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H b l e CTeHOBbIe n a H e J I l l B b l ˜ 0 ˜ 0 f3,6; 4,8; 6,O U 6,6 M, L U U P U H O ˜ ˜1,5; 2,0 M
i
3,O M C H e C Y U U M CJlOeM M 3 T R X e J l O r O 6 e T 0 H a TOJIUNHOA I40 N 200 MM UAU
O J ˜ T O 250 MM - f l J R I l a H e J I e f i N3 6 e T 0 H a C JIerKM-
M 3 K ˜ ˜ ˜ M ˜ M T T O˜ I ˜ U M H H ˜ ˜ O˜
MU H a ˜ O J I H M T e J I R M M .
1,s
r 0 p k i 3 0 ˜ ˜ a J l b ˜ b CTeHOBble ' IlaHeJIU M3rOTOBJlHlOT B ˜ I C O T O ˜
le M, AJIU-
HOG 6 M u 200
T O ˜ U U H O ˜ ˜ M M . P a s ˜ e p OTHOCRTCR K H a p y a H o M y cnow na˜eneii.

T p e x c n o u ˜ b l e I l a H e n l l COCTORT U3 ABYX 3 a U N T H b l X C n O e B , M e X A Y KOTO-
PblMU Y K J a A b I B a D T cnoA Te˜JlOU3OJlRL(Ul4. E c n ˜ a U U T H b l e CnOM BblnOJlHeHbl
3
n 3 x e n e 3 0 6 e ˜ o ˜ a , o H n c o e n n H e H b r M e x n y co6oA ˜ e ˜ a n ˜ l ˜ q e acp ˜ o -i i
Ma
TO
Pec.6.5. Orpamnennn xononunbnma
a3 nerKux K O H C T ˜ Y K U W R :
I - nasenb noTonoqnafl cranbiiafl rpex-
cnolisan c yTennaTeneu n3 nenononmypeTa-
Ha. 2 - 6anua cTanbnan ssyTpesHero gap
KaCa; 3 - KOnOHHa CTanbHaH EHyTpeHHerO
Kapaca, 4 - nnasTyc s3 6 e ˜ o s a M200,
5 - sonosma cTanbsaa snelunero Kapnaca,
-
, nasenb cresoeafl neperoponn.csafl, 7 -
6
naHenb nona. 8 - s n e m e n ˜ Kpennennn.
-
9 npolmanna. 10 - TnuKonosan MacrnKa


n e p e r o p o ˜ ˜u3 K U p I I H Y a U ,
u
MegKOLUTYYHbIX U 3 ˜ e J I u f i p a 3 M e -
WaDT, K a K IIpaBUJIO, IIO OCU
KOJIOHH MJIN 3 a I i O A J I U 9 0 C T p a H b D
KOJIOHHbl, a n a H e J l b H b I e U K p y I I -
H O ˜ J I O Y H ˜ I ˜ neperopomcu - 3a
KOJIOHHO˜˜.
B
˜ O K P ˜ I T H R . XOJIOAUJIbHUKaX
I I P U M e H R I O T C O B M e I l t e H H b I e 6ec-
q e P A a q H b I e IIOKPbITUR, C O C T O R w U e
113 H e c y w u x m u T , O I I U ˜ ˜ ˜ W N X -
c˜ H a 6 a n ˜ uunu @ e p ˜ b T e,n - ˜
J I O U 3 0 J I R U U U U K P O B J I U . Mcnonb-
3 y D T O A H O C K a T H b i e UJIU R B y X C K a T -
6 a n ˜ u (CM. PMC. 6.1).
HbIe
n p U H ˜ O ˜ X O ˜ U M O C IIOJIyYeHUR M a A K O I O IIOTOJIKa B K a M e p a X I I p U M e H R I O T
TU
M H O r O I I Y C T O T H b l e X e J I e 3 0 6 e ˜ 0 ˜ ˜ bIIJIMTbI, a I I p U OTCYTCTBUU T a K O I O ˜ p e 6 o -
le
B a H u R - 6onee n e r K u e , pe6puc˜bie. a s ˜ e n n u T B n n a H e 1,5X6 unu 3,OX6 M,
P p
B b I C O T a M H O I O I I Y C T O T H M X IIJIUT 220 MM, a p e 6 p U c ˜ b - 300 MM n p U T O J I U U H e

IIOJIKU 30 - 35 MM.
TeIIJIOU3OJIRUUU IIOKpbITUR I l p M M e H R D T X e C T K U e M H H e p a J I O B a T H b I e M
I I O J J H C T U p O J l b H b I e IIJlUTbI, ˜ J I O K U M3 I I e H O C T e K J I a HAM l l e ˜ o b e ˜ o a a ,a K X e ˜T
p a 3 J I U Y H b l e T e I I J l O U 3 O J I H ˜ M O H H b I e3 a C b I I I K U - ˜ e p a ˜ 3 ˜ ˜ 0 r˜p b ˜ a f i , e 6 e ˜ b
al f i ˜
H 3 A O M e H H O I O W J I a K a U Ap.
H e ˜ o T O p b I eU 3 B 0 3 M O X H b I X K O H C T P Y K U M ˜ K P O B A k i I I O K a 3 a H b I H a P U C . 6.6.
˜
H ˜ O ˜ X O A Y W MH˜ K P˜ B J I U AJIR C T O K a B O A b I (1,5 - 2 % ) I I O J I y 4 a D T pas-
U lO I O ˜
J I U Y H b I M U C ˜ O C O ˜ ˜ MBM K P O B J I R X , T e I I J I O U 3 0 J I R U N R K O T O P b l X B K J I D 4 a e T cJ'I0fi
:
3 a c ˜ I I ˜ o U3OJIRUM1.1, 3 T O T ˜ J I 0 f iA e J l a I O T I I e p e ˜ e ˜ TOJILUMHbI (PNC. 6.6, a ) ;
fi ˜˜fi
B K P O B J I R X C T ˜ I I J I O M ˜ O J I R T OU I ˜ K O I 3 IIJIUTHbIX M a W p U a J I O B Y C T a H a B J I P i -
˜ J b˜˜ 1
B a D T 6 a n ˜ u K p O B e A b H b I e IIJIUTbl C H Y X H b I M YKJIOHOM. B I I O C J l e A H e M C J l y Y a e
U
B b i C O T y KOJIOHH A 0 H U 3 a 6 a J I ˜ i lI I 0 H a n p a B J I e H U l o K U e H T p a J I b H O M y I I p O J I e T y
A e n a t o T n e p e ˜ e ˜ ˜ o f i , u M e p 6,O; 6,12; 6,24 M (puc. 6.6, 6 ) .
Hanp
Y M e H b L U e H H R T e I I J I O I I p M T O K O B qepe3 I I O K P b I T U R 3 a w U ˜ H b l f iC J I 0 f i Bb1-
I I O J I H R D T W3 M a T e p N a J I O B C ˜ 0 p 0 L I I e f i 0 ˜ p a l K a ˜ e J l b ˜ C IfI iO C O ˜ H O C T ˜ D o K ˜ ˜ c -
(
o
K a CBeTJIbIMU K p a C K a M H , I I O K p b I T U e CBeTJIblM I P a B H e M U T . n . ) . IOXHbIX
*
P ˜ ˜ ˜ O HPOKB M e H A y e T C R ˜ C T ˜ O ˜ ˜ CH a & O p 0 ˜ J I e C O J I H U e 3 a U U T H O r O 3 K p a H a .
TB ˜
eO fi
˜ ˜ O T U B O ˜ O XI O˜ C a , HI I˜ eIn R T C T B y D l 4 U e n p O H U K H O B e H k i D O r H R M 3 O n -
I H˜ ˜
p
H O r O O T C e K a T e n J I O M 3 0 J l R U U M B ˜ p y I O f i ,BbIiIOJIHRIOT U 3 I I ˜ H o ˜ ˜ T o H ˜ e ˜ ˜ o f i 063
- K),
p=400 K ˜ / M ˜ ˜ ˜ @ @ M ˜ M ˜ H TenJIOIIpOBOAHOCTU A=0,15 BT/ (M
UK TOM
M˜CCO˜˜
a T a K X e M3 ne JIUTO- HJIU ˜ C ˜ O B ˜ ˜ M U K ˜ J I U T O 3 ˜ eI JXI k l 0i6 ' b e ˜ ˜ o Mi ˜ C C O ˜ ˜ f
˜B˜ f
(M-K).
p = 250 K I / M P U K O ˜ @ @ W U W ˜ H T O Me I I J I O I I p O B O A H O C T U 0,085 BT/
T
Y K J I ˜ A ˜ I B ˜ ID p O T U B O n O X a p H b I e I I O R C a I j a U e M e H T H O M P a C T B O p e .
IT
no˜lbl,n 0 J I b 1 XOJIOAUJIbHUKOB A O J I X H M U M e T b A O C T a T O Y H Y I O I I P O Y H O C T b ,
B b m e p X U B a T b H a r P Y 3 K Y O T I P Y 3 0 B U T P a H C I I O P T H b l X C p e A C T B , 6 b I ˜ bU I N e H U Y -r
HbIMU M ˜ ˜ ˜ O I I ˜ C H M M UI I e p e n B U X e H U R J I D & e f i U T p a H C I I O p T H b I X C p e A C T B .
AJIR
˜ O K P ˜ I TT UK ˜ X IIOJIOB A e J I a D T MOHOJlMTHbIM ToJII&MHo˜˜ 40 - 50 MM U 3 &TO-
aM
MH H e c y u H M n T ˜ H ˜ M H ˜
y, n i K P O B ˜ H3a c q e cnou K ˜ P ˜ M ˜ H T O B O rpaeuu n e p e ˜ e n ˜ o h ˜ U H H H .
i ˜ TO TO
C O C T ˜KBO B n H : 1 - 3 a I U H T H b I f i c n o A H 3 T p a B H R , B T O I l n e H H O r O B a H T H C e n T H P O B a H H y I 0 6 H T y M H y I O M a C T H K y ;
p
2 - 4 cnon r n n p o w 3 0 n a H a r o p n q e e ˜ H T Y M H O ˜ c˜T n K e ; 3 - xononnau ˜ H T Y M H ˜ pUy H T o n K a ; 4 - U ˜ M ˜ H T H O - n e c q a -
Ma r
H a u c r n m K a 30 M M ; 5 - K ˜ P ˜ M ˜ H T OrB a ˜ n f - OT 5 no 200 M M ; 6 - x e n e 3 0 6 e ˜ o n ˜ ˜ c T o T e n u e BOKPH-
pH ˜ i ny e
T H U 220 M M ; 7 - X O J I O n H a R ˜ H T Y M H B U T P Y H T O B K B ; 8 - n e H O l l O J l H C T H P O i l nc6-c - 200 M M ; 9 - I U T y K a T y p K a
U e M e H T H O - H 3 B e C T K O B b l M P a C T B O P O M - 20 M M



U J U U 3 a p M U p O B a H H b I X M 0 3 a U q H b I X IIJIUT P a 3 M e P O M 500X
400
H a MapKA
X500X40 M M U 3 6 e ˜ 0 ˜ a P K H 400. Ha X O n O f i H J I b H H K a X ˜aJI0fiB M e C T H -
M
MOCTH A O n y C K a e T C R A B ˜ X C ˜ O ˜ ˜ H O ˜˜ ˜ ˜ T O ˜ ˜ T O K p b lH U e ˜ T O A U U -
C@ nO H TO
HOG 40-50 MM.
Ha y 4 a C T K a X U H T e H C U B H O r O A B U X e H U R ( H a ˜ J I ˜ T @ o ˜ M B xK ,O p M A O p a X tl
˜
s e c ˜ u 6 m n ˜ x )o n y c K a e T c R n p u M e H e H n e M e T a n n w t e c K M x n n u T .
A
n o n b ˜K a M e p , T e M n e p a T y p a K O T O P ˜ I X -2OC M B b I u l e , MOXHO no B C ˜ A
I I O B e p X H O C T U H e U 3 0 ˜ H P O B a T b . n s i Y M e H b U l e H N R T e n J I O n p M T O K O B IIO I l e p k i M e T p y
A
H a P Y X H b l X C T e H B 3 T O M C A y q a e I l p e A y C M a T p U R a ˜ TO T C b I n K Y U 3 H a C b l n H O r O
T ˜ ˜ ˜ O M ˜ O ˜ R U H O ˜ a ˜O ˜ O a n a . .K O H C T P ˜ K U U W nona A n R K a M e p , T e M n e p a -
H H epu B
T y p a B K O T O P ˜ I X 6onee H U ˜ K ˜ R p e n y c M a T p u s a w i ˜ e n n o u ˜ o n ˜ u a3 o u H e - ui M
n,
P a J O B a T H b l X U n N I I ˜ H O ˜ O J I N C T ˜ P O J ˜ ˜ n nM X U J U H a C b l I I H b l X M a T e p U a J I O B , a
H NT
H a n H H M U - ˜ ˜ T O H H Y I O T R X K Y T O J ˜ U H O 50 - 80 M M . ' Ann 3 a U U T M O T
C ˜

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