3 a H H b I X I I a p a M e T p a X f,.,= ˜
Y
HOCTU r p a n u p H u qrp= 0.4. Torna T e M n e p a T y p a ˜ o n b rH a s b l x o n e u 3 r p a n s p H n




n p ˜ v e p Onpenen˜r˜b M n e p a T y p y oxnaxne˜eofiB o n b l n T e n n o e y m ˜ a r p y ˜ a˜ rpa- y
2. Te H
A H P H I 0 TBB-20, e C n H T e M f l e p a T y p a H a p y X H O r O B O 3 n y X a no C M O s e H H O M Y T e P M O M e T P Y 24°C.
0 6 % e M ˜ b l f i pacxon B O ˜ M1,2 n/c, T e M n e p a T y p a H a B r J x o n e u3 K o H n e H c a T o p a 30°C.
0,42. T e ˜ n e p a ˜ y p O X n a X -
y
3 a n a e ˜ c f I KO˜@@ALIH˜HTOM @@˜KTHBHOCTH PanHPHU = ,
q
˜ r
n e ˜ ˜ o B oi a t 4 H a X O n U M no @ 0 p ˜ y n e(15.4):
f




P a c s e ˜6pb13ranb˜or06accefi˜a H oTnusaeTcR OT pacseTa rpanapau.
e
KOAUY˜CTBO n o n a ˜ a e ˜ o B iBacceii˜,onpenenmcn no @ o p ˜ y n e
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AOByI0 Harpy3Ky no ˜ a 6 n . 15.2.
K O J I U ˜ ˜ C T@OPCYHOK M O X H O OIlpeAeJIUTb no @0pMyJIe
BO




rAe g$ - f l p O U 3 B O n U T e J l b H O C T b O ˜ H O R @OPCYHKH, K O T O p a R 3 a B H C U T OT A U a M e T p a . O T B e P C T H R
nepen
N n a B n e H U R BOnM @OPCYHKO˜˜.

O P A ˜ H T U P O B M O XH O IIPMHUMaTb g$= (1,4 i 1,7)
O˜ HO M3/c. T ˜ M -
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Ecnu U3BeCTeH 06'belWHblii PaCXOfl XMAKOCTU V ( B lW3/c) H YZlaCTKe
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(16.1) - (16.3) HeU3BeCTH0, NM CJleAyeT 3aAaTbCR no ˜ a 6 n . 16.1. npM
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0.4 - 0.8
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d,, n p u 6 n n 3 ˜ ˜ e n b ˜ o BenuwHe, n o n y q e ˜ ˜ o pacqeToM.
paseH fi

Z u a u e ˜ p ,M M Ilnouqanb n o n r p c r ˜ o r o

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