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H e C K O J b K O M e H b U r U M (Ha 6 --- 7P/O), q e M P ˜ C C Y U T ˜ H Hno I $0p˜j'JIe
6yfieT ˜˜
( 1 1.13), n03TOMy n p e ˜ n 0 q ˜ U ˜ e J l b n W fb i3 0 B a T b C H @ 0 p h f y J I o f i ( 1 1.13).
˜e
I l p n ˜ e p1. Bb˜no.ntin˜b rennonofi pacqeT k 110n06paTb KoMnpeccop o n ˜ o c r y n e ˜ s a ˜ o ˜ XOJIO-
nUjlbH0fi MBUHHbl, p a 6 0 ˜ a m u e i i Ha R12. h1idl˜'˜Ha npeAHa3˜aqeHa AnR HciIOCpenCTBeHHOrO
OXJlalKneHUR KaMepM XpaHeHHR pbl6bl npU t , = -2°C U KaMepbl XpaYeqUR MRCa npU 1, = CIGC
Tennosae ˜ a r p y s ˜ a KOMnpeCCOp Q = 3,2 KBr . n a p a ˜ e ˜ p ItapyxtJoro Bosa)lxa 1, == 28'2;
,
Ha bt
rfH = 42% ( M o c ˜ a a ) .
C O L T ˜ B J ˜ CTPYKTYPHYK) C e Y ˜˜JICJrl!-i.-bt˜˜ii
RCM XM YCTaHOBKU (PUC.11.3).
˜ J I R9 T O I O npnHHMaC'kl, W"l' GXJIalK˜eqhegd'Jep 6 y ˜ e T O(.YUleCTB.liRTbCR OnHOTPMnePaTYP-
HOR ˜ a n o i ! O J I O A U A ˜ H V ˜ ˜U I L I H O C ˜OXJIdXAPfllt'bl KOHneHCaTOpa B O ˜ O G U 3 O ˜ O P O T H OCHtTeh.lbl
X MB ˜ ˜
(CM. rn. 12. 5 1 ) .
B b l 6 u p a e ˜p a c q e ˜ ˜ b lpeIWUM YCTaHOBKU ($ 1 1 1 ) .
h
1. q ˜ 0 6 b l06eclleskt˜b3 KaMepe c C B M ˜li3koiil e ˜ n e p a ˜ y p o f i a ˜ e p axpaHetiuu phl6bl)
(K
˜

- TeMnepa-rypy Kmneiinn vnaaoHa to =
cpenHloto TeunepaTypy -2"C, ˜eo6rcqh˜o
15 = -2 - 15 = -17°C.
t,
=t

C o o ˜ s e r c ˜ a y l o u l eAaRnriawe B ucnapuTene ro = 0,17 M n a (no ˜ a 6 n u u e tiacblmFtiFib1x
e
napos R12) unu no AuarpaMMe i -- Igp
2. T e ˜ n e p a ˜ y pBonbl, n o c ˜ y n a ˜ m eHa KoHneHcaTop, npuHuMaeM Ha 6°C sblllre TeMnepa-
y ii
TYPM B O ˜ J Y X ˜no C M O ˜ ˜ H H O M YTepAnoMeTpy, ˜ o r o p y i o onpenenneb: c noMou[bm i-- d -

- OHa paeHa t,, = lg°C, cnenosa-
nuarpaMMb1 BnaxHoro B031lyX.I. A . ˜ H ycnosnW M ˜ C K B ˜ ˜ I
TenbHO, At,, 19 $- 6 = 25-C
n e At,
˜ ˜ P U I I W M ; ˜ nvnvrpeB eo7rw B ˜ o ˜ ˜uTn;ja ˜ t 5 4"C, n o s ˜ o ˜ y
VTO ˜ M , TeMnepaTypa KOH-
+ 3 = 25 4-4 r 3 -- 32°C. a coo.reercreyro˜ee naweuue p, =
pencasun t, = t,, f At,
= 0,8 M n a
npuHnMaeM p a b t m 51°C, a B Tenno-
3 neperpelr napon a HcriapuTene ti ˜pyB.sn?o,˜,?ae
-
O ˜ M ˜ H H H K C A 0 20°C.
-
xo.l˜o˜rinbsb˜ii I u l B near pahtirla r lg p nfin x n a n o ˜ a - 1 2 (CM. pec 1 c 3 ) .
CT˜OUM 4U
1. I-1an.rc.i˜ tra auarpaMo˜iy a3oGapbc p, = 0 17 M n a H p, = 0.8 M n a
2. IIpo:cxr,..lcae˜ ˜ ˜ H K H , Bnpano no ncpcc.:t:inR c ˜ 3 o 1 e p ˜ a h ,. ,1= - j2'C H t l = O ° C .
po t˜
a - pacqerean cxema; 6 - uuKn i - Igp-nnarpau˜e
B




3naxie.i:ir h = 0,73 nprr:sRro no ˜ p m $ ˜p1iC- 11.2 npu p , / p , = O,R;J!0,17 = 4,7 ˜ q C ˜ ˜ ? L , H H -
˜y n
KOBUX K9M*lpeCCOp@B (C = 4.5%)
13. 17c 3 H I J 4 r ) H f i A L vT= 0,0CS43 M ˜ / ' c k13 Tabn. 12.1 ˜blf;˜lpae,\r
X0Jlonllnbily:o kIdmnHy
V, 0.0043
-
b=----- 0.75, clle,lonaTeJILll˜, MallIHlfa n o u o 6 p a ˜ anpaBHJbH0
V,, 0.0057




16. MOIUHOCTL rlpnBona KoMnpeccopa
NT= MK,lT = 0,035 . 33 = 1,16 KBT;
N, = N,/q, = 1,16/0,7 = 1,66 KBT;
N = N,/q ,, = 1.66/0,9 = L,84 KBT;
, ,
N = N3/˜13,1
, = 1,84/0,85 = 2,17 KBT.
17. T e n n o e a ˜llarpy3Ka Ha KOHfleHCaTOp B TeOpeTHrleCKOM IlHKJle
= 0,035 . 166 = 5,8 KBT.
Q = M,
, ,
q
neiic˜sn˜enb˜an HarpysKa Ha KoHAeHcaTop
Q,,,, = Q l , + N , = 1 . 5 2 + l,66=6,18 KBT.
n p ˜ ˜ e p B b l ˜ ˜ J l ˜ l l 'TerlJl0˜0˜ paCqe.T aMMllaqH0A X O J I O , ! ˜ H ˜ ˜ ˜ H YCTBIIOUKH AJlH He-
Tb
2. O˜
nocpencreenHoro oxnaxAeHun KaMep @ p y ˜ ˜ o x p a ˜ u n nB lA n ˜ a - A r e(l,, = 34°C n y l , = 35%)
ua
n nono6pa˜b KoMnpeccop, ecnn B p e 3 y n b ˜ a ˜pacqeTa TennonpnToKos B oxnaxnaeMl3e no-
e
nonyqetio CQKM 150 KBT. K O H ˜ ˜ ˜ H C ˜ T O ˜ ncnapnTenbHoro Tnna.
=
MCL˜˜H˜SI'
' I . B b 1 6 n p a e ˜pacqeTt1ue napaMeTpb1 p a G o ˜ b ˜ o n o n n n b ˜ o ˜
x YcTaHonKW. T e ˜ r l e p a ˜ y p a
˜ o s n y x a B KaMepe t,, = - 1°C (CTP. 19), TeMriepaTypa KnneHnn 10 = 11,- 5 = - 1 - 5 =
= - 6°C. T ˜ KaK KOHfleHCaTOp nCllapHTeJlbHOr0 Tnna, TeMllCpaTypy KOHAeHCaUHH HaXOAHM
K
110 pnc. 11,I. T'lpn q˜ = 2,5 KBTIM' n lllM = 22'C lK 3T°C. Te˜nepaTypy ˜ o : 3 ˜ y x a rlo
=
TepMoMeTpy l,I,M HaxounM no i - d - j l n a r p a ˜ ˜ e a n a ˜ t ˜ o r o
= 22OC BO3AyXa ,mn
CMO˜˜HHOM˜,
paCqeTHMX HBpYXHblX y˜JI0BtifiAnMa-ATbl (CM. IlpHJIOXeHMe I ) .
Y ˜ T ˜ H O nepeoxnaawenfl rnnAKocTn He npenycMoTpeHa. TeMnepaTypy RcacbieaeMblx
BK˜
+ +
napOB llPHHNMaeM fBC = 11 1 10 = -6 10 = 4'C.
2. C ˜ p o n ˜ x O J I O ˜ H ˜ ˜ MalllClHbl B AHarpaMMe i - I g p fin53 aMMHaKa ( ˜ u c .11.4). .
UllKll HO˜˜
3˜Aqe˜nn napaMerpoe xnaaareHra B o c t i o s ˜ ˜ hToqKax unKna :WHOCUM B ˜ a 6 n .11.2.
˜x
'
3. Onpeuenne˜ynenwyw, x o n o n o n p o n 3 ˜ o ˜ n ˜ e ˜ 1xnanareHTa
b˜o˜rb
q˜ = i,, - i d = 1675 - 600 = 1075 K & / Kr.
4. Yae˜lbrianp a 6 o ˜ acMaTnn B KoMnpeccope
.
I, = i2 - il = I910 - I700 = 210 KAX/ KT:-
J
5. Y n e n h ˜ a nTennonan ˜ a r p y s ˜ a KotineHcaTop
Ha

q = 12 - i3, = 1910 - 600 = 1310 K B K r .
,
6. T p e 6 y e ˜ o e KonnqecTBo u n p ˜ y n n p y ˜ ˜ ˜ u xnanarewa, ˜ e o 6 x o l l n ˜ o e n n oTeojla,
ero u
QtrVT K I Q K M 1.07 . 150 = 160 KBT:
=
=
/ = 160 / 1075 = 0,15 K r / C.
M, =..Q,,,,
. .-.
',
76 /
7 O ˜ ˜ ˜ C A C J I R 6˜yM˜ y F T e O p e T N q e C K y l o 0 6 a c ˜ ˜ y ˜ p O U 3 ˜ O ˜ l i T e J l b H O C T b M n p e C C O p a
m
˜pe e O KO
V , = l M , ˜ i / A = 0,15 0,37 / 0.69 = 0,080 M ˜ / c .
.
11 2 n p N p, / Po = 1,43 10.34 = 4.2 nJIn C a J b H U K O ' J b l X
3 H a q e H M e h HaXOANM no p l i C
K O M n p C C C O p O B ( C = 4,5%) . '
8 n o n b n p a e ˜ K o M n p e c c o p C o r n a c ˜ o˜ a 6 n 14 1 6 d ˜ u x a A m u Ano n p o n . + o o n u T e . i b t l o c T u
A1 10-7-0 c V,, = O M ' / C O n r ˜ a ˜uo ˜ r e c c ˜ o 6 p a 3 t i e i y c r ˜ ˜ t i o -
m
˜ o ˜ n p e c c o p ˜ arperai b˜ii e i
B N T b BMeCTO O A H O r O K p y n H O r O K O M n p e C C O p a 2 ? 3 ˜ e ˜ b l n˜ P e0 i 3 ˜ ˜ ˜ ˜ ˜ r ' ˜ l b a n 0 H M e p ,
N H˜ p˜ ' f H
3 K O M n p e C C O p l i b l X arperal.3 M a p K M A40 7-2 C y ˜ M a p l i O f i 0 6 b f M ˜ 0 f i llPOM3BOnllTCJlLHOCTbW
1VKM= 0 s . 3 = 0,087 M ' / C
a
6 y n y ˜p a 6 0 T a T b
npM pd˜qeTH0fi HarpysKe ABa KoMnpeccopa HeIlP˜PblRHO, OIHII -


K O ˜ @ @ M U M C H6T0 q e r 0 B p e M e H ti n n f l 3 T O r 0 K O H l l p t ' C ' < O p d
UtiKJIH'IHp. pa




9. f l e h ˜ ˜ ˜ t t ˜ e ˜ CbY ˜ M B PfH i˜ I A
Mb l ˜ a c c 0 B b l f iP a C X O n B KOMrlpeCCOpaX
. 0,087 / 0,037 = 0,162
/ 31= 0.69
XM,, = hxv,, Kr/c.
10. C y ˜ M a p H a f l XOJlOnOllpON3BOANTeJlbHOCTb
. 1195 = 194 KBT.
= 0.162
Qo = ZM,,
11. M ˜ I U H O C T ˜6 ˜ i l t I H b l ˜
CyMMapHaR (anna6a˜uafl) ˜bl KOMnF)CCCOPOB
--
, ( 12
, 1700) = 34.0 KBT.
MT=lM ) = 0,162(1910 -
1,
12. M H ˜ u K ˜ T O ˜ MOIIlHOCTb, 3 a T p i l q C H H a R H a C X a T H e I l a p O B ,
H˜˜R
NTd5,= 34 / 0.75 = 45,3 KBT.
N, =
13. M O U H O C Hil˜ B a J l y
T KOhlllpt'CCOpOB
N,, = N, / / KRT.
= 45,3 0.9 = 50.3
I),,,
14. 3 n e ˜ ˜ p u ˜ ˜ M O U Ha n T ˜ ( 1 1 0 ˜ p e 6 n n e ˜ a ful 3 C ˜ T N )
e c ˜ OC
N , = N , / llsn= 50.3 / 0.95 = 52.9 KBT, MJIM 17.6 KBT l i a ˜ n n KOMII˜CCCO˜.


440 7 2,
k l 0 ˜ N l l a J I b ˜ d fMOlUHOCTb 3 J I C n l p O A B U r d T e J R . B X O n R U l C r O 1 h O M n J C K T d r P C r r l T d
l 3
18,5 K B T , T C. a r p C r d T l10;20&pd1l C LlOCTaTOqHblM 3Bn;ICOM
COCTaBJIflf'T MOUHOCTM
15 T e n n o s a g ˜ a r p y 3 K aH a K O H A r H C i l T O p B TCOpeTM4eCKOVl U U K J e




I

g 1 l . P . TEnJlOBOtl PACqETABYXCTYllEH9ATOA XOJlOAMJlbHOR YCTAHOBKM.
llOJ+60P K O M l l PECCOPOB

pacqer n n y x - Tenno˜oii
Cxema o ˜ ˜ o i ie ˜ n e p a ˜ y p o i i
˜ KnneHuR.
c
YCTaHOBKM T a K He, KaK II o + ! ˜ H o c T ) ' ˜ ˜ H ˜ ˜ T o ˜ ˜ ,
c ˜ y n e ˜ q a ˜ o f iJ I O ˜ H J I ˜ H O ˜ ˜
XO
HaqMHalOT C C O C T a B J l e H M R npII˜LlIInIIaJlbH0fi C e b U rlOCTi>OeHkiH LIMK.na
XM l
B i - l g p - ˜ ˜ a r p a ˜ u ce1.5). M C X O ˜ H ˜ I A H bM
M UH l M AJIH PaCYeTa H B -
( ˜ ˜1 . a
nRlorcn rennosan ˜ i a r p y s ˜Ha xo.noniinbtiylo ycraHoeKy SQ,, II TeMne-
a
t,.
3˜aqeHUe XQ,,
PaTypLI t o U 3 e T O M PaCqCTa T t ? n ˜ O n p U T O K O B B
U BC H 3
oxnaxnaeMble noMelueHwR M u onpeneneHo ycnoeunMM pa6orb1 TrxliuJiora-
n
qecKNx annaparoa. ˜ H ˜ ˜ ˜ H W Rto u I 1, sanatorcn, K a K u n p u pacqere
MI
OntIOCTyneHqaTblX Y ? T ˜ H O R O K .
AnR IlOCTpOeHMR I J U K J l a ( n p n U3BeCTHhlX fo U 1,) BHaYaJle OnpefleJIRlOT
npoMeHyroq˜oenasneHue p,,, u3 ycnoeun P ˜ B ˜ H C T OR ˜ O U I ˜ H M R a ˜ n e ˜ ˜ f i
n
TH
B CHA u CBLI:
3 a ˜ e ˜ i - l g p - a u a r p a ˜ ˜npoBonm ˜ p n˜306apb1po, pnp u p K ,
Ha e
neperpeBoM napa Ha BcacbrBaHnu B KoMnpeccop CHA
sanalo˜c˜
+
AtBcls 10 2q"C n B KoMnpeccop CBH At,,, = 5 t 10°C, TeMnepa-
=
TYPON XUAKOCTB Ha BbIXOAe 113 3MeeBMKa npOMeXyTO4HOrO COCyAa
+
( 4 + 6OC) n Haxoam 3 ˜ a q e ˜ napaMeTpoB xnaAareHTa
t 3 = tnp u˜
BO B eCX Y3JlOBbIX TO4KaX d a ˜ n a . ˜ ˜ O U ˜ CCXaTNR B KOMnPeCCOPaX
C˜I
1 - 2 U 5 - 6 C4HTaWT ˜ A U ˜ ˜ ˜ T H ˜ I M H .
Macco˜bliipacxon xnanarema CHA ( B ˜ r / c :)

me 2 Qo,- ˜ p e 6 y e ˜XOJlOAOlI˜OW3BOAUTeilbHOCTb, KBT; qo - YAeJlbHaR XOJlOAO˜pOU3BOn˜-

˜ e n b ; l o c ˜xnanaresra,
b K,˜x/K˜.

Macco˜briipacxon xnanarewa B CBH HaxoAm ypaeHeHusI Tennosoro
H3
6ana˜canpOMeXyTOqHOr0 COCyAa:
n p ˜ m e p3. B b ˜ n o n ˜ u ˜ e n n o ˜ o f pacqeT u nono6pa˜b KoMnpeccopbl xononunb˜oii
b i
YCTaHOBKU nJlR 3 a ˜ o p a X u B a ˜ u f lM C POTOPHblMU MOP03UJlbHblMH arperaTaMu YPMA,
Ra
, eCnU Tpe6yeMaR X O J l O ˜ O I I p O U 3 B O n U T e J l b H O C T b Y T H B U QOT 134 KBT. OxJIaXneHHe KOH-
Ca OK =
neHCaT0pOB 9 IIOMOILlbH) CHCTeMbl 0 6 0 ˜ 0 ˜ ˜ 0 ˜ O C H ˜ ˜ X ˜ H H R pacqe˜H0fi TeMnepaType
BO˜ 0 npH
BOnbI H WOne B KOHneHCaTOp U Ha BblXOne H 3 Her0 COOTBeTCTBeHHO f,l = 23'C, twz=
a
= qsOc.




5. MZ= Qo,T/(is,, - in) = 1341(1625 - 400) = 0,109 ˜ r / c .
(1845 - 400)/(1670 - 560) = 0,142 ˜ r / c .
6. M, = Mz/ (i6 - i 3 ) / ( i l f - i4) = 0,109

7. V2 = M2u5/h2 = 0,109 . 1,6/0,79 = 0,22 M3/c.
(npn pnp/po= 0,29/0,072 = 4 no puc. 11.2 npu C = 4,5%, hz = 0,79).



Ho˜ep o s ˜ n
˜
t,"C i.
v. M
P . Mna K˜X/K˜
˜/K˜
(cm. pnc. l 1.5)




(npe p,/pnp = 1,17/0,29 = 4 h˜= 0.79).
npOH3BOnUr˜eJlbHOCTH = 0,22 M3/c M O X H O npUHRTb
9. n o Tpe6yeMofi TeopeT˜qec˜ofi
YCTaHOBKe nBa aMMHa'lHblX nByXCTyneH'laTblX arperaTa MapKU AA55-7-5 CyMMap-
K
.
06'beMHofi ˜POU3BO˜HTeJlbHOCTbK)CHA x V n m 2= 2 0,128 = 0,256 M3/c U CYM-
H0fi




C X ˜ M MB y X C T y n e H ' 4 a T M X
A Y C T a H O B O K C HeCKOJlbKHMH T e M l l e p a T y p a M H
KHneHHII. f i n s OXJIaXAeHUH HeCKOJIbKMX r p y I I I I 1 1 0 ˜ p e 6 M ˜ e J I e f i XOJIOAa C
( H ˜ I I ˜ u M -˜ , -30,-40°C)
˜ 10,
pa3JIMYHbIMU TeMnepaTypaMM KMIIeHMR
M O X e T 6 6 1 ˜ 6 n p M M e H e H a CXeMa AByXCTyIIeHYaTOrO C X a T U R , IIOKa3aHHaR
H a puc. 1 1.6.
OCHOBHO˜ OTJIAYUe 3˜0fi X e M b l OT T p a A A ˜ N O H H b I X M H O r O T e M n e p a T y p H b l X
C
CXeM COCTOMT B TOM, YTO T e M I I e p a T y p a KMIIeHHH B I I P O M e X Y T O Y H O M C O C y A e
I I O A A e p X W B a e T C H B COOTBeTCTBHU C T P ˜ ˜ O B ˜ H O A H O r O P3 n o ˜ p e 6 ˜ ˜ e J I e f i
M˜M i
XOJIOAa ( B A a H H O M C J I y Y a e - K a M e p C to = -10°C). n p M 3TOM KOMIIpeC-
C O P CBfi O T C a C b I B a e T I I a p b I X J I a A a r e H T a K a K 113 I I P O M e X Y T O Y H O T O C O C y A a ,
CMCTeMbI C t o = -10°C.
TaK M M 3 M c I I ˜ P M T ˜ J I ˜ H o ˜ ˜ ˜ O C K O J I ˜ K AJIR IIOA-
Y
n d p x a ˜ u 3˜a A a ˜ ˜ o fTie M I I e p a T y p b I KMIIeHMH B I I P O M e X Y T O Y H O M C O C y A e
H ˜ O ˜ X O A M MI OO A A e p X M B a T b C O O T B e T C T B y I O U e e efi A a B J I e H U e , T a K y I O C X e M y
I
H a 3 b l B a I O T A B ˜ X C T ˜ ˜ ˜ H C X˜ ˜T M O ˜ T P e M R T e M n e P a T Y P a M M KMneHMR M
Y O˜˜ C
@ N K C M P O B ˜ H F ˜ ˜n˜ M M e X Y T O q H b l M A a B J l e H M e M MJIM K O M I T ˜ Y H ˜ ˜ H O ˜ ˜ O ˜ ˜ . CX˜M
PO
n p k l ˜ e ˜ TaKMX e e ˜ ˜ CYeM l l 0 3 B O J I R e T M C n O J l b 3 0 B a T b H a K a X A Y H ) T e M n e P a T Y P Y
K M n e H U R O A H O C T Y ˜ ˜ H ˜a ˜ pTe ˜ aIT ˜ M Y M e H b U I M T b H ˜ O ˜ X O A U M O ˜
r r YMCJlO
r 1 p O M e X y T O Y H b I X COCyAOB.
Tennosoti p a c q e T x o n o n ˜ n b n o i i y c T a H o n K M , pa6o˜arouleti no c x e M e ,
n O ˜ a 3 a ˜ H O Hia pkic.11.6, KlpOBOfiRT B TOM He n O P R A K e , YTO M A B y X C T y n e H -
t
q a ˜ o k ? YCTaHOBKM C 0 ˜ ˜ 0 ˜ e ˜ n e p a ˜ y p K M n e H U R . M a c c o ˜ b l i iP a C X O n Q M p -
ofi
fi
K y J l M p j ' l O ˜ e r O X J l a A a r e H T a , ˜ 0 ˜ 0 ˜ b H ˜ O ˜ X O & M M O B O n M T b OT QMPKYJIFIUM-
lti OT
O n p e f l e J I R I O T p a 3 A e J I b H O AJIR K ˜ ) K A O ˜ M n e p a T y p b l KMneHMR:
Te ˜
peCUB‚¬!pOB,
OHH˜IX
n e p e r p e ˜napoB Ha B c a c b r B a H n n Bcex K o M n p e c c o p o B M O X H O npn-
(lO°C).
H H T b OfikiHaKOBbIM
Z I a c o ˜ o f i pacxon napa B KoMnpeccope CBA ( K M ˜ ) sepes ˜ o ˜ o p b r f i ,
IlpOXOART d p b l H e TOJlbKO I13 C H C T e M b l C t o = - l O ° C , HO ki t o = -30 11
to = -40°C, 0 n p e n e n H r o . r no @ o p ˜ y n e


A a J I b ˜ e f i I L I e e COBepLUeHCTBOBaHHe MHOrOTeMnepaTypHbIX K O M n a y H n H b I X
cxeM C B R ˜ ˜ HcO npnMeHeHneM pecnsepa, c o B M e r u a r o r u e r o @ y ˜ ˜ u nnpoMe- n
X y T O Y H O r O COCyAa ki ˜ H p K y J l H U H O H H O r OP e C M B e p a - K O M n a y H n H O I ' O UHpKyJIH-
U U O H H O ˜ O pecnBepa ( K P 4 ) .
C x e ˜ a T p e M H TeMnepaTypaMn KnneHnR n K P 4 npnseneHa Ha p n c . l l . 7 .
c
T e n n o ˜ o A P a C q e T YCTaHOBKki BbInOJlHRIOT a H a J I O I ' U q H 0 C X e M e Ha PHC. 1 1 . 6 .
B UP4 x n n ˜ n f i xnanareHT oxnaxnaeTcR no COCTORHUR ˜ a c b ˜ u l e ˜ ˜ o i i
XUAKOCTW, ˜ O ˜ T O M M ˜ C C O B ˜pacxon xnanareHTa B KoMnpeccope CBA
Y I˜˜
o n p e n e n R r o T no @ o p ˜ y n e
Ha puc.11.8
-30 u -40°C). B KaqecTBe n p u h f e p a n p u B e n c H a o n H a u3
B O 3 M O X H b l X C X e M T a ˜ 0 f i CTaHOBKM.
Y
C X ˜ Mn P e f l˜ C˜ O T p e H 0 n O n A e p > r < a H U e A B y X @ M K C N P O B ˜ H H ˜ I X a ˜ J I e H l l f i ,
OyM ˜
BbICOKUX T e M n e p a T y p a X (-5
COOTBeTCTBYlOUAX KMneHUlO n p U ˜ a u 6 o ˜ l e e H
KPU U A B a O ˜ ˜ I ˜ HUP. X
-1O0C), B C B R 3 M C 4 e M Y C T a H O B J l e H O A B a ˜I
Y C T ˜ H O B KB U e J l O M M O X H O P a C C M a T P M B a T b K a K 0 6 ' b e ˜ U ˜ e ˜ kAiBey X A B y X -
Y
C T y n e H q a T b l X A B y X T e M n e p a T y p H b I X YCTaHOBOK, A 3 KOTOPbIX O A H a p a 6 0 ˜ a e ˜
c T e M n e p a T y p a M u -40 u -lO°C, a n p y r a R - c T e M n e p a T y p a M u -30 u -5°C.
Einaronap˜T a K O M Y 0 6 ' b e ˜ ˜ H e H k i l OC T e n e H N C X a T A R B C T y n e H F l X C T a H O B R T C R
I l D A M e D H O OLtNHaKOBbIMM.
' n o ' f i a q a 7 k N ˜ K o r o x n a n a r e H T a o c y q e c T s n R e T c R u3 KPLI c ˜ a u ˜ o ˜ e
-sac), ˜ ˜ 0 6 b 1ecne˜1u˜b
06
(to =
BblCOKUM I l P O M e X Y T 0 4 H b l M A a B J I e H W e M
nepenan A a ˜ J I e ˜ k i f i A O C T ˜ T O ˜ HA˜ I IR ˜ ˜ 0 p ˜ a J I b l 1 0 f i pa60˜b1C O J I e H O l l A H b l X
, J
u peryaupymqux s e ˜ ˜ u n e f i .
P a c q e ˜U non6op K O M n p e C C O p O B AJIR X O J I O ˜ U J I ˜ H Y C T˜a H O B K M , p a 6 o ˜ a -

louefi no 3 ˜ 0 f iC X e M e , n P O k i 3 B O f l U T C R T a K Xe, K a K U AJIR 0 6 b l q H b l ˜ A B Y X -
C T y I l e H q a T b l X Y C T a H O B O K C @ W K C M P O B ˜ H H ˜ I MI P O M e X Y T O Z I H b I M A a B J I e H U e M .
I
Tpe6ye˜b1fi y ˜ ˜ a p l l b M f iC C O B P a IC ˜ O A X J I Z i A a r e H T a B K O M n p e C C O p a X CBA
1˜ ˜ X˜
˜
1KPU U 2KPU,
N?l ki 2, H a f i A e H H b ˜ f iR 3 Y p a B H e H A R T e n J I O B O r O 6 a n a ˜ c aAJIR
o n p e , q e J I R m T no @ o p ˜ y n a ˜ :
X˜˜˜KT˜˜UCTMKH O˜˜˜XO
IIOJBeCHblX B O X J I ˜ MapOK ˜ BOfl ˜ U
BOT
˜MT JI˜ ˜

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