<< . .

. 13
( : 20)



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na I(. ˜ Y K B ˜ I uM@pbl, BXOARUNe B 0 6 0 3 ˜ a q e ˜ M3 M HaCOCOB, HanpM-
M TX
e
Mep K20/30, 03HaqaIOT COOTBeTCTBeHHO: K - H a C O C ˜ ˜ H T P o ˜ ‚¬ ! x HKOH-˜ ˜I ˜
˜ 0 J I b ˜ b l f i ; - H O M U H a J l b H a R nOAaqa, ˜ ˜ / q ; - Hatlop, COOTBeTCTByIO-
20 30
˜ M f HOMHH˜J˜HO˜˜
i ITOnaqe, M.
A ˜ ˜H O H O M U ˜ H p a˜6 0 ˜ b lHaCOCa er0 nOnaqa Ha-
K O H˜O˜XOAMMO, 06b1

Knfl
xonunacb B 3 o ˜ e˜arr6oneeB ˜ I C O K M X3 ˜ a q e ˜ ˜ i i (pa6oquii ˜ ˜ ˜ c T o K).
H
O q e ˜ b a C T O Ha r p a @ M ˜ = f ( V ) HaHOCRT H BCIO XapaKTepMCTMKy HaCOCa,
e
q
a TonbKo B npenenax pa6oqero yqacTKa.
AnR non6opa HaCOCa no er0 XapaKTepMCTHKaM H a r p a @ k i ˜ a H O C R T Xa-
H
P a K T e P H C T U K M HeCKOJlbKMX HaCOCOB (06614˜02-3), n J l R K T P l 3aAaH-
O O bX
H a R nonaqa HaxonuTcR B npenenax pa6oqero yqacTKa ( ˜ a n p u ˜ e K8/18, p,
K8/ 18a, K8/ 186). 3 a ˜ Ha rpa@M˜ a H O C R T pa6oqy10 TOqKY, COOTBeTCTByIO-
e˜ H
U ˜ I O ˜ A ˜ H HpacxonaM H Hanopy. Ecnu p a 6 o q a ˜ Tows CoBnanaeT c
˜ ˜IM
˜aKoti-nki60M XaPaKTePUCTMK ( P U C . 16.5, a ) , TO Bb16MpaIO˜ H M e H H O 3 O
3 TT
E C ˜ p a 6 o q a ˜TOqKa OKa3bIBaeTCR MeXAY XaPaKTePkiCTMKaMM ( P U C .
U
HaCOC.
no-
16.5, 6 ) , TO ˜ b 1 6 u p a r o ˜ u ˜ a i i u r u i iHacoc, 06ecne˜u˜a10uluiia n a ˜ ˜ y 1 0
6n 3
naqy npU 60JlbLlIe˜ HaIIOpe. k i s n u u r e ˜Hanopa r a C H T C R COOTBeTCTByIOU(HM
peryJHpOBaHMeM 3anBHXKM Ha H a n O p H O M n a ˜ p y 6 ˜ e .
l l p ˜ T C ˜ T C T B H U KaTanora HacocoB c ax r p a @ u q e c ˜ u ˜ n xapaKTepucTu-
O
K a M M ,UJlR non6opa HaCOCa M X O nOJIb30BaTbCR T ˜ ˜ J I u ˜ H ˜ I n a H H b 1 M M MM
OH
16.7). B TOG ˜ a 6 n n u e AJIR ˜ a X n 0 i iM a p K M HaCOCa yKa3aHbI IIOna-
(T˜˜JI.
qa M C O O T B ˜ T C T B ˜ ˜ ˜ U I HHanop B Haqane, cepennHe M KoHse pa6oqero
eii ˜ ˜
YqaCTKa XapaKTepUCTMKM.
KBT)
M W H O C T ˜HPCOCI. Tpe6ye˜yro MOUHOCTb HaCOCa
ITPHBOAa (B
B ˜ I ˜ M C J I R I Ono @ o p ˜ y n e
T




Ecnu Hacoc CoenuHeH c 3neKTponBnraTeneM nOCpenCTBOM M y @ ˜ b l , TO
M U O T 3JleKTPOABA˜aTeJIR ˜ ˜ ˜ A ˜ J I RnoO @ o p ˜ y J l e
O I T
O H Cb


m e k - Ko3˜@nune;(Tsanaca MouHocTn (npn MouHocTn no 2 KBT k 1,5; bT 2 no 5 KBT
=
k = 1,5f 1.25; OT 5 no 50 KBT k = 1,25f 1,5).
qacrora spaueHnR 2900 M B H - ' , Yacrora s p a l l t e ˜ ˜3600
n MUH-I

U˜HT˜O˜CXHH˜˜ MOUHOCT˜ Moucnocrb
nonara, IlonnuA
Knn 3neaTpoaBa- nonaqa, Hanap,
nonnble
H˜COC snearponsa-
Knn
nanop, M
n/c rarenn. KBT rarenn. KBT




n0˜60p a c o c a I I p O H 3 B O A N M no ˜
H a 6 n .1 6 . 7 .
K
M 3 ˜ a 6 n .16.7 BMAHO, q T O M3 ˜a˜6oneeI U ˜ K H M Tpe- no
UMelOUIMXCfl HaCOCOB T u n a ˜J
6 y e ˜ b n a˜p a M e T p a M RBJIfleTCR HaCOC M a p K M Kg1186 n p M q a C T O T e B p a I U e H N R B a J I a 48,33 C-'
l
(2900 O ˜ / M U H ) .

5 16.5. llOn6OP AMMHA'IHOTO HACOCA

B HaCOCHO-UMpKyJIRUMOHHbrX C X e M a X Y C T a H O B O K AJIR n e p e K a Y U B a H M s I
XUJJKOrO a f i ˜ ˜ a p ˜ M e H R K ) T r e p M e T M Y H b I e 3 J I e K T p O H a C O C b l , T e X H M Y e C K a R
n ll a
16.8.
X a p a K T e p U C T U K a KOTOPbIX I I P M B e A e H a B T ˜ ˜ J I .
no˜aaarenb
1,25XT 6 2.8 2XT-5-4.5-2
1,5XT-6X 2-2.8-2 1,5XT-6X 3-2.8-2
(UHT-70M-2) (UHT-68)
(UHT-70M- I ) (UHT-70M-3)
- 12 5.5 - 12
nonaua, 5.5 5.5 - 12 12-28
m3/q
xnnworo
H a n o p , M CT




Hacoc Y C T a H a B J l U B a I O T K a K M O X H O 6 n ˜ x K UHPKYJIRUNOHHOM)' P e C W B e p y .
e
He
q ˜ 0 6 b 1 IIpOU30LUJIO BCKMIIaHWR X W A K O C T N , H W ˜ X O A U M O U M e T b ˜ 3 6 6 1 ˜ 0 s -
H o e A a B J I e H U e H a B X O A e B HaCOC no OTHOLUeHUIo K A a B J l e H U K ) B U W p K y J I R -
s k i o H H o M p e c w B e p e (nonnop).B COOTBeTCTBUU C p e K O M e H A a U U R M H BHMKTM-
XOJIOAnpOM B e J I M s U H a I I O A I I O p a H a BCaCbIBaHMU HaCOCa (6e3 Y s e T a C O n p O -
T M B J I e H N R BCaCbIBaIoLLlerO T ˜ Y ˜ o I I ˜ o B no ˜ I ˜ H a C O C T a B n H T b :
OJ X )
AJIR U H F - 7 0 M - H e M e H e e 1,5 M CT. X U A K O r O a M M A a K a B A U a n a 3 0 H e
nonaw OT 3 no 12 ˜ ˜ u npuq T e M n e p a T y p e a M M u a K a OT 0 no -40°C;
/
nm H a c o c a UHT-68 - H e M e H e e 1,5 M C T . X U A K O C T U n p H nonase no
MV/˜ u npu T e M n e p a T y p e a M M u a K a OT 0 no -40°C.
20
˜ P IM O A a l l e OT 20 A0 28 M ˜ / Y l O A n O p 1,5 M A O n y C T A M TOJIbKO A J l R T e M I I e -
I I
np˜
6onee H H ˜ K U X T e M n e p a T y p a x nonnop
p a T y p b 1 a M M u a K a B b I r u e -20°C.
H a BCaCbIBaHUN A O J I X e H 6b1˜bH U X e MHHWMaJIbHO B 0 3 M O X H O T O Y P O B H R B




C X ˜ nM C˜ e n P i H e H H H U H P K Y J l R U H O H H b I X HaCOCOB K P e C H B e p y :
PHc.16.6. pU O
- U H p ˜ y n a l l n ˜ ˜ p ebClHkB e p , 2 - abIM&iaqHblh U H ˜ K Y J ˜ R U H O H H HaCOC. 3 - X H ˜ K O C T H ˜CTOUK,
I 4 - THnpO-
˜ ˜!˜ ˜R
5 - f l O n y n p O B O n H H K O B O e peJle
UHKJlOH. YpOBHU
+ -r
A Pec
h = hnon,
Pg
A p e , - CyMMa
rAe hnonn- H ˜ O ˜ X O A U IMO ˜ n O˜
l A˜ p Ha BCaCbIBaHNH; IlOTepb AaBJIeHHfl Ha
na.
n B M e c T H u x C o n p o T n B n e H u f l x ˜ c a c b l ˜ a m ˜ l JeI H H H N ,
TpeHne fi

Y ˜ o 6 b 1BeJlHrIMHa npBc M H H H M ˜ A ˜ H OB˜C ˜ C ˜ ˜ B ˜ I O ˜py60np0-
6bma ˜, IQM˜
( C K O P O C T ˜ a M M H a K a H e 6onee 0,5 M / C )
BOA A e J I a I O T 60nbuloro A H a M e T P a
Y M e H b U I e H U H B e J I U q H H b l MeCTHbIX C O ˜ ˜ O T U B J ˜ ˜ H H
H B 0 3 M O X H O KOpOrIe.
KOJIHrIeCTBO B ˜ H T M J I ˜ IIOBOPOTOB H a T ˜ Y ˜ o I I ˜ o B O J I X˜ O 6 b l ˜ bMMHH-
U ˜˜ Ao ˜ H
MaJIbHblM.
C x e ˜ an p n c o e n n H e H u R H a c o c o B K U M ˜ K ˜ ˜ R U M O H H POe Mn˜B e p y npnse-
c
n e H a H a puc.16.6.
C M a 3 ˜ a O X J l a X A e H H e H a C O C a IIPOH3BOARTCH X H A K H M a M M H a K O M , KOTO-
H
P ˜ I ˜ ˜ ˜ P O X O A M T B H ˜ C O C a M I I o T ˜ ˜ ˜ o I I ˜ o B o ˜ ˜ o T B o ˜ M T c K P b l U˜ - ˜ ˜ H ˜
Ha T P M ˜oTI
KU O ˜ ˜ ˜ T H BO a C b I B a I o u I y l o JIUHUlo.
BO C
Y T O ˜ r˜ PI a H T U P O B a T b H a J l U q U e X H A K O C T H B IIOJIOCTM 3 J I e K T p O H a C O C a ,
a
H a BbIXOAe X H A K O C T H A 3 3 a f i a ˜ ˜ o KPbIUIKU YCTaHOBJIeH IIOJIynpOBOAHHKO-
fi
˜ b 1 f iP e r Y J I R T O p Y p O B H R (npy),0 ˜ ˜ J I l o r I a D r ˜ kH a C O C npM I I O H H X e H H H Y p O B -
ifi
K˜oM˜
HR X U A K O T O a M M U a K a B KOJlOHKe. TOrO, A J R n p e A 0 T B p a L U e H H R Bbl-
X O A a H a C O C a A 3 CTPOH Y C T a H O B J e H O pen‚¬! KOHTPOJIR C M a 3 K H (PKC), O T p e -
r y J l H p O B a H H O e H a P a 3 H O C T b A a ˜ J I e ˜ k i f iP a B H y l o 0,8 OT p a 3 B H B a e M O r O H a -
,
I I O p a , H KOHTPOJlHPYIOUIee H a J I H ' 4 H e P a 3 H O C T H ˜ Z i ˜ J I e ˜ k MfeiX A Y H a r H e T a T e J l b -
i
HblM U B C a C b I B a D u I H M T P Y ˜ O ˜ P O B O A ˜ M U .




T ˜ Xe K a K
K H n p H non6ope HaCOCOB, AJlH non6opa B e H T H J I R T O p a H e -
06xonn˜o HaTb
3 ˜ p e 6 y e ˜ b I Ie A a r I y B O 3 A y X a H A a B J I e H H e , C O 3 A a B a e M O e B e H -
lO
T M J R T O P O M AJlR P a 3 A a r I M B O 3 A y X a no BCeM Y r l a C T K a M . TO A a B J I e H H e A O J I X H O
6 b l ˜ b H a 10 - 15% 6 o n b u e I I O T e p U A a B J l e H H R H a T p e H k i e U B MeCTHbIX
COIIPOTUBJleHHRX.
+- l , 5 ) Z ( R l + 2 ) . (16.17)
p= (1.1
Rf
˜H˜˜˜HMMI F OnPeAeJIRIOTCR IIyTeM a3POAUHaMMZIeCKOrO P a C q e T a
c e T M B O ˜ A Y X O B O A ˜no T e M me Q o p ˜ y n a ˜ , M n p u r n n p a s n n s e c K o M pacse-
TO
B
T e TPY˜O˜POBOAOB.
n o ˜ e p uH a T p e H n e B B O S A ˜ X O B O A B X O n p e A e n R l o T no @ o p ˜ y n e(16.4).
E c n ˜pAMeHRloT d
˜ P R M O Y ˜ O J I ˜B03AYXOBOA, TO BMeCTO A U a M e T P a
H˜I˜˜
n nOA-
C T a B J I R l o T 3 H a s e H H e 3KBUBaJIeHTHOTO A N a M e T P a




me a b - AJlUHbl CTOPOH IIpflMOyrOJIbHOrO B03nYXOBOna.
U




me V - 065eMHblii pacxon ˜ o s n y x aHa naHHoM M ˜ / cw; - pacqeTHoe s ˜ a q e ˜ u K O -
yqacme, Ce



P a c s e ˜ ˜ y lCKOPOCTb
o ABNXeHMR B 0 3 A y X a B B03AyXOBOAaX U3 J ˜ N C T O B O ˜ ˜
CTaJIN IIPAHMMalOT: H a rOJIOBHbIX Y r I a C T K a X 8 - 10 M / C , a H a A a J I b H U X KOH-
AJIR
UeBbIX 3 - 5 M/C. B 0 3 A y X O B O A O B 113 ˜ C ? T O H K N p n M q a M A p y r M X CTPOM-
˜,
T e J I b H b l X M a T e p M a J O B I I P M H M M a l o T M e H b I l I k i e CKOPOCTM: COOTBeTCTBeHHO 5 - 7
M 1 - 3 M/C. ˜ P U I‚¬!Te paC. BbITFIXHbIX B03AYXOBOAOB CKOPOCTb B 0 3 A Y X a
B XABOM C e s e H u W B ˜ I T R H Y T ˜ I p e u I e T o K n p u H a M a l o T B npenenax 0,8 - 1, M / C . O
X
˜ O C A o ˜ 0 K a K B b I q M C J I e H a I I J I O U a A b B 0 3 A Y X O B O A a , O I I P e A e J I R D T e r O pas-
Tr
MepbI B c e q e e k i a .
n p e ˜ n 0 ' 4 ˜ e ˜ O T e a I o T K P y r J I b I M B 0 3 A y X O B O A a M , K a K 6onee X e C T K H M N
MA
M e H e e T p y A O e M K M M B M3rOTOBJIeHUM. ECJIM 0 3 A y X O B O A ˜ p y m b ˜ fer0 A M a M e T P i,
B
(16.1) Unkl (16.2). no n O J I y q e H H O M y 3 H a -
p a C C . I M T b I B a l o T no @ O ˜ M Y A ˜ M
q e H M l o ˜ b 1 6 M p a l o6n˜mafiu1ufiki3 H O p M M p y e M O r O P R A a A M a M e T p ( M M ) : 100,
˜
125, 140, 160, 180, 200, 225, 250, 280, 325, 355, 400, 450, 500, 560, 630,
7 10, 800, 900, 1000, 1120, 1250, 1400, 1600, 1800, 2000.
Ecnu no MeCTHbIM YCJIOBMRM n p O K J I a A K a K P Y r J l b l X B03AYXOBOAOB H e B 0 3 -
M O X H a , I I P N M e H H l o T B03AYXOBOAbI IlPFIMOYTOJIbHOrO C e q e H H R C TOG Xe T p e -
X b = F ) . P a 3 ˜ e p b 1CTOPOH n p R -
6ye˜ofiI I J I O I U a A b l o , . I T 0 M ˜ p y r ˜ l b l f (a
i
MOYrOJIbHMKa ( U I U P H H Y U M BbICOTy b ) ˜ b 1 6 M p a l oA 3 H O P M M P Y e M O r O P R A a
˜
secen: 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 400, 500, 600, 800, 1000, 1200, 1600, 2000.
n 0 c J I e O K O H q a T e n b H O r O ˜b160pa p a 3 M e p O B B O 3 A y X O B O A a H ˜ O ˜ X O A M M O
O n p e A e J I M T b @ ˜ K T U ˜ ˜ C K CKOPOCTb A B U X e H R R B 0 3 A Y X a no @ o p ˜ y . J I e
YW
V
w =-= -.M
FP
F
me M ˜ a c c o ˜ pacxon
˜ii
- ˜osnyxa, i-/c.
˜

n 0 ˜ e p l oA a B A e H M R B MeCTHbIX COnPOTMBJIeHMRX O I I P e A e n R l o T no ( $ 0 ˜ -
M y J I e (16.7). O ˜ M ˜ H T M ˜ 3 H aBe H M˜ H O ˜ I ˜ M U M ˜ HMeCTHOF'O C O n p O -
O q O R K ˜ @@ T˜
TMBJleHMR A a H b I H M X e .
5
UIax˜a
\
1,3
BbITRXHaR C 3 H O
OTM
npu˜osnafl x a n 1 0 3 ˜ 8 ˜ o i p e m e ˜ ˜ o i i
c 2.8
i
Bxon B OTBepCTUe 3anOAJtHU0 C O C T ˜ H O ˜ 0.5
BXOA H BblXOn Yep123 HenOABHXHYH) x a n 1 0 3 u f i ˜ y ˜ )
pellleTKy
sxon 1.8
22
BblXOn
I locne nonara n n o n H o e n a B n e H M e ,
T o r o KaK O n p e n e n e H b l ˜ p e 6 y e ˜ a ˜
p a 3 B H B a e M O e BeHTHJIRTOPOM, H ˜ O ˜ X O A U M M a˜3˜ e p ( H O M ˜ P ) BeHTHJIRTO-
p M
pa onpenennm an60 no ero r p a @ n r e c ˜ ax ˜p a K T e p n c T n K a M , nn60 no
a
T˜˜JIHU˜M.
T ˜ X H H ˜ ˜XCp aK THp U C T k i K H ˜ ˜ H T P O ˜ ˜ X HBeHTHJIRTOPOB M a P K H
a Ke˜ ˜IX
u4-70 C H e n O C p e A C T B e H H b l M lIpHBOAOM OT 3 J I e K T p O A B H r a T e J I R IIpMBeAeHbI
16.10.
B ˜a6n.
MOUHOCT˜ 3JIeKTPOABHt'aTeJlR B e H T H J I R T O p a O n p e A e J I R e T C H , K a K H AJlR
HaCOCOB, no @ 0 p M y J I e (16.14). X ˜ ˜ ˜ K T ˜ ˜ HOCeBblX K H C T H BeHTHJIHTOpOB n p H -
16.1 1.
BeAeHbl B ˜ a 6 n .


t˜ u e H ˜ p o 6 e m ˜ o - qacrora epauren˜n
'f ˜po˜3˜o˜n˜enbHoctb Hanop
unn,o/o
ro aeHrHnsropa
na
I /c
O˜/MWH MM BOA. CT.
U4-70 M'/C
Ms/q
Ta6nuqo 16 11
I 1
NP bceeoro qacsosa spamesun npon3non˜renb˜ocrb Hanop
Knn, %
BeHlHJlflTOpa
. ˜0n.c˜ na
d3/r
MU I/c MM
M'/C
O˜/MHH


4 1440 24 I 800 0.50 6,O 59,O 37
6 960 16 1800 0,50 98 88,l 35
5 960 16 2700 0,75 572 51,O 45
6 960 16 2700 84 78,5 47
0,75
35
5 1440 24 2700 0,75 14.0 137
6 1440 24 2700 0,75 20,O 196 35
4 2700 45 2700 0,75 30,O 25
294
5 960 16 3600 1,00 55
3,6 35,3
6 960 16 3600 68 59,O 55
1,OO
5 1440 24 3600 1, O
O 12,O 118 47
24 3600 18,O 178 47
6 1440 1, O
O
35
4 2700 45 3600 1,OO 25,O 246
5 1440 24 5400 1,50 10,O 98,l 52
6 1440 54
24 5400 1,50 16,O 157
7 960 2,OO
16 7200 10,O 98,l 50
30
7 1440 2,m 25,O 246
24 7200
7 960 16 11000 3900 7,O 68,8 56
35
11 720 12 11000 3,OO 12,O 118
7 1440 24 11OOO 3,OO 25,O 246 40
8 960 4,OO 55
16 14500 11,O 108
7 1440 24 14500 4,OO 25,O 246 30
8 1440 4,00 35,O 344 30
24 14500
11 720 12 18000 5.00 12,O 118 50
10 960 30
5,00 20,O 196
16 18000
1440 24 18000 5,OO 35,O 344 40
8
IlPOEKTMPOBAHME CMCTEM
KOHAMIJ,MOHMPOBAHM5l B 0 3 A Y X A
-- -




r n a s a 17
rPA@OAHAJlMTMSECI(ME PACSETbI
IlPM IlPOEKTMPOBAHMM CKB


T ˜ ˜ M O ˜ H H ˜COCTORHNe C K O ˜ BOsnyXa, IIpeflCTaBJIRIOuerO
M H ˜ ˜ BJIaXHOrO
codoii cMecb r a s o ˜ a s o ˜ aKucnopona M np.) c ˜ o n o i i P ˜ ˜ J I H ˜ HarperaT-
( , ˜IX
B
H ˜ I X COCTORHHRX (nap, X M A K O Cnen), onpenenReTcR Tpem napaue-rpa-
T˜,
MM: e ˜ n e p a ˜ y p o f i ,
˜ AaaneHneM a cocTaBoM cMeca. C O C T ˜ B cMecM xapaeTe-
paaye˜c˜ MaccoablM BnaroconepxaHMeM.
O6uee naeneHue ˜ o s n y x a ( 6 a p o ˜ e ˜ p a q e c ˜ o e
nasne˜we) paBHo cyMMe
napsuanmblx nasne˜ufi cyxofi ero qacTu p,, ( B n a ) u Bonmoro napa
Pn ( B n a ) :
+ (17.1)
P6 = PCs Pn.
Bnaroconepxa˜weanaxsoro a ˜ ˜ o c @ e p ˜˜ orso y x a ( B ˜ r / ˜ paaHo
on r)
d
OTHoIueHum MaccbI B O A H H O ˜ O napa M,, conepxauerocn B paccMaTpM-
BaeMoM 06'be˜e, Macce M,. ConepxauerocR B HM cyxoro ˜03nyxa:e
K




rAe p," - napqnanmoe AasneHue HacbruLcllllulu Ronmoro napa npn TeMnepaType t 803-
ayxa, n a .

<< . .

. 13
( : 20)



. . >>