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. 8
( : 20)



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HUeM 0 6 ' b e ˜ ˜ o f i IIPOU3BOAUTeJIbHOCTU K O M n P e C C O P O B , M O X H O PYKOBOACTBO-
B a T b C R C J I e A y I O I q U M I I p a B U J l O M : eCJIU C y M M a p H a R T e O p e T H q e C K a R 0 6 - b e ˜ ˜ a R
' ˜ P O U ˜ B O A U T ˜ J I ˜ H O C T ˜ p e C C O P O B 06eux c ˜ y n e ˜ e fB A B ˜ X C T ˜ ˜ ˜ H ˜ ˜ T O
i
KOMn
Y C T a H O B K e 6 y n e ˜M e H b U I e 0 6 . 6 e ˜ ˜ o f i O U 3 B O A U T e J I b H O C T U K O M n p e C C O p a B
nP




KaMepHoe 060py˜osa˜ue.
f l n R O X J l a X J l e H U R K a M e p X O J I O ˜ U J I b H U K O B HPUMeHRIOT:
d a ˜ a p e i i ˜ o u n u ˜ u x o e )o x n a x n e H w e , n p u KOTOPOM B K a M e p e B O ˜ H U K ˜ -
(e
e T e C T e C T B e H H a R UMPKYJRUU5l B O 3 A Y X a ;
˜ o ˜ ˜ y x o o x n a ˜ ( u ˜ ˜ A˜Y˜˜ ˜ O x n a x ˜ e ˜ u,e )npu
ou
BO e H ˜˜
OxnaxAeHue
KOTOPOM B K a M e p e c o 3 n a e ˜ cn˜p u ˜ y n u ˜ e n bUUPKYJIRUUR ˜ 0 3 n y x a n o A
˜a˜
B O ˜ A ˜ ˜ ˜ C T BeHTUJIRTOpOB B O ˜ J J ˜ X O O X J I ˜ A U T ˜ J I ˜ ˜ ˜ ;
BU˜M
C M e U I a H H O e O X J I a X A e H U e , n p H KOTOPOM B K a M e p e y C T a H a B n U B a I O T K a K
B a ˜ a p e u ,T a K U BO3AyXOQXJIaAUTeJIU.
O C H O B H Op˜ U M y U e C T B O 6 a ˜ a p e f i ˜ o r 0 X J I a X A e H U R - C p a B H U T e n b H O
II e O
K
˜ e 6 0 n b l l I a R Y C y U K a IlpOAyKTOB, X p a H R U U X C R B H e y n a K O B a H H O M BUAe.
H e A O C T a T K a M 3TUX CUCTeM OTHOCRTCR 6 0 ˜ 1 b U I i t R M e T a J l J l O e M K O C T b , H e p a B H O -
M e p H o c T b P a c n p e n e n e H u R T e M n e p a T y p b I no 0 6 ' b e ˜ y K a M e p b I u ˜ p y n ˜ o c ˜ b
O T T a U B a H U R UHeR.
C U C T ˜ M 3 AI U I H O r O O X J I a X A e H U R JIUIIIeHbI 3TUX H e A O C T a T K O B , n 0 3 T O M y
B0 ˜ y
O H M H a x o A R T B c e 6onee m u p o K o e p a c n p o c T p a H e H u e . Y ˜ e n w q e ˜ un o T e p b
e
I I p O A y K T a B p e 3 y J l b T a T e YCyUIKU, RBJIRIOllleeCR OCHOBHbIM HeAOCTaTKOM 3TUX
CUCTeM, I I p e O A O J I e B a I O T I I y T e M n p U M e H e H U R y n a K O B O q H b l X IIJIeHOqHbIX M a -
T e p M a J I O B , I l p M M e H e H M R 3 K P a H O R M 3 H ˜ A ˜ @ M U H T H ˜ MX T e P M a J I O B AJlR nepe-
Ia
X B a T b I B a H N R T e n J I O n P M T O K O B qepe3 CTeHbI, A O Y B J l a X H e H M e M B 0 3 A Y X a B K a M e p e .
B K y p C O B b l X M A H n n O M H b I X n p o e K T a x n p M ˜b16opecnoco6a H n p ˜ 6 0 p o ˜
OXJIaXAeHMR MOXHO IlpeAYCMaTPMBaTb:
B K a M e P a X O X J a X A e H N R M 3 a M O P a X M B a H M R IIPOAYKTOB - B 0 3 A Y U I H O e
O x n a x A e H u e c I I C ˜ O J I ˜ ˜ O B ˜ HB O ˜ A ˜ X O O X J I ˜ A U 0T6˜e ˜c ˜ ˜ ˜ ,n ˜ a l 0 ˜ u x
N˜M ne
MHTeHCUBHYfO UWPKYJIRUMIO B O 3 A y X a ;
B K a M e p a x X p a H e H U n M O P O X e H b I X l"PY3OB 6e3 Y n a K O B K U - 6 a ˜ a p e f i ˜ o e
( T N X O ˜ ) O X n a X A e H M e C U C n O J I b 3 0 B a H U e M nOTOJIOqHbIX 6a˜apeHM3 o p e 6 p e ˜ -
UJlM I I a H e J l b H b l X I l O T O J O ˜ H b I X M l l P U C T e H H b l X 6a˜apefi;
HblX T P Y ˜
B K a M e P a X X P a H e H U R M O P O X e H b I X T P Y 3 0 B , 3 a U M U e H H b I X OT YCYUIKM, -
n o s ˜ y u r ˜ ooex n a x A e H t i e c n o M o q b I o ˜ o 3 ˜ y x o o x n a ˜ ˜ ˜ e06ecnesu˜a10- nefi,
UlMX Y M e P e H H Y I O UMPKYJIRUMIO B O 3 A y X a ;
B K a M e P a X X P a H e H U R O X J l a X A e H H b l X r P y 3 0 B BCeX BMAOB - B 0 3 A y U I H O e
o x n a x A e H w e c a c n o n b 3 o ˜ a ˜ u ˜ o s a y x o o x n a n ˜ ˜ e n e f i6 e c n e ˜ u ˜ a r o q u x
0,

'
y M e P e H H y H 3 QAPKYJIRUUIO B O 3 A y X a ;
B K a M e P a X C YHWBePCaJIbHbIM T e M n e p a T y p H b l M P e X U M O M - 6 a T a p e f i ˜ o e
O X J l a X A e H M e C M C n O J l b 3 O B a H U e M nOTOJIOqHbIX 6 a ˜ a p e f iAJlH H H 3 K O T e M n e p a -
T y p H o r o p e m m a M ˜ o s ˜ y r u ˜ o e c ˜ e u r a ˜ ˜ oxnaxneane c wcnonbso˜a-
(una oe)
HMeM B O ˜ A Y X O O X J I ˜ A M T ˜ 0 I6˜ e ˜ , n e ˜ ˜ ˜ a f OY 1 u pu H H y I O UWPKYJl5lUMIO B 0 3 -
J ˜ Me e ˜
A y X a AJIR P e X M M a O X j I a X A e H M R IIpOAyKTOB;
IIMTaHUR - 6 a ˜ a -
TOprOBJIM U O ˜ U ˜ C T B ˜ H H O ˜ O
B KaMePaX n p e ˜ n ˜ M R ˜ M f i
pefi˜0e M J U B O 3 A y U I H O e O X J I a X A e H M e C N C n O J I b 3 O B a H M e M COOTBeTCTBeHHO
6a˜apefi UjIM B O ˜ ˜ ˜ X O O X J I ˜ ˜ U T ˜ J ˜ ˜ ˜OT K O M I I J I ˜ K T H O ˜
B 3aBMCHMOCTU ˜ IIOCTaBKU
O˜O˜˜J(OB˜H˜R.
Tun K O H A e H C a T O p a B M ˜ N P ˜ I OB 3aBUCNMOCTM OT H a 3 H a q e H M R YCTaHOBKA,
T
ycJIoI3Mfi B O A O C H ˜ ˜ X ˜ H A R a Y e C T B a BOAbI C YYeTOM KJIMMaTMqeCKNX A a H H b I X .
NK
B ˜ O A ˜ U I U H C TC J˜ Y a e B H a K P Y n H b l X M C p e A H U X Y C T a H O B K a X , p a 6 o ˜ a m -
By
U U X C I I p N M e H e H M e M p a 3 J I U Y H b I X X J ˜ A ˜ ˜ H T O U C,n O J l b 3 y I O T K O H A ˜ H C ˜ T O P ˜ I
B
C BOARHMM O X n a X A e H M e M ( ˜ o ˜ M ˜ o H T ˜ JKI O H ˜ I ˜O T ˜ ˜ ˜ H T OI UeJIeCO-
˜X X 9˜ ˜),
o 6 p a 3 ˜ on p U HaJIUlIMU o 6 0 p o ˜ ˜ o r o ˜ ˜ O C H ˜ ˜ X ˜ H M R .
BO
B C J I y q a e ˜ P R M O T O ˜ HCMCTeMb1 B O A O C ˜ K ˜ ˜ 113˜e C TU RB e H H b l X BOAO-X H eCT
O˜˜
e M 0 B H a K P Y n H b I X XOJIOAMjIbHblX Y C T a H O B K a X , P ˜ ˜ O T ˜ I O U M a a M M U a K e , HX
U C n O n b 3 y I O T B e p T M K a J I b H b I e K O X Y X O T P Y ˜ H ˜ KOI-IAeHCaTOPLI.

A n R P ˜ ˜ ˜ O H C H M ˜ K O ˜ H O C U T ˜ J I ˜ H B J˜ a X H O C T b I O BO3A)'Xa
OB OT ˜ O I˜ PeKOMeH-
a y e T C R I l P U M e H R T b N C n a p M T e n b H b l e KOHAeHCaTOpbI.
n p M ˜ e ˜ 1 e ˜ B 0 3eA y U I H b I X K O H A e H C a T O P O B 4 e ˜ 1 e ˜ 0 0 6 p a 3 ˜ C e B e p H b l X M
B0
M
'cpen˜ax n n M a T n q e c K N x paiio˜ax;B I O X H ˜ I X pafio˜ax OHO o r p a H M s e H o n3-3a
K
.
.
(
˜ b 1 ˜ 0 1 < 0 f ie M n e p a T y p b I H a p y X H O I ' O B O 3 A y X a .
T
˜ P M C n O J b 3 0 B a H l i M KOH,lleHCaTOpOB B 0 3 A y U H O r O O X J I a X A e H k I R I I p e A n O q -
M
T e H R e C J I e A y e T O T A a B a T b BbIHOCHbIM ( H ˜ ˜ P M M ˜ p b l U I ˜ b 1K˜ ) A e H C a T O p a M ,
P, OH
T a K K a K n p M p a 3 M e U l e H k I M 6 0 n b ˜ ˜ t 0 i - 0 KOJIMqeCTBa K O H A e H C a T O p O B BHYTPM
I I O M e r U e H U R AJIR Y A a J I e H N R ˜ b l ˜ e J I 5 t I O U l e f i c T e n J I O T b I KOHAeHCaUMM T ˜ ˜ ˜ Y ˜ T C
R
YCTPO˜˜CTBO o I I o J I H u T ˜ J I ˜ H o ˜ ˜ U T O Y H O - B ˜ I T R X H O ˜ ˜
A ˜P BeHTMnRUMM.




P a c q e ˜ ˜ b l (pa6o˜afi)P e X M M
fi X O J I O A M J ˜ H O ˜ ˜C T ˜ H O B K HX a p a K T e p U 3 y e T C R
Y
t,,
B C a C M B a H M R (naps H a B X O A e
T e M n e p a T y p a M M KMneHMR to, KOHAeHCaUHM
tBc
B ˜ o ˜ n p e c c o p ) n n e p e o x n a x A e H m >rcMAKoro x n a A a r e H T a n e R e A perynn-
P y l o W U M BeHTMJIeM t u . ˜ H ˜ ˜ 3TMX IH a pR M e T p O B ˜ b l 6 M p a I OB˜ 3 a B M C M V O C T H
˜HIa
OT H a 3 H a q e H M H X O J I O A ˜ ˜ J I ˜ H O ˜ ˜
YCTaHOBKM M P a C q e T H b I X H a P Y X H b l X y c J I 0 B M f i .
T e M Il e p a T y p y K M II e H M R B Y C T a H O B K a X C H e n O C p e n C T B e H H b I M
O X J I a X A e H W M I l p M H M M a I O T B 3 a B M C U M O C T H O T ˜ ˜ c Y ˜ T TH M n ˜ p a T y p b I 803-
eo e
nyxa B K a M e p e .
n p M n P O e K T N P O B a H N N X J I a A O H O B b l X Y C T a H O B O K T e M I I e p a ' C y p y KMneHMR
I I p U H M M a l o T H a 14 i 1 6 " C H M X e 3 ˜ 0 f i e M n e p a T y p b I .
T




q e H M X e T e M n e p a T y p a B O 3 A y X a B K a M e p e , T e M MeHbLUMM IlPMHMMaIOT
˜
nepenan M e x n y ˜ e ˜ n e p a ˜ y p ˜ o s n y x aM K u n e H u H . l l p ˜
oii pacqe-re cneusa-
J I H 3 U p O B a H H b I X K a M e p X p a H e H M H HMU M @PYKTOB T a K X e I l P M H A M a l O T ˜ e 6 0 ˜ 1 b -
U10fi I I e p e I I a A (5 - 6"C), q˜06b1UCKJIlOYMTb n O A M O P a X A B a H M e ITPOAYKTOB.
B XOJIOAHJIbHMKaX C 6 0 n b L L I k f ˜ q M C n O M K a M e p C p a 3 H b I M U T e M I I e p a T Y P a M M
B O 3 n y X a K a M e p M r p y n n U p y 1 O T T a K H M 0 6 p a s o ˜ ,r 1 ˜ 0 6 b 1 r I U C n O P a C Z I e T H b I X
T e M n e p a T y p K n n e H u H H a x o n o n u n b H M K e H e n p e s b l r u a n o T p e x . Hanpki˜ep,
to = - 10°C - AJIH K a M e p C HYJleBhIMM M nJIIOCOBbIMM T e M n e p a T y p a M H ,
t o = -25 -30°C - AJIH K a M e p X p a H e H M R M O P O X e H b I X IIPOAYKTOB ki
to = -40°C - AJIH M O P 0 3 M J I b H b I X K a M e p M M O p 0 3 k i J I b H b I X a r p e r a T 0 B .
B XOJOAPinbHbIX YCTaHOBKaX C PaCCOJIbHbIM O X J I a X n e H M e M K a M e p T e M n e -
p a T y p y K u n e H m x n a A a r e H T a n p u H A M a r o T H a 4 - 6°C H M x e cpen˜efi e M n e p a -
T
TYPM paccona B npaAopax oxnaxnesan:
+ 6) "C.
to = t, - (4
Ecna X O J I O A H n b H b I e MaLLIHHbI a M M M a Z I H b I e , T O O ˜ H ˜ I H IIRMHMMaIOT M e H b -
O
wae 3 ˜ a q Te M˜ e p a T ˜ p H o r o H a n o p a (4 - 5"C'), a ecnu x n a n o H o s b I e -
en˜y
60nburue (5 - 6°C).
˜IPH ˜b160pe a c q e ˜ ˜ o rpo x u M a T e M n e p a T y p y p a c c o J r a H a s b I x o , T e ˜3
p e
6 a ˜ a p e uU n M P a C C 0 ; I b H O r O BO3AyXOOXJlaAUTeJIFi ts2 n P M H M M a I O T H a 6 - 8°C
H u x e ˜ o s n y x aB K a M e p e t,, a n o a o r p e B paccona npu n p o x o x n e H k i u qepes
npa6op o x n a x n e H u H A t , = 2 i 4°C.
T ˜ K M 6 p a 3 0 ˜C p e A H m T e M n e p a T y p a paccona t,B npn6opax o x n a K n e H m
0M ,

-


rne c p e n ˜ e a p u @ ˜ e ˜ t i q ˜ c ˜ ˜ n p a ˜ y p Hanop, i ˜ e ˜ b l u e e
ee ne ˜b˜f 314a.te˜ueKoToporo npn-
e
P
; -
HMMaloT nnn 6 o ˜ e e N B K H X TeMnepaTyp ˜ o 3 n y x aB Karepe
H




+ (2 i 4 ) " C = + At, + ( 2 + 4 ) " C .
t,= t,z t,,
B Y C T a H O B K a X C B03AYUIHbIM OX-
JIaj-kAeHMeM KUHAeHCaTOpa IeMflepii-
T y p y KOHneHCauUU IlpUHUMaDT:
A j l H X J l a A O H O B b l X XOJlOAMJlbHblX M a -
U M H - H a 10 - 12°C B b I U I e p a c Y e ˜ ˜ 0 f i
TeMnepaTypbI HapyXHOrO B03AyXa

+ (10 i 12)"C;
t, = t,
AJIR a M M U a Y H b l X XOJIOnUJIbHblX M a -
W U H - H a g - 1 1O C B b l I I I e P ˜ C Y ˜ T H O ˜ ˜
T e M n e p a T y p b l H a p y X H O r O BO3AyXa




. -.
HOBKaX C UCnapUTeJIbHbIMU KOHAeHCa-
MCnapHTeJlbHblX KOHlleHCaTOpaX
TOPaMU T e ˜ n e b a ˜ y p yK O H A e H C a U U U
n P U H M M a I O T B 3 a B B C U M O C T U O T T e M n e p a T y p b I H a P Y X H O r O B 0 3 A y X a no C M O -
q e H H O M y T e p M O M e T p y M nJIOTHOCTM T e n J O B O r O I I O T O K a q p ( C M . PMC. 1 1.1 ) .
O n ˜ m a n b ˜ o e a s e ˜ u e= 2,5 KBT.
s˜ q,
˜ b r x t,,
Te˜nepa˜ypy a c b ˜ ˜ a e n a p o ˜ npuHMMamT:
˜c
B a M M U a q H b l X M a U I U H a X C OAHOCTYneHqaTbIM KOMIIpeCCOPOM U AJIR B T O P O ˜ ˜
+
t,, to (5 1O)"C; A.3R n e p ˜ o f i
=
CTyneHU nByXCTyneHqaTb1X KOMnpeCCOpOB
+
-- to ( 1 0 f
t,,
CTyneHM aMMUaqHbIX ABYXCTYneHYaTblX KOMnPeCCOPOB
i 20)"C. @ X J I a A O H O B b I X M a U M H a X C P e r e H e p a T M B H b l M T ˜ ˜ J I O O ˜ M ˜ H H M K O M
-+
t,, = 15 20°C ( B p e 3 y n b ˜ a ˜ e e p e r p e B a r r a p o B B T ˜ ˜ J I O O ˜ M ˜ E H M K
n
H ˜ O ˜ X O A M MnO o u I a n M ˜ e n n o n e p e ˜ a m u en io ˜ e p x ˜ o c. ˜ a )
f
n˜ ˜
T e ˜ n e p a ˜ y p Xy M A K O ˜ O x n a ˜ a r e ˜ nepen p e r y n M - ˜a
t,
PYIOUMM BeHTUJIeM n P M H U M a K ) T : A J I R X J l a A O H O B b l X XOJIOAMJIbHbIX M a U I M H
C P e r e H e p a T M B H b I M T ˜ ˜ J I O O ˜ M ˜ H H M - no y n e J I b ˜ 0 f i3 H T a J I b n M U X A A K O C T U ,
KOM
KOTOPYD, B C B O D O q e P e A b , HaXOART M3 TenJIOBOrO 6 a n a ˜ c a ˜ ˜ J I O O ˜ M ˜ H H M K ˜ T
LlJIR a M M H a q H b I X XOJIOAMJIbHblX MaLUMH 6e3 i l e P e 0 X ; l a A U T e J I R XMAKOCTM U AJIR
X J I a A O H O B b I X M a I I I M H 6e3 P e r e H e p a T M B H O r O T ˜ ˜ J I o o ˜ M ˜ H H- K a˜ B ˜ 0 f T e M n e -
Mp i
PaType H ˜ C ˜ I U ˜ H H O ˜ ˜ XMAKOCTM n p M P a C q e T H O M A a B J I e H M U K O H A e H C a U M U .
T e M I I e p a ˜ y p X H n K o r o xnanaree-ra, B b r x o n R r u e r o 143 a ˜ e e s u ˜ a o M e x y -
˜ np
n P U H M M a a T H a 4-6OC
TOqHOrO COCYAa, BblUIe T e M n e P a T y p b l KMneHMR
x n a A a r e H T a B TOM a n n a p a T e .




x o n o ˜ u n b ˜ o i iM a r U t i H b l RBJRDTCR:
3a˜aqah.1˜ Tennoeoro pacqeTa
˜ p e 6 y e ˜ o h 6 ' b e ˜ ˜ o f in p O M 3 B O A M T e J I b H O C T U K O M n P e C C O p a ;
0
OnpeAeJIeHMe
n o ˜ 6 o pK o M n p e c c o p a ; onpeneneme n o ˜ p e 6 n ˜ e ˜ MOLUHOCTM; O n p e A e j l e H u e
ofi
˜ e n J I 0 ˜ 0 H ia T P Y 3 K M H a K O H A ˜ H C ˜ T ˜ P .
f
M C X O A H ˜AIa˜ H b l e AJIR T e n J l O B O r O P a C q e T a : ˜ p e 6 y e ˜ O J I˜ A O n p O M 3 B O -
Xa O
H
pi3˜˜0fi enJI0˜0fi Harpy3Ke H a
AUTeJIbHOCTb MaUIUHbI, IIpNHUMaeMaR T
K O M r I p e C C O p (c.M. m. 9) ; P a C Y e T H a R ( C T P Y K T Y P H ˜ R ) C X e M a X O J I O A M J I ˜ H O ˜a˜ I M -
MU
H b l ; p a c q e ˜ ˜ b l T ie ˜ n e p a ˜ y p ˜ b Pl efX M M .
f i
Tenno˜ofiP a C Y e T B b l ˜ O J I I l R I O T B C J l e A Y I O U e M I I O P R A K e .
C O C T ' ˜ B J I R D T P a C Y e T H y K ) (CTPYKTYPHYIO) C X e M y M a U U H b I . Ha ˜ e f uso6pa- i
X a D T K O M n p e C C O p , T ˜ ˜ J I o o ˜ M ˜ HI I n a p I T b 1 , B K O T O P b l X M 3 M e H R K ) T C R na-
a H ˜ a˜
p a M e T p b 1 xnanarema, u perynupy˜omufiB e H T u n b ( C M . p ˜ c . 11.3).
,
3 a T e ˜˜b16MpaDTpacqeT˜b1fi A
19
2
XOJIOAMJI˜HO˜
PeXMM MaUIUHb1.
Ha OFHOBaHMM IIpMh˜T0fi
c˜py˜˜ypuofi cxeMb1 M pacqeT-
˜ o r o e x u ˜ aCTPORT X O ˜ O A U J I ˜ -
p 07- \
˜b1fi U M K J B TeI'lJI0˜0fiAUarpaM-
M ( 0 6 b 1 9 ˜ 0 B i - lg p ) AJIR
e 06-
B ˜ I ˜ P ˜ H H O IxnaAareHTa. B no-
-o
R C H U T ˜ J I ˜ H 3anUCKe C X e M y U A K -
O˜˜
na p a c n o n a r a m ˜ R A O M C T P ˜ K - a4 -
co
˜
˜ y p ˜ o f ic x e ˜ o f i o ˜ ˜ ˜ ˜ ˜ ˜ ˜ b ˜ ˜ f i
MaUIMHbl. T O ˜ K M 03-
UMKJIa ‚¬4 CO-
MeCTa Ha
O B T T Y L l e UM
T e C B D LM
'1
C X e M e OTMeqaDT O Hl M M Te-
A IM
a,-
M M me U M @ P ˜ M M . n a p a ˜ e ˜ p b ˜
(Te˜ne-
y3AOBbIX TOqeK UMKJIa
p a ˜ y p y , A ˜ B J ˜ H U ˜y ,˜ e n b ˜ b l e 2 4 6 8 ' 1 0 /2 f4 f6 f8PHpBc
3HTaJbnUD M 0 6 % e ˜ ) , e o 6 x o - PUC11.2. K O ˜ @ @ H U M ˜ H T ˜ Io n a q n KOMflpeCCOpOB'
˜ n
A M l AJIR T e n J I O B O r O PaCLIeTa,
M be canbsnroeue Komnpeccopbl 1 - d e r c a n b ˜ , t ˜ o
In3 -
4 - BHHTOBWe
Bble n O p W H e B b l e .
BnMCbIBalOT B T ˜ ˜ J I M U Y .
Onpenenmo˜OcHoBHble napaMeTpb1 TeopeTuqecKoro uMKna M ˜ p e 6 y e ˜ y˜1
O ˜ % ˜ M H Y IIlpOM3BOAMTeJIbHOCTb ( n o ˜ a s y ) O M n p e C C O p a .
K
O
Y n e n b ˜ a n MaccoBan xo.iloAol1powseon1ire˜1b˜d˜˜bI U A M J I ˜ H O L ' Od i e t i ˜ a
AO.J
KA˜/K˜)
(a
( 1 1.1)
qo=il -14.




( 1 1.3)
qk = i2 - i3,.
pacxon UMpKynwpymqero xnanarewa, nnR
˜ p e 6 y e ˜ b 1 i i oTBona
Maccoabrfi
T e ˜ J I O ˜ P M T O K O BB K T / C ) ,
(
( 1 1.4)
MT = QoTlqo,
˜ p e 6 y e x o n˜o n o n p o ˜ 3 ˜ o n ˜ ˜ e n bKoMnpeccopa.
r n e Q,, ˜a ˜oc˜b
-




Aanee Ha VT n o ˜ a ˜ a n o My ˜ a 6 . n ˜ -
e˜˜˜ rn
M
OcHoBaHwi nonyqeHHoro 3 ˜ a q
U a M n o ˜ 6 ˜ p a arperaT WAki KOMnJleKCHym XOJIOAMJIbHyD MIEILLIAHY C K O M n P e C -
to˜
vhm
Ha 20 - 40% 6 0 ˜ 1 b u 1˜ p e 6 y e ˜ O r O
C O p a M N , O ˜ % ˜ M HIIOAaqa K T P I
˜R O O bX e
V,, c l ˜ o0 6 e c n e q ˜ ˜ ap a 6 0 ˜ y KoMnpeccopa c K O ˜ @ @ M U ˜ I ˜ H T O M
e˜ pa6oqero
BpeMeHM b = 0,8 f 0,6.
A e i i c ˜ s ˜ ˜ e n b ˜˜ arc c o e b ˜ pacxon x n a n a r e ˜ ˜ aKoMnpeccope
b ii fi B
rae I, ynenbHaR p a 6 o ˜ acxaTuR KoMnpeccope, d x / ˜ r .
B
--




KI'IA ˜ ˜ 0.8 {60nb1uue
m e 'Ill - U H ˜ U K ˜ T O ˜ H ˜[AJIx Manbllt U CpeAHUX KOMflpeCCOpOB q, = 0,7
SHaqeHHR OTHOCRTCR K donee Kp).nIkl˜ K O M ˜ ˜ ˜ C C O ˜ ˜ M ) ] .
3. H ˜ X O ˜MOUlHOCTb
RT BaJJy KoMnpeccopa ( ˜ @ $ ˜ K T M B H Y HM O U H O C T ˜ )
˜
Ha
N e = N, l V M ˜ Y ( I1 . 1 0 )
7


We qHex hfe˜a˜JiqecK4ik"i n a KOMnpeCCOpa, 3HaqeHHe KOTOPOPO 3aBHCliT 07' OTHOllleHHR
K
--
+
naezle˜ufi p, / po: npu pK / po = 5 7 q,,, = 0,9, npu p, / po = l l f 13 q,,, = 0,8.




(1 1.12)
(i2-&+).
QK=MKMqK=MKM

unn c noTepb ( n e f i c ˜ s u ˜ e n ˜ ˜a ar ˜ y s ˜ a )
t p
yqeToM
+
=Qo NII (11.13)
QKli


N1
Fne Qo - X O ˜ ˜ ˜ O ˜ ˜ O H ˜ B O ˜ ˜ ˜ B b˜l J p a ˜ ˜O KOMnPeCCOPa, KBT;
6T ˜ H 4C 3 ˜
˜T - UHnHKaTOpHaR
T
MOWHOCTb, KBT; a , L 3 r - YnenbHblC 3HTaJlbnHR XjlanareHTa B COOTBeTCTBylOLIiUK TOqKaX TeClpe-
i
TUqeCKOrG UUKJIa, ˜ a m 1 l . r .
Tenno˜oiiHOTOK B KOHAeHCaTOpe, P ˜ C C ˜ M T ˜ Hn0 ˜@I O ˜˜ M Y A ( 1 1 . 1 2 ) ,
˜
H ˜

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